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News articles about "biological"

Engineers solve a biological mystery and boost artificial intelligence

Engineering
By simulating 25 000 generations of evolution within computers Cornell University engineering and robotics researchers have discovered why biological networks tend to be organized as modules a finding that will lead to a deeper understanding ... - Read More

Antarctic lake beneath the ice sheet tested

Water, Water
In a first of its kind feat of science and engineering a National Science Foundation NSF funded research team has successfully drilled through 800 meters 2 600 feet of Antarctic ice to reach a subglacial ... - Read More

Safer way to vaccinate? Polymer film that gradually releases DNA coding for viral proteins may beat traditional vaccines

DNA, Proteins, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, Proteins
Vaccines usually consist of inactivated viruses that prompt the immune system to remember the invader and launch a strong defense if it later encounters the real thing However this approach can be too risky with ... - Read More

Bugs in the Atmosphere: Significant microorganism populations found in middle and upper troposphere

Microorganism
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind researchers used genomic techniques to document the presence of significant numbers of living microorganisms principally bacteria in the middle and upper troposphere that ... - Read More

Bioinspired fibers change color when stretched

Engineering
A team of materials scientists at Harvard University and the University of Exeter UK have invented a new fiber that changes color when stretched Inspired by nature the researchers identified and replicated the unique structural ... - Read More

Mysteries of spider silk strength unraveled

Materials, Properties
Scientists at ASU are celebrating their recent success on the path to understanding what makes the fiber that spiders spin weight for weight at least five times as strong as piano wire They have found ... - Read More

Modifications of a nanoparticle can change chemical interactions with cell membranes

Chemical, Membranes, Chemical, Nanoparticle
Researchers at Syracuse University's Department of Biomedical and Chemical Engineering at L C Smith College of Engineering and Computer Science are studying the toxicity of commonly used nanoparticles particles up to one million times smaller ... - Read More

Researchers Solve Complex Problem in Membrane Biochemistry Through Study of Amino Acids

Released 1 24 2013 10 30 AM ESTSource Newsroom University of Arkansas Fayetteville more news from this source Jan 24 2013 FAYETTEVILLE Ark – After years of experimentation researchers at the University of Arkansas have ... - Read More

Microbiologists eavesdrop on the hidden lives of microbes

Gene, Genes
Microbiologists who study wild marine microbes as opposed to the lab grown variety face enormous challenges in getting a clear picture of the daily activities of their subjects But a team of scientists from MIT ... - Read More

Self-assembling silica microwires may herald new generation of integrated optical devices

Silica
Silica microwires are the tiny and as yet underutilized cousins of optical fibers If precisely manufactured however these hair like slivers of silica could enable applications and technology not currently possible with comparatively bulky optical ... - Read More

Just add water: How scientists are using silicon to produce hydrogen on demand

Hydrogen, Water, Hydrogen, Water, Hydrogen, Hydrogen
Super small particles of silicon react with water to produce hydrogen almost instantaneously according to University at Buffalo researchers Share This See Also Alternative Fuels Nature of Water Fuel Cells Energy Technology Nanotechnology Electricity Chemical ... - Read More

Ultra-small devices for energy-efficient electronics

Electronics, Electronics, Energy, Energy, Energy
A team of scientists from Tyndall National Institute at University College Cork and the National University of Singapore have designed and fabricated ultra small devices for energy efficient electronics By finding out how molecules behave in ... - Read More

Small change for big improvement: Halogen bonds and drug discovery

Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug discovery, Drug, Drug discovery, Drug discovery
Halogen bonding has been applied in crystal engineering materials research and nanotechnology for some time Scientists from the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies HITS and the Czech Academy of Science in Prague have now developed ... - Read More

Nanoparticles reach new peaks: Researchers show short laser pulses selectively heat gold nanoparticles

Nanoparticles
Plasmonic gold nanoparticles make pinpoint heating on demand possible Now Rice University researchers have found a way to selectively heat diverse nanoparticles that could advance their use in medicine and industry Share This See Also ... - Read More

New biochip technology uses tiny whirlpools to corral microbes

Engineering
Researchers have demonstrated a new technology that combines a laser and electric fields to create tiny centrifuge like whirlpools to separate particles and microbes by size a potential lab on a chip system for medicine ... - Read More

Mussels inspire innovative new adhesive for surgery

Adhesive
Mussels can be a mouthwatering meal but the chemistry that lets mussels stick to underwater surfaces may also provide a highly adhesive wound closure and more effective healing from surgery Share This See Also Wounds ... - Read More

3-D mapping of lipid orientation in biological tissues such as skin

Lipid
A non invasive method that makes it possible to observe in situ how assemblies of lipids are oriented in biological tissues and which does not require any labeling or preparation has been developed by physicists ... - Read More

Chemistry resolves toxic concerns about carbon nanotubes, experts say

Chemistry, Carbon nanotubes, Carbon, Chemistry, Chemistry
Safety fears about carbon nanotubes due to their structural similarity to asbestos have been alleviated following research showing that reducing their length removes their toxic properties experts say Share This See Also Pharmacology Personalized Medicine ... - Read More

Researchers Propose New Way to Look at the Dawn of Life

Released 12 12 2012 5 35 PM ESTSource Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Jan 16 2013 One of the great mysteries of life is how it began What physical process transformed ... - Read More

New Paths Explored for Curbing Genetic Malfunctions

Released 1 15 2013 10 45 AM ESTSource University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey UMDNJ Investigators probe mechanisms of RNA synthesis Jan 16 2013 NEWARK N J – One of the most extraordinary ... - Read More
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