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News articles about "Atomic"

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Physicists bind single-atom sheets with the same force geckos use to climb walls

Physicists at the University of Kansas have fabricated an innovative substance from two different atomic sheets that interlock much like Lego toy bricks The researchers said the new material made of a layer of graphene ... - Read More

Physicists and chemists work to improve digital memory technology

The improvements in random access memory that have driven many advances of the digital age owe much to the innovative application of physics and chemistry at the atomic scale Accordingly a team led by UNL ... - Read More

Ultrafast, low-cost DNA sequencing technology a step closer to reality

A team of scientists from Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute and IBM's T J Watson Research Center have developed a prototype DNA reader that could make whole genome profiling an everyday practice in medicine Our ... - Read More

Groundwater patches play important role in forest health, water quality

Even during summer dry spells some isolated patches of soil in forested watersheds remain waterlogged These patches act as hot spots of microbial activity that remove nitrogen from groundwater and return it to the atmosphere ... - Read More

Combining 'Tinkertoy' materials with solar cells for increased photovoltaic efficiency

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have received a $1.2 million award from the U S Department of Energy's SunShot Initiative to develop a technique that they believe will significantly improve the efficiencies of photovoltaic materials ... - Read More

Tracking heat-driven decay in leading electric vehicle batteries

Rechargeable electric vehicles are one of the greatest tools against rising pollution and carbon emissions and their widespread adoption hinges on battery performance Scientists specializing in nanotechnology continue to hunt for the perfect molecular recipe ... - Read More

Lithium injections show promise for optimizing the performance of fusion plasmas

Experiments on the DIII D tokamak that General Atomics operates for the U S Department of Energy DOE have demonstrated the ability of lithium injections to transiently double the temperature and pressure at the edge ... - Read More

Functional nanomaterials to advance vehicle battery tech

Future fleets of electric vehicles will require high capacity batteries that recharge rapidly degrade very little over time and operate safely Lithium ion Li ion batteries similar to the ones found inside portable electronics currently ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Special microscope captures defects in nanotubes

University of Oregon chemists have devised a way to see the internal structures of electronic waves trapped in carbon nanotubes by external electrostatic charges Carbon nanotubes have been touted as exceptional materials with unique properties ... - Read More

'Designer' nanodevice could improve treatment options for cancer sufferers

Cancer diagnostics and treatment options could be drastically improved with the creation of a 'designer' nanodevice being developed by researchers from the UK Italy the US and Argentina The diagnostic 'nanodecoder' which will consist of ... - Read More

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered exceptional properties in a garnet material that could enable development of higher energy battery designs The ORNL led team used scanning transmission electron ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine

The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More

Fusion reactor concept could be cheaper than coal

Fusion energy almost sounds too good to be true zero greenhouse gas emissions no long lived radioactive waste a nearly unlimited fuel supply Perhaps the biggest roadblock to adopting fusion energy is that the economics ... - Read More
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