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News articles about "Atoms"

Alternative energy: A cooler way to clean hydrogen

A process known as ethanol steam reforming is creating opportunities for fuel cell researchers thanks to the recent rise of the bioethanol industry This technique generates hydrogen gas H2 directly within fuel cell systems onboard ... - Read More

New method to generate Laughlin states with atomic systems

In 1998 the Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to the discovery of a new type of quantum fluid with fractional charge excitations known as Laughlin state The production of this quantum state which explains ... - Read More

Superconductor created from solvent

A study led by Washington State University researchers has turned a fairly common non metallic solvent into a superconductor capable of transmitting electrical current with none of the resistance seen in conventional conductors It is ... - Read More

Nuke test radiation can fight poachers who kill elephants, rhinos, hippos

Radiation, Radiation, Radiation
University of Utah researchers developed a new weapon to fight poachers who kill elephants hippos rhinos and other wildlife By measuring radioactive carbon 14 deposited in tusks and teeth by open air nuclear bomb tests ... - Read More

Better antibiotics: Atomic-scale structure of ribosome with molecule that controls its motion

Atomic, Ribosome
This may look like a tangle of squiggly lines but you're actually looking at a molecular machine called a ribosome Its job is to translate DNA sequences into proteins the workhorse compounds that sustain you ... - Read More

Organic electronics: Imaging defects in solar cells

cells, cells
Researchers at LMU have developed a new method for visualizing material defects in thin film solar cells An LMU research team led by Bert Nickel has for the first time succeeded in functionally characterizing the ... - Read More

Exotic alloys for potential energy applications

The search for thermoelectrics exotic materials that convert heat directly into electricity has received a boost from researchers at the California Institute of Technology and the University of Tokyo who have found the best way ... - Read More

Efficient and inexpensive: Researchers develop catalyst material for fuel cells

Catalyst, Fuel, Fuel cells
Efficient robust and economic catalyst materials hold the key to achieving a breakthrough in fuel cell technology Scientists from Jülich and Berlin have developed a material for converting hydrogen and oxygen to water using a ... - Read More

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More

Star-shaped macromolecule grabs large anions

Anions, Macromolecule
Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have created a symmetrical five sided macrocycle that is easy to synthesize and has characteristics that may help expand the molecular tool box available to researchers in biology chemistry and ... - Read More

Spot-welding graphene nanoribbons atom by atom

Scientists at Aalto University Finland and Utrecht University the Netherlands have created single atom contacts between gold and graphene nanoribbons In their article published in Nature Communications the research team demonstrates how to make electrical ... - Read More

Nano-thermometer enables first atomic-scale heat transfer measurements

Atomic, Heat, Thermometer, Nano
In findings that could help overcome a major technological hurdle in the road toward smaller and more powerful electronics an international research team involving University of Michigan engineering researchers has shown the unique ways in ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Dance of the atoms: Clustering of atoms observed

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
Lone people standing in a ballroom don't tend to move a lot It's only when they find a suitable dance partner that rapid motion sets in Atoms on iron oxide surfaces behave in a similar ... - Read More

2-D electronics take a step forward: Semiconducting films for atom-thick circuits

Films
Scientists at Rice University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL have advanced on the goal of two dimensional electronics with a method to control the growth of uniform atomic layers of molybdenum disulfide MDS MDS ... - Read More

New framework for understanding the energetics of ionic liquids

Ions
A new study by researchers at UC Santa Barbara provides clues into the understanding of the behavior of the charged molecules or particles in ionic liquids The new framework may lead to the creation of ... - Read More

Promising material for lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries
Laptops could work longer and electric cars could drive farther if it were possible to further increase the capacity of their lithium ion batteries The electrode material has a decisive influence on a battery's capacity ... - Read More

Second life for possible spintronic materials: Manganese, gallium nitride merged in uniform layer

Materials, materials
Ten years ago scientists were convinced that a combination of manganese and gallium nitride could be a key material to create spintronics the next generation of electronic devices that operate on properties found at the ... - Read More

First observation of spin Hall effect in a quantum gas is step toward 'atomtronics'

Hall Effect, Gas
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have reported* the first observation of the spin Hall effect in a Bose Einstein condensate BEC a cloud of ultracold atoms acting as a single ... - Read More

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond

Nuclei, Diamond, MRI
Today's nuclear magnetic resonance NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI technologies like quantum information processing and nuclear spintronic technologies are based on an intrinsic quantum property of electrons and atomic nuclei called spin Electrons and ... - Read More
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