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News articles about "biological"

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

New planetary dashboard shows 'great acceleration' in human activity since 1950

Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles show promise for early detection of heart attacks

NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering professors have been collaborating with researchers from Peking University on a new test strip that is demonstrating great potential for the early detection of certain heart attacks Kurt H Becker ... - Read More

Cone Snail Venom Holds Promise for Medical Treatments for Cancer and Addiction

Released 13 Jan 2015 6 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Florida Atlantic University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Journal of Biological ChemistryJan 15 2015 While considered a ... - Read More

Chemical Dial Controls Attraction Between Water-Repelling Molecules

adding here or replacing there “Another implication of our research ” Gellman says “is that those changes can have profound effects that have not previously been understood ” Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

Chemists show proof of concept for new method of accelerating drug discovery research

Chemists have made a significant advancement to directly functionalize C H bonds in natural products by selectively installing new carbon carbon bonds into highly complex alkaloids and nitrogen containing drug molecules C H functionalization is ... - Read More

New catalyst process uses light, not metal, for rapid polymerization

A team of chemistry and materials science experts from University of California Santa Barbara and The Dow Chemical Company has created a novel way to overcome one of the major hurdles preventing the widespread use ... - Read More

They see flow signals: Researchers identify nature of 'sixth sense' in fish

A team of scientists has identified how a sixth sense in fish allows them to detect flows of water which helps resolve a long standing mystery about how these aquatic creatures respond to their environment ... - Read More

Solar cell polymers with multiplied electrical output

One challenge in improving the efficiency of solar cells is that some of the absorbed light energy is lost as heat So scientists have been looking to design materials that can convert more of that ... - Read More

From the lab to your digital device, quantum dots have made quantum leaps

Outside his career as a noted nanochemist Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab director Paul Alivisatos is an avid photographer To show off his photos his preferred device is a Kindle Fire HDX tablet because ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

Exposure to nanoparticles may threaten heart health

Nanoparticles extremely tiny particles measured in billionths of a meter are increasingly everywhere and especially in biomedical products Their toxicity has been researched in general terms but now a team of Israeli scientists has for ... - Read More

Solving a case of intercellular entrapment

Optogenetics which uses light to control cellular events is poised to become an important technology in molecular biology and beyond The Reich Group in UC Santa Barbara's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry has made a ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More

Gift-wrapped gas molecules

A group of scientists led by researchers at the Université de Versailles' Institut Lavoisier in France has worked out how to stably gift wrap a chemical gas known as nitric oxide within metal organic frameworks ... - Read More

Glimpsing pathway of sunlight to electricity

Four pulses of laser light on nanoparticle photocells in a University of Oregon spectroscopy experiment has opened a window on how captured sunlight can be converted into electricity The work which potentially could inspire devices ... - Read More

Creation of 'rocker' protein opens way for new smart molecules in medicine, other fields

Human cells are protected by a largely impenetrable molecular membrane but researchers have built the first artificial transporter protein that carries individual atoms across membranes opening the possibility of engineering a new class of smart ... - Read More

A 'GPS' for molecules

In everyday life the global positioning system GPS can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination Scientists from the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry of ... - Read More

Using targeted brain stimulation to change attention patterns for anxious individuals

Transcranial direct current stimulation tDCS is a painless treatment strategy that uses weak electrical currents to deliver targeted stimulation to the brain via electrodes placed on the scalp tDCS has shown promise in treating mood ... - Read More
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