Many viruses and bacteria infect humans through mucosal surfaces such as those in the lungs gastrointestinal tract and reproductive tract To help fight these pathogens scientists are working on vaccines that can establish a front ... - Read More
A unique housing arrangement between a specific group of tree species and a carbo loading bacteria may determine how well tropical forests can absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere according to a Princeton University based ... - Read More
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More
Model organisms brought into labs because they are easy to work with adapt to the lab often shedding characteristics that allowed them to survive in the wild Scientists who work with model organisms rarely look ... - Read More
For the first time researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean This takes place ... - Read More
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More
that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More
refrigerated packaged apple slices that last 2 3 weeks without turning brown or losing crispness Apples ordinarily begin to turn brown within 30 minutes after cutting or peeling Pavlath’s process involves treating freshly cut apple ... - Read More
A wide range of biologically inspired materials may now be possible by combining protein studies materials science and RNA sequencing according to an international team of researchers Biological methods of synthesizing materials are not new ... - Read More
were definite mosquito lures drawing 90 percent of the mosquitoes to the screen With other compounds however many of the mosquitoes didn’t even take flight or seemed confused “If you put your hand in a ... - Read More
oat and millet are added to the barrels Then additional factors of temperature humidity and air pressure come into play affecting how deeply the spirits seep into the wood and interact with its sugars tannins ... - Read More
typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More
Nijmegen microbiologists have shown that the rare earth metal Cerium is essential for the methane oxidizing bacteria which they discovered in 2007 in an Italian hot acid volcanic mudpot It is the first time that ... - Read More
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More
Mercury a common industrial toxin is carried through the atmosphere before settling on the ocean and entering the marine food web Now exciting new research from the University of Michigan and the University of Hawai'i ... - Read More
A simple kitchen sink experiment helped Northwestern University researchers discover that green tea leaves not only can be used to steep a good cup of tea but they make an excellent antibacterial coating too And ... - Read More
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More
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