A clever chemical transformation yields surface bound microstructures that efficiently drive away oil and water based contaminants Natural surfaces that repel water such as lotus leaves or butterfly wings often have a rough microscale texture ... - Read More
A passive method for sorting and fixing microbeads of different sizes could lead to cheaper and more functional biological assays Biological assays are an integral part of the researcher's toolkit in the fields of biomolecular ... - Read More
Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More
This alternative approach to creating artificial organic molecules called bioretrosynthesis was first proposed four years ago by Brian Bachmann associate professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt University Now Bachmann and a team of collaborators report that ... - Read More
Released 3 21 2014 4 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 3 23 2014 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Vanderbilt University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature Chemical ... - Read More
Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More
Scientists of the KIT and the University of Kiev have produced an antibiotic whose biological activity can be controlled with light Thanks to the robust diarylethene photoswitch the antimicrobial effect of the peptide mimetic can ... - Read More
Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More
Small protein fragments also called peptides are promising as drugs because they can be designed for very specific functions inside living cells Insulin and the HIV drug Fuzeon are some of the earliest successful examples ... - Read More
is an organ transplant But there are far more patients on waitlists for a transplant than there are donated hearts Even if a patient receives a new heart complications can arise The ideal solution would ... - Read More
the part of the immune system that produces antibodies to fight off a harmful pathogen Later if the person gets infected by that microbe the body immediately knows how to respond But increasingly evidence is ... - Read More
The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More
The term a brighter future might be a cliché but in the case of ultra small probes for lighting up individual proteins it is now most appropriate Researchers at the U S Department of Energy ... - Read More
An international team of researchers analyzed the available data taken from all previous studies of the Southern Ocean together with satellite images taken of the area to quantify the amount of iron supplied to the ... - Read More
Why were Neanderthals replaced by anatomically modern humans around 40 000 years ago One popular hypothesis states that a broader dietary spectrum of modern humans gave them a competitive advantage on Neanderthals Geochemical analyses of ... - Read More
When it comes to analyzing cell components or body fluids or developing new medications there is no way around mass spectrometry Mass spectrometry is a highly sensitive method of measurement that has been used for ... - Read More
A revolutionary University of Colorado Boulder toilet fueled by the sun that is being developed to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe and sustainable sanitation will be unveiled in ... - Read More
Scarcity of clean water is one of the most serious global challenges In its spearhead programme VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland developed energy efficient methods for reuse of water in industrial processes and means ... - Read More
Capitalizing on the ability of an organism to evolve in response to punishment from a hostile environment scientists have coaxed the model bacterium Escherichia coli to dramatically resist ionizing radiation and in the process reveal ... - Read More
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