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News articles about "Base"

Nano world: Where towers construct themselves

Imagine a tower builds itself into the desired structure only by choosing the appropriate bricks Absurd and however in the nano world this is reality There an unordered crowd of components can initiate the formation ... - Read More

Better catalysts for petrochemical industry

Zeolites are among the substances which can accelerate chemical reactions they are known as catalysts Usually applied in pellet form the industrial production of gasoline from crude oil without zeolites is today inconceivable The chemical ... - Read More

A new 'Kabuto-like' nickel catalyst forms bioactive frameworks from phenol derivatives

Researchers at ITbM Nagoya University developed a new nickel catalyst with a Kabuto like structure that was found to catalyze the cross coupling reaction between carbonyl compounds and readily available phenol derivatives to form alpha ... - Read More

Genetic approach helps design broadband metamaterial

A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More

Label-free, sequence-specific, inexpensive fluorescent DNA sensors

Using principles of energy transfer more commonly applied to designing solar cells scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new highly sensitive way to detect specific sequences of ... - Read More

Scientists create circuit board modeled on the human brain

Stanford scientists have developed faster more energy efficient microchips based on the human brain 9 000 times faster and using significantly less power than a typical PC This offers greater possibilities for advances in robotics ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

New design for mobile phone masts could cut carbon emissions

A breakthrough in the design of signal amplifiers for mobile phone masts could deliver a massive 200MW cut in the load on UK power stations reducing CO2 emissions by around 0.5 million tonnes a year ... - Read More

Airport security-style technology could help doctors decide on stroke treatment

A new computer program could help doctors predict which patients might suffer potentially fatal side effects from a key stroke treatment The program which assesses brain scans using pattern recognition software similar to that used ... - Read More

It looks like rubber but isn't: What goes on in a concentrated solution of circular polymers?

The experimental and numerical study of the behaviour of polymers in concentrated solutions is a line of research that is still highly active In the past it enabled us to understand why materials like rubber ... - Read More

Nanoparticle-based coating for aircraft engines may triple service life and reduce fuel consumption

Researchers at University West in Sweden have started using nanoparticles in the heat insulating surface layer that protects aircraft engines from heat In tests this increased the service life of the coating by 300% This ... - Read More

Innovative solar-powered toilet ready for India unveiling

A revolutionary University of Colorado Boulder toilet fueled by the sun that is being developed to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe and sustainable sanitation will be unveiled in ... - Read More

Effective thermal insulation with wood foam

Insulation materials of tomorrow must be both efficient and environmentally friendly Fraunhofer scientists are developing insulation foam made from wood that could re place petrochemical plastics in the long term Climate protection is now a ... - Read More

Soil production breaks geologic speed record

Earth, earth
Geologic time is shorthand for slow paced But new measurements from steep mountaintops in New Zealand show that rock can transform into soil more than twice as fast as previously believed possible The findings were ... - Read More

Researchers invent 'sideways' approach to 2-D hybrid materials

Materials, materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee Knoxville have pioneered a new technique for forming a two dimensional single atom sheet of two different materials with a ... - Read More

Ahoy! First ocean vesicles spotted

Ocean, Ocean
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Efficient removal of uranium, other heavy metals from water

A new and efficient method for the removal of uranium and other heavy metals from water has been developed at the University of Eastern Finland Chemec Ltd a Finnish chemicals industry company has purchased the ... - Read More
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