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News articles about "Base"

Soil production breaks geologic speed record

Earth, earth
Geologic time is shorthand for slow paced But new measurements from steep mountaintops in New Zealand show that rock can transform into soil more than twice as fast as previously believed possible The findings were ... - Read More

Researchers invent 'sideways' approach to 2-D hybrid materials

Materials, materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee Knoxville have pioneered a new technique for forming a two dimensional single atom sheet of two different materials with a ... - Read More

Ahoy! First ocean vesicles spotted

Ocean, Ocean
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Efficient removal of uranium, other heavy metals from water

A new and efficient method for the removal of uranium and other heavy metals from water has been developed at the University of Eastern Finland Chemec Ltd a Finnish chemicals industry company has purchased the ... - Read More

More light shed on possibility of life on Mars

Mars
Humankind is by nature inquisitive especially about the prospect of life on other planets and whether or not we are alone The aptly named Curiosity a NASA Mars rover has been scouring that planet's surface ... - Read More

New Jersey Shore likely faces unprecedented flooding by mid-century

sea
Geoscientists at Rutgers and Tufts universities estimate that the New Jersey shore will likely experience a sea level rise of about 1.5 feet by 2050 and of about 3.5 feet by 2100 11 to 15 ... - Read More

Industrial age helps some coastal regions capture carbon dioxide, surprise finding shows

carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Carbon
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More

The promise of nanotechnology

If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled then research programs must leapfrog to new nanomanufacturing processes That's the conclusion of a review of the current state of nanoscience and nanotechnology to be published ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Improved decoding of DNA for custom medical treatments

Medical
One day doctors will be able to create custom medical treatment plans based on a patient's DNA pinpointing the root of a patient's illness and making sure treatment will not cause a fatal allergic reaction ... - Read More

Single-cell genome sequencing gets better

cell, cell
Researchers led by bioengineers at the University of California San Diego have generated the most complete genome sequences from single E coli cells and individual neurons from the human brain The breakthrough comes from a ... - Read More

Staggering turbines improves performance 33%

Ocean, Ocean
Research into the best ways to arrange wind turbines has produced staggering results quite literally The University of Delaware's Cristina Archer and her Atmosphere and Energy Research Group found that staggering and spacing out turbines ... - Read More

Climate change: Fast out of the gate, slow to the finish the gate

Fast
A great deal of research has focused on the amount of global warming resulting from increased greenhouse gas concentrations But there has been relatively little study of the pace of the change following these increases ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Simple textiles can be used with catalysts to enable complex chemical reactions

Complex, Catalysts, Reactions
In future it will be much easier to produce some active pharmaceutical substances and chemical compounds than was the case to date An international team working with chemists from the Max Planck Institut für Kohlenforschung ... - Read More
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