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News articles about "Atoms"

NASA Curiosity: First Mars age measurement and human exploration help

Mars, NASA
NASA's Curiosity rover is providing vital insight about Mars' past and current environments that will aid plans for future robotic and human missions In a little more than a year on the Red Planet the ... - Read More

A stopwatch for electron flashes: duration of energetic electron pulses measured using laser fields

Electron, Electron, Electron
A stopwatch made of light can determine the duration of extremely brief electron flashes Teams based in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics LAP at LMU and at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have ... - Read More

How light affects individual atoms

Tyndall National Institute and its collaborators are unravelling how atoms vibrate and change when hit with intense bursts of light The ground breaking work has been recognised through publication of a paper in the journal ... - Read More

Optimizing carbon nanotube arrays for use in hot spots

Arrays, Carbon nanotube
Experimental evidence and computer simulations suggest how to grow structures with the best trade offs between three desired characteristics strength flexibility and the ability to dissipate heat When engineers design devices they must often join ... - Read More

Process holds promise for production of synthetic gasoline from carbon dioxide

Gasoline
A chemical system developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago can efficiently perform the first step in the process of creating syngas gasoline and other energy rich products out of carbon dioxide ... - Read More

Snapshots differentiate molecules from their mirror image

molecules, molecules
Small difference large effect Most biological molecules occur in two variants an original and its mirror image As a result they are related to one another like the left hand to the right For instance ... - Read More

New simulatable model displaying exotic quantum phenomena

Quantum, Quantum
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More

Physicists study coldest objects in universe

Light, Light
In a new study published today in the Institute of Physics and German Physical Society's New Journal of Physics a group of researchers from the UK and Australia have come up with a new way ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

How losing information can benefit quantum computing

Quantum, Quantum
Suggesting that quantum computers might benefit from losing some data physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have entangled linked the quantum properties of two ions by leaking judiciously chosen information to ... - Read More

Copper promises cheaper, sturdier fuel cells

Fuel, Fuel cells
Copper adorns the Statue of Liberty makes sturdy affordable wiring and helps our bodies absorb iron Now researchers at Duke University would like to use copper to transform sunlight and water into a chemical fuel ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

X-ray laser can solve protein structures from scratch

X-ray, Protein structures
A study shows for the first time that X ray lasers can be used to generate a complete 3 D model of a protein without any prior knowledge of its structure An international team of ... - Read More

Technique developed to convert thermoelectric material into high performance electricity

Material, Material
A team of Clemson University physicists consisting of nanomaterial scientists Apparao Rao and Ramakrishna Podila and thermoelectricians Terry Tritt Jian He and Pooja Puneet worked synergistically through the newly established Clemson Nanomaterials Center to develop ... - Read More

What water looks like to DNA

Water, Water, Water
A team of biochemists and mathematicians have developed a sophisticated geometric model to predict how a biological molecule will interact with water molecules computing the results up to 20 times faster than other existing approaches ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Single-atom bit forms smallest memory in the world

Atom, Atom, Atom
One atom equals one bit According to this design principle we would like to construct magnetic data memories in the future Presently a compound of several million atoms is needed to stabilize a magnetic bit ... - Read More

New antenna spreads good vibrations in fusion plasma

Plasma, Fusion
If you want to catch a firefly any old glass jar will do But when you're trying to bottle a star the goal of fusion energy research the bottle needs to be very special A ... - Read More
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