All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Atoms"

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

Commonalities in how different glassy materials fail

Glass is mysterious It is a broad class of materials that extends well beyond the everyday window pane but one thing that these disparate glasses seem to have in common is that they have nothing ... - Read More

Ultrafast complex molecular simulations by ‘cutting up molecules’

Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More

A new look at the finer details of rust show an assumed atomic structure has been wrong all along

Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More

45-year physics mystery shows a path to quantum transistors

An odd iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next generation electronics Physicists at the ... - Read More

Upsetting the stability of super-small gold clusters generates multifaceted nanocrystals with potent catalytic properties

A*STAR researchers have devised a way to destabilize gold nanoclusters so that they form tiny atomic nuclei that then grow together into perfectly proportioned 12 sided dodecahedron crystals These unique polyhedra have energy rich surfaces ... - Read More

X-ray laser reveals how bacterial protein morphs in response to light

Human biology is a massive collection of chemical reactions from the intricate signaling network that powers our brain activity to the body's immune response to viruses and the way our eyes adjust to sunlight All ... - Read More

Protons fuel graphene prospects

Published in the journal Nature the discovery could revolutionise fuel cells and other hydrogen based technologies as they require a barrier that only allow protons hydrogen atoms stripped off their electrons to pass through In ... - Read More

Scanning tunneling microscopy: Computer simulations sharpen insights into molecules

The resolution of scanning tunnelling microscopes can be improved dramatically by attaching small molecules or atoms to their tip The resulting images were the first to show the geometric structure of molecules and have generated ... - Read More

Heat-conducting plastic: 10 times better than conventional counterparts

The spaghetti like internal structure of most plastics makes it hard for them to cast away heat but a University of Michigan research team has made a plastic blend that does so 10 times better ... - Read More

Single-atom gold catalysts may offer path to low-cost production of fuel and chemicals

New catalysts designed and investigated by Tufts University School of Engineering researchers and collaborators from other university and national laboratories have the potential to greatly reduce processing costs in future fuels such as hydrogen The ... - Read More

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More

Physicists bind single-atom sheets with the same force geckos use to climb walls

Physicists at the University of Kansas have fabricated an innovative substance from two different atomic sheets that interlock much like Lego toy bricks The researchers said the new material made of a layer of graphene ... - Read More

Researchers find way to turn sawdust into gasoline

Researchers at KU Leuven's Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis have successfully converted sawdust into building blocks for gasoline Using a new chemical process they were able to convert the cellulose in sawdust into hydrocarbon ... - Read More

Scientists Get to the Heart of Fool's Gold as a Solar Material

could be 1 000 times thinner than silicon and still efficiently absorb sunlight Like silicon iron and sulfur are common elements in the Earth's crust so solar cells made of iron pyrite could have a ... - Read More

Thermomagnetic processing method provides path to new materials

For much the same reason LCD televisions offer eye popping performance a thermomagnetic processing method developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory can advance the performance of polymers Polymers are used in ... - Read More

Live images from the nano-cosmos: Scientists watch layers of football molecules grow

Using DESY's ultrabright X ray source PETRA III researchers have observed in real time how football shaped carbon molecules arrange themselves into ultra smooth layers Together with theoretical simulations the investigation reveals the fundamentals of ... - Read More

Better bomb-sniffing technology

University of Utah engineers have developed a new type of carbon nanotube material for handheld sensors that will be quicker and better at sniffing out explosives deadly gases and illegal drugs A carbon nanotube is ... - Read More
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