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News articles about "biological"

Understanding DNA damage from common radiation threat, low-energy electrons

Every day all day our DNA gets beaten up by chemicals and radiation but remarkably most of us stay healthy Now an investigation by a team of French and Canadian researchers has produced insights into ... - Read More

2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Highlights the Cross-Disciplinary Nature of Today's Research Environment

Released 10 9 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Oct 10 2013 Melville NY October 9 2013 Martin Karplus Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel have ... - Read More

Engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Similar to using Python or Java to write code for a computer chemists soon could be able to use a structured set of instructions to program how DNA molecules interact in a test tube or ... - Read More

Zinc, Proteins, and an Essential Cellular Balancing Act

a single celled fungus Yeast can adapt to both shortages and excesses of zinc says MacDiarmid an associate scientist Zinc is an essential nutrient but if there's too much it's toxic The issue for the ... - Read More

Wagon-wheel pasta shape for better LED lights

Light, Light
One problem in developing more efficient organic LED light bulbs and displays for TVs and phones is that much of the light is polarized in one direction and thus trapped within the light emitting diode ... - Read More

Tapping a valuable resource or invading the environment? Research examines the start of fracking in Ohio

Environment
A new study is examining methane and other components in groundwater wells in advance of drilling for shale gas that's expected over the next several years in an Ohio region Amy Townsend Small a University ... - Read More

'X-shape' not true picture of chromosome structure, new imaging technique reveals

Structure, Structure
A new method for visualising chromosomes is painting a truer picture of their shape which is rarely like the X shaped blob of DNA most of us are familiar with Scientists at the BBSRC funded ... - Read More

Nanoparticle vaccine: Particles that deliver vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces could defend against many infectious diseases

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
Many viruses and bacteria infect humans through mucosal surfaces such as those in the lungs gastrointestinal tract and reproductive tract To help fight these pathogens scientists are working on vaccines that can establish a front ... - Read More

New steering tech for heavy equipment saves fuel, ups efficiency

Fuel
Researchers at Purdue University have shown how to reduce fuel consumption while improving the efficiency of hydraulic steering systems in heavy construction equipment The new approach incorporates several innovations It eliminates valves now needed to ... - Read More

Scientists develop artificial surfaces insects cannot stick to

Plant, plant
Beetles cockroaches and ants will have a harder time walking up the sides of buildings or air conditioners in the future thanks to the bio inspired anti adhesive surfaces Prof Dr Thomas Speck Dr Bettina ... - Read More

New theory for analysing interacting nuclear spins in solvents

Nuclear
Hardly a spectroscopic method boasts so many different applications as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy better known as NMR The approach of NMR spectroscopy is based on monitoring the so called nuclear spin namely the angular ... - Read More

Scientists Discover Possible Way To Turn Fungus From Foe To Friend

except one It turned out that acidification of the vacuole exclusively depended on one version of the gene This allowed them to test the importance of the vacuole’s acidity on virulence separate from the many ... - Read More

Biochemists resurrect 'molecular fossils': Findings challenge assumptions about origins of life

Biochemists, Fossils
Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More

'Grassroots action' in livestock feeding to help curb global climate change

In a series of papers to be presented next week scientists offer new evidence that a potent chemical mechanism operating in the roots of a tropical grass used for livestock feed has enormous potential to ... - Read More

Assumptions about origins of life challenged

Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More

Earth's wobble 'fixes' dinner for marine organisms

marine, organisms, Marine, Earth, organisms, earth
The cyclic wobble of Earth on its axis controls the production of a nutrient essential to the health of the ocean according to a new study in the journal Nature The discovery of factors that ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Carbon farming schemes should consider multiple cobenefits

Carbon markets and related international schemes that allow payments to landholders for planting trees sometimes called carbon farming are intended to support sequestration of carbon from the atmosphere But they will have harmful effects such ... - Read More

New Findings From UNC School of Medicine Challenge Assumptions About Origins of Life

enzymes that actually assemble the RNA molecule Finding an Urzyme that serves that purpose would help answer that question The study’s co authors include Li Li of UNC and Christopher Francklyn of the University of ... - Read More
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