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News articles about "Atoms"

Stunning Zinc Fireworks When Egg Meets Sperm

Sparks literally fly when a sperm and an egg hit it off The fertilized mammalian egg releases from its surface billions of zinc atoms in “zinc sparks ” one wave after another found a Northwestern ... - Read More

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars SAM instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars Organic molecules are the building blocks of all ... - Read More

Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon

he entire semiconductor industry not to mention Silicon Valley is built on the propensity of electrons in silicon to get kicked out of their atomic shells and become free These mobile electrons are routed and ... - Read More

Defects are perfect in laser-induced graphene

Researchers at Rice University have created flexible patterned sheets of multilayer graphene from a cheap polymer by burning it with a computer controlled laser The process works in air at room temperature and eliminates the ... - Read More

Theory details how 'hot' monomers affect thin-film formation

Like a baseball player sliding into third a hot monomer skids in a straight line along a cold surface until it's safely among its fellow molecules This is not what usually happens when scientists assemble ... - Read More

New technique could harvest more of the sun's energy

As solar panels become less expensive and capable of generating more power solar energy is becoming a more commercially viable alternative source of electricity However the photovoltaic cells now used to turn sunlight into electricity ... - Read More

Composite materials can be designed in a supercomputer 'virtual lab'

UCL scientists have shown how advanced computer simulations can be used to design new composite materials Nanocomposites which are widely used in industry are revolutionary materials in which microscopic particles are dispersed through plastics But ... - Read More

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

Commonalities in how different glassy materials fail

Glass is mysterious It is a broad class of materials that extends well beyond the everyday window pane but one thing that these disparate glasses seem to have in common is that they have nothing ... - Read More

Ultrafast complex molecular simulations by ‘cutting up molecules’

Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More

A new look at the finer details of rust show an assumed atomic structure has been wrong all along

Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More

45-year physics mystery shows a path to quantum transistors

An odd iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next generation electronics Physicists at the ... - Read More

Upsetting the stability of super-small gold clusters generates multifaceted nanocrystals with potent catalytic properties

A*STAR researchers have devised a way to destabilize gold nanoclusters so that they form tiny atomic nuclei that then grow together into perfectly proportioned 12 sided dodecahedron crystals These unique polyhedra have energy rich surfaces ... - Read More

X-ray laser reveals how bacterial protein morphs in response to light

Human biology is a massive collection of chemical reactions from the intricate signaling network that powers our brain activity to the body's immune response to viruses and the way our eyes adjust to sunlight All ... - Read More

Protons fuel graphene prospects

Published in the journal Nature the discovery could revolutionise fuel cells and other hydrogen based technologies as they require a barrier that only allow protons hydrogen atoms stripped off their electrons to pass through In ... - Read More

Scanning tunneling microscopy: Computer simulations sharpen insights into molecules

The resolution of scanning tunnelling microscopes can be improved dramatically by attaching small molecules or atoms to their tip The resulting images were the first to show the geometric structure of molecules and have generated ... - Read More

Heat-conducting plastic: 10 times better than conventional counterparts

The spaghetti like internal structure of most plastics makes it hard for them to cast away heat but a University of Michigan research team has made a plastic blend that does so 10 times better ... - Read More

Single-atom gold catalysts may offer path to low-cost production of fuel and chemicals

New catalysts designed and investigated by Tufts University School of Engineering researchers and collaborators from other university and national laboratories have the potential to greatly reduce processing costs in future fuels such as hydrogen The ... - Read More

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More
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