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News articles about "Atoms"

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More

Physicists bind single-atom sheets with the same force geckos use to climb walls

Physicists at the University of Kansas have fabricated an innovative substance from two different atomic sheets that interlock much like Lego toy bricks The researchers said the new material made of a layer of graphene ... - Read More

Researchers find way to turn sawdust into gasoline

Researchers at KU Leuven's Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis have successfully converted sawdust into building blocks for gasoline Using a new chemical process they were able to convert the cellulose in sawdust into hydrocarbon ... - Read More

Scientists Get to the Heart of Fool's Gold as a Solar Material

could be 1 000 times thinner than silicon and still efficiently absorb sunlight Like silicon iron and sulfur are common elements in the Earth's crust so solar cells made of iron pyrite could have a ... - Read More

Thermomagnetic processing method provides path to new materials

For much the same reason LCD televisions offer eye popping performance a thermomagnetic processing method developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory can advance the performance of polymers Polymers are used in ... - Read More

Live images from the nano-cosmos: Scientists watch layers of football molecules grow

Using DESY's ultrabright X ray source PETRA III researchers have observed in real time how football shaped carbon molecules arrange themselves into ultra smooth layers Together with theoretical simulations the investigation reveals the fundamentals of ... - Read More

Better bomb-sniffing technology

University of Utah engineers have developed a new type of carbon nanotube material for handheld sensors that will be quicker and better at sniffing out explosives deadly gases and illegal drugs A carbon nanotube is ... - Read More

String field theory could be the foundation of quantum mechanics: Connection could be huge boost to string theory

Two USC researchers have proposed a link between string field theory and quantum mechanics that could open the door to using string field theory or a broader version of it called M theory as the ... - Read More

Chemists gain edge in next-gen energy: Flexible film can catalyze production of hydrogen

Rice University scientists who want to gain an edge in energy production and storage report they have found it in molybdenum disulfide The Rice lab of chemist James Tour has turned molybdenum disulfide's two dimensional ... - Read More

Physicists pave the way for quantum interfaces

Tübingen researchers can control interplay of light and matter at the level of individual photons emitted by rubidium Researchers led by Dr Sebastian Slama of Tübingen University's Institute of Physics have succeeded in directing the ... - Read More

Ammonium source in open ocean tracked by researchers

To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth's atmosphere and oceans it's important to distinguish human made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally A recent study co authored by a Brown University ... - Read More

Special microscope captures defects in nanotubes

University of Oregon chemists have devised a way to see the internal structures of electronic waves trapped in carbon nanotubes by external electrostatic charges Carbon nanotubes have been touted as exceptional materials with unique properties ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

See-through sensors open new window into the brain

Developing invisible implantable medical sensor arrays a team of University of Wisconsin Madison engineers has overcome a major technological hurdle in researchers' efforts to understand the brain The team described its technology which has applications ... - Read More

Superconducting circuits, simplified

Computer chips with superconducting circuits circuits with zero electrical resistance would be 50 to 100 times as energy efficient as today's chips an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

As in Alice's journey through the looking glass to Wonderland mirrors in the real world can sometimes behave in surprising and unexpected ways including a new class of mirror that works like no other As ... - Read More

Method for detecting extremely rare inert gas isotopes for water dating

In the earth and environmental sciences radioactive isotopes atom variants that decay over time play a major role in age determination A radioactive isotope of the inert gas argon 39Ar for example is used to ... - Read More
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