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News articles about "Bacteria"

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Bacteria combat dangerous gas leaks

Bacteria could mop up naturally occurring and human made leaks of natural gases before they are released into the atmosphere and cause global warming according to new research from the University of East Anglia Findings ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes

Manure from dairy cows which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from the cows' gut bacteria The findings reported in mBio® the online ... - Read More

Engineers design 'living materials': Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that emit light

Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Shifting evolution into reverse promises cheaper, greener way to make new drugs

This alternative approach to creating artificial organic molecules called bioretrosynthesis was first proposed four years ago by Brian Bachmann associate professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt University Now Bachmann and a team of collaborators report that ... - Read More

Shifting Evolution Into Reverse Promises Cheaper, Greener Way to Make New Drugs

Released 3 21 2014 4 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 3 23 2014 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Vanderbilt University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature Chemical ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Planting cotton early may mean less stink bug damage

Stink bugs have been consistently ranked among the most damaging insect pests of cotton in the southeastern United States for the past several years Apart from the feeding damage stink bugs are capable of transmitting ... - Read More

Radiation damage at the root of Chernobyl's ecosystems

Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster has slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area according to a study just published in the journal Oecologia ... - Read More

Fast synthesis could boost drug development

Small protein fragments also called peptides are promising as drugs because they can be designed for very specific functions inside living cells Insulin and the HIV drug Fuzeon are some of the earliest successful examples ... - Read More

Vaccination: No-refrigeration, spray vaccine could curb diseases in remote areas

A new kind of single dose vaccine that comes in a nasal spray and doesn't require refrigeration could dramatically alter the public health landscape get more people vaccinated around the world and address the looming ... - Read More

No-Refrigeration, Spray Vaccine Could Curb Diseases in Remote Areas

the part of the immune system that produces antibodies to fight off a harmful pathogen Later if the person gets infected by that microbe the body immediately knows how to respond But increasingly evidence is ... - Read More

247th American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition Press Conference Schedule

a test for doping compounds that is a thousand times more sensitive than those used today Daniel Armstrong Ph D Hongyue GuoUniversity of Texas at Arlington *Instructions for joining chat room sessionsChat Room Sessions from ... - Read More

Back to life after 1,500 years: Moss brought back to life after 1,500 years frozen in ice

Researchers from the British Antarctic Survey and Reading University have demonstrated that after over 1 500 years frozen in Antarctic ice moss can come back to life and continue to grow For the first time ... - Read More

In the lab, scientists coax E. coli to resist radiation damage

Capitalizing on the ability of an organism to evolve in response to punishment from a hostile environment scientists have coaxed the model bacterium Escherichia coli to dramatically resist ionizing radiation and in the process reveal ... - Read More

Big data tackles tiny molecular machines

Open feed cut Such is the humdrum life of a motor molecule the subject of new research at Rice University that eats and excretes damaged proteins and turns them into harmless peptides for disposal The ... - Read More
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