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News articles about "Bacteria"

Erratic proteins: New insights into a transport mechanism

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
The outer membrane of bacteria contains many proteins that form tiny pores They are important for absorbing nutrients and transmitting signals into the cell The research group of Sebastian Hiller Professor of Structural Biology at ... - Read More

New metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels

sugars
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels The new pathway is intended to replace ... - Read More

Zinc, Proteins, and an Essential Cellular Balancing Act

a single celled fungus Yeast can adapt to both shortages and excesses of zinc says MacDiarmid an associate scientist Zinc is an essential nutrient but if there's too much it's toxic The issue for the ... - Read More

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered

Nitrogen fertilizer costs U S farmers approximately $8 billion each year and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams damaging the delicate water systems Now a discovery by a team of University ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance in agricultural environments: A call to action

Antibiotic resistant pathogens are an emerging critical human health issue The World Health Organization WHO has declared antibiotic resistance as a top health issue worldwide Two million Americans are infected each year with diseases resistant ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?

Bacteria, bacteria
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters According to a report written by scientists from the ... - Read More

Earth's history to be rewritten: Oxygen appeared 700 million years earlier than previously thought

Until now science has believed that oxygen in Earth's atmosphere has been around for roughly 2.3 billion years or roughly half way back along our planet's 4.6 billion year timeline However new research results provide ... - Read More

Nanoparticle vaccine: Particles that deliver vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces could defend against many infectious diseases

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
Many viruses and bacteria infect humans through mucosal surfaces such as those in the lungs gastrointestinal tract and reproductive tract To help fight these pathogens scientists are working on vaccines that can establish a front ... - Read More

Tropical forest carbon absorption may hinge on an odd couple

Carbon, carbon
A unique housing arrangement between a specific group of tree species and a carbo loading bacteria may determine how well tropical forests can absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere according to a Princeton University based ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Model organism gone wild

organism, organism
Model organisms brought into labs because they are easy to work with adapt to the lab often shedding characteristics that allowed them to survive in the wild Scientists who work with model organisms rarely look ... - Read More

Unexpected interaction between ocean currents and bacteria may weaken ocean's ability to absorb carbon dioxide

Ocean, Ocean
For the first time researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean This takes place ... - Read More

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide

Gas
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More

Panda Poop Microbes Could Make Biofuels of the Future -- an Update

that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More

Edible Coatings for Ready-to-Eat Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

refrigerated packaged apple slices that last 2 3 weeks without turning brown or losing crispness Apples ordinarily begin to turn brown within 30 minutes after cutting or peeling Pavlath’s process involves treating freshly cut apple ... - Read More

Genome of elastomeric materials creates novel materials

Materials, materials
A wide range of biologically inspired materials may now be possible by combining protein studies materials science and RNA sequencing according to an international team of researchers Biological methods of synthesizing materials are not new ... - Read More

Toward Making People Invisible to Mosquitoes

were definite mosquito lures drawing 90 percent of the mosquitoes to the screen With other compounds however many of the mosquitoes didn’t even take flight or seemed confused “If you put your hand in a ... - Read More
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