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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "biological"

Polymer coatings a key step toward oral delivery of protein-based drugs

Oral, Polymer
For protein based drugs such as insulin to be taken orally rather than injected bioengineers need to find a way to shuttle them safely through the stomach to the small intestine where they can be ... - Read More

Discovery Sheds Light on Why Alzheimer's Drugs Rarely Help

sticky deposits that build up in the brain that are a visual trademark of the disease The plaques are made of long fibers of a protein called Amyloid β or Aβ Recent studies however suggest ... - Read More

Study Finds Biochemical Role of Crucial TonB Protein in Bacterial Iron Transport and Pathogenesis

Released 7 1 2013 9 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Kansas State University more news from this source Jul 1 2013 MANHATTAN Kan A Kansas State University led study has discovered the role of a protein ... - Read More

Scientists view 'protein origami' to help understand, prevent certain diseases

Scientists using sophisticated imaging techniques have observed a molecular protein folding process that may help medical researchers understand and treat diseases such as Alzheimer's Lou Gehrig's and cancer The study reported this month in the ... - Read More

Computational chemistry draws for first time 'interactive cartographic map' of enzymes during chemical reactions

Knowing how enzymes work is key to control the chemical processes involving these biological macromolecules that have countless applications in the fields of medicine and industry Computational chemistry has enabled to draw for the first ... - Read More

Quantum engines must break down

Our present understanding of thermodynamics is fundamentally incorrect if applied to small systems and needs to be modified according to new research from University College London UCL and the University of Gdańsk The work establishes ... - Read More

Is it alive or dead? How to measure the thermal signatures of single cells and assess their biological activity

To the ancients probing the philosophical question of how to distinguish the living from the dead centered on the mystery of the vital heat To modern microbiology this question was always less mysterious than it ... - Read More

Chemical nanoengineering: Designing drugs controlled by light

Light, Light
The scientific cooperation between chemists biotechnologists and physicists from various Catalan institutes headed by Pau Gorostiza from the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia IBEC and Ernest Giralt from the Institute for Research in Biomedicine IRB ... - Read More

Uniquely shaped enzyme amazes chemists

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Chemists of Radboud University Nijmegen have found that a uniquely shaped enzyme that has never been seen before in biology is real two interlocked ring structures known as catenanes The results have been published early ... - Read More

Star-shaped macromolecule grabs large anions

Anions, Macromolecule
Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have created a symmetrical five sided macrocycle that is easy to synthesize and has characteristics that may help expand the molecular tool box available to researchers in biology chemistry and ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

Memory-Boosting Chemical Is Identified in Mice

trigger different enzymes to act downstream to switch off eIF2 alpha “Among other things the inactivation of eIF2 alpha is a brake on memory consolidation ” Walter said perhaps an evolutionary consequence of a cell ... - Read More

DNA brings materials to life: DNA-coated colloids help create novel self-assembling materials

Materials, materials
A colloid is a substance spread out evenly inside another substance Everyday examples include milk styrofoam hair sprays paints shaving foam gels and even dust mud and fog One of the most interesting properties of ... - Read More

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy

Microscopy
It's not reruns of The Jetsons but researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television ... - Read More

Cameras five times more sensitive to light? An ultrasensitive molybdenum-based image sensor developed

Image sensor
A new material has the potential to improve the sensitivity of photographic image sensors by a factor of five In 2011 an EPFL team led by Andras Kis discovered the amazing semi conducting properties of ... - Read More

Researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean

Ocean, Ocean
A team of Spanish researchers coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council CSIC has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean They are using more than 2 000 samples of microorganisms collected ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Bridge species drive tropical engine of biodiversity

Fossil
Although scientists have known since the middle of the 19th century that the tropics are teeming with species while the poles harbor relatively few the origin of the most dramatic and pervasive biodiversity on Earth ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More

Catching individual molecules in a million with optical antennas inside nano-boxes

molecules, Nano
A single cell in our body is composed of thousands of millions of different biomolecules that work together in an extremely well coordinated way Likewise many biological and biochemical reactions occur only if molecules are ... - Read More
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