As solar panels become less expensive and capable of generating more power solar energy is becoming a more commercially viable alternative source of electricity However the photovoltaic cells now used to turn sunlight into electricity ... - Read More
UCL scientists have shown how advanced computer simulations can be used to design new composite materials Nanocomposites which are widely used in industry are revolutionary materials in which microscopic particles are dispersed through plastics But ... - Read More
Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More
Glass is mysterious It is a broad class of materials that extends well beyond the everyday window pane but one thing that these disparate glasses seem to have in common is that they have nothing ... - Read More
Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More
Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More
An odd iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next generation electronics Physicists at the ... - Read More
A*STAR researchers have devised a way to destabilize gold nanoclusters so that they form tiny atomic nuclei that then grow together into perfectly proportioned 12 sided dodecahedron crystals These unique polyhedra have energy rich surfaces ... - Read More
Human biology is a massive collection of chemical reactions from the intricate signaling network that powers our brain activity to the body's immune response to viruses and the way our eyes adjust to sunlight All ... - Read More
Published in the journal Nature the discovery could revolutionise fuel cells and other hydrogen based technologies as they require a barrier that only allow protons hydrogen atoms stripped off their electrons to pass through In ... - Read More
The resolution of scanning tunnelling microscopes can be improved dramatically by attaching small molecules or atoms to their tip The resulting images were the first to show the geometric structure of molecules and have generated ... - Read More
The spaghetti like internal structure of most plastics makes it hard for them to cast away heat but a University of Michigan research team has made a plastic blend that does so 10 times better ... - Read More
New catalysts designed and investigated by Tufts University School of Engineering researchers and collaborators from other university and national laboratories have the potential to greatly reduce processing costs in future fuels such as hydrogen The ... - Read More
A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More
For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More
Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More
Physicists at the University of Kansas have fabricated an innovative substance from two different atomic sheets that interlock much like Lego toy bricks The researchers said the new material made of a layer of graphene ... - Read More
Researchers at KU Leuven's Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis have successfully converted sawdust into building blocks for gasoline Using a new chemical process they were able to convert the cellulose in sawdust into hydrocarbon ... - Read More
could be 1 000 times thinner than silicon and still efficiently absorb sunlight Like silicon iron and sulfur are common elements in the Earth's crust so solar cells made of iron pyrite could have a ... - Read More
For much the same reason LCD televisions offer eye popping performance a thermomagnetic processing method developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory can advance the performance of polymers Polymers are used in ... - Read More
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