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News articles about "biologist"

Bionic plants: Nanotechnology could turn shrubbery into supercharged energy producers

Plants have many valuable functions They provide food and fuel release the oxygen that we breathe and add beauty to our surroundings Now a team of MIT researchers wants to make plants even more useful ... - Read More

'Super bacteria' clean up after oil spills

Norwegian researchers in Trondheim have achieved surprising results by exploiting nature's own ability to clean up after oil spills Scientists know that marine bacteria can assist in cleaning up after oil spills What is surprising ... - Read More

Refined model for reliable prediction of invasion dynamics

Dynamics
The question how rapidly animals plants or microorganisms can colonize new territories is not only of interest to ecologists the spread of invasive species can also have economic consequences e g in the agricultural sector ... - Read More

BLAST off! Exploring the universe of biochemical reactions

Reactions, biochemical
Scientists at EMBL EBI have developed EC BLAST software that makes it easier to develop novel enzymes Published in Nature Methods the program makes it possible to quickly compare the functions of thousands of catalysts ... - Read More

Ahoy! First ocean vesicles spotted

Ocean, Ocean
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More

New species of marine algae identified

marine, algae, Marine, algae
The species that historically was quoted as the most abundant of coral algae that forms rodoliths at the Gulf of California in Mexico is in reality a compound of five different species This finding was ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets: Faster, more accurate imaging of hard-to-study membrane proteins

Membrane, Membrane
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets

Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

Infrared sheds light on single protein complexes

Proteins are basic building blocks of life The chemistry and structure of proteins are essential for their biological function Indeed the structure of proteins determines their mechanical and catalytic properties e g enzymes Such functions ... - Read More

Flexible, stretchable fire-ant rafts

Structure, Structure
What do Jell O toothpaste and floating fire ant rafts have in common All are so called viscoelastic materials meaning that they can both resist flow under stress like honey and they can bounce back ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More

A cost-effective way toward personalized cancer drugs

cancer
Before a cancer patient embarks on a course of treatment tests can be carried out to establish whether or not the chosen cytostatic agent combination is likely to be effective But the time consuming and ... - Read More

Avian Influenza Virus Detection Using Smell

Released 10 11 2013 5 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 10 16 2013 5 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Monell Chemical Senses Center more news from this source Oct 17 2013 PHILADELPHIA October 16 2013 New research ... - Read More

Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens

Plant, plant
In the first study of its kind Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called biochar can interfere with the chemical signals that some microbes use to communicate ... - Read More

Engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Similar to using Python or Java to write code for a computer chemists soon could be able to use a structured set of instructions to program how DNA molecules interact in a test tube or ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Earth's history to be rewritten: Oxygen appeared 700 million years earlier than previously thought

Until now science has believed that oxygen in Earth's atmosphere has been around for roughly 2.3 billion years or roughly half way back along our planet's 4.6 billion year timeline However new research results provide ... - Read More

Model organism gone wild

organism, organism
Model organisms brought into labs because they are easy to work with adapt to the lab often shedding characteristics that allowed them to survive in the wild Scientists who work with model organisms rarely look ... - Read More

Butterfly wings inspire new technologies: From fabrics and cosmetics to sensors

Cosmetics
A new study has revealed that the stunning iridescent wings of the tropical blue Morpho butterfly could expand the range of innovative technologies Scientific lessons learnt from these butterflies have already inspired designs of new ... - Read More
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