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News articles about "Atmospheric"

Cracked sea ice stirs up Arctic mercury concern

sea, Ice, Mercury
Vigorous mixing in the air above large cracks in Arctic sea ice that expose seawater to cold polar air pumps atmospheric mercury down to the surface finds a NASA field campaign This process can lead ... - Read More

Arctic: Mercury deposition and ozone depletion, linked to sea-ice dynamics

Mercury, Ice, sea, Ozone depletion, Dynamics
This week a new study published in Nature and co authored by Drs Chris Moore and Daniel Obrist of Nevada's Desert Research Institute establishes for the first time a link between Arctic sea ice dynamics ... - Read More

Nitrous oxide emissions in streams and rivers examined

Emissions
A relatively unknown hidden artificial stream called a flume located in the basement of the Idaho Water Center at Broadway and Front streets in downtown Boise is the site of a collaborative research initiative by ... - Read More

Climate Engineering: What do the public think?

Members of the public have a negative view of climate engineering the deliberate large scale manipulation of the environment to counteract climate change according to a new study The results are from researchers from the ... - Read More

High levels of molecular chlorine found in arctic atmosphere

Atmosphere, Atmosphere, molecular, Molecular
Scientists studying the atmosphere above Barrow Alaska have discovered unprecedented levels of molecular chlorine in the air a new study reports Molecular chlorine from sea salt released by melting sea ice reacts with sunlight to ... - Read More

New study: US power plant emissions down

Emissions
Power plants that use natural gas and a new technology to squeeze more energy from the fuel release far less of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide than coal fired power plants do according to a ... - Read More

Symbiotic fungi inhabiting plant roots have major impact on atmospheric carbon, scientists say

Fungi, Atmospheric
Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

Cloud mystery solved: Global temperatures to rise at least 4°C by 2100

climate, Climate, climate
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature Scientists found global climate ... - Read More

Assumption about mercury in the Arctic overturned

For years scientists have assumed that if mercury is high and increasing in fish in the North American and European Arctic the same is true of fish elsewhere in the Arctic But a team of ... - Read More

Hack the planet? Geoengineering research, ethics, governance explored

Climate, climate
Hacking Earth's climate to counteract global warming a subject that elicits strong reactions from both sides is the topic of a December special issue of the journal Climatic Change A dozen research papers include the ... - Read More

Nitrogen deposition poses threat to diversity of Europe's forest vegetation

nitrogen, Nitrogen
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

Ethanol blends carry hidden risk

Methane, Methane
Blending more ethanol into fuel to cut air pollution from vehicles carries a hidden risk that toxic or even explosive gases may find their way into buildings according to researchers at Rice University Those problems ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

New results from inside the ozone hole

Ozone, Ozone
NASA scientists have revealed the inner workings of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica and found that declining chlorine in the stratosphere has not yet caused a recovery of the ozone hole More ... - Read More

First measurement flight: Research aircraft HALO explores trade wind clouds

Atmospheric
Which climate effects do clouds have Under what conditions do they warm or cool the atmosphere Today after more than five years of preparation the specially equipped research aircraft HALO High Altitude and Long Range ... - Read More

Astronomers solve temperature mystery of planetary atmospheres

Astronomers
An atmospheric peculiarity Earth shares with Jupiter Saturn Uranus and Neptune is likely common to billions of planets University of Washington astronomers have found and knowing that may help in the search for potentially habitable ... - Read More

RAVAN to help solve an earth science mystery

Science, Science, Earth, earth
A new low cost cubesat mission led by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel Md will demonstrate technology needed to measure the absolute imbalance in Earth's radiation budget for the first time giving ... - Read More

2012 solar storm points up need for society to prepare

A massive ejection of material from the sun initially traveling at over 7 million miles per hour that narrowly missed Earth last year is an event solar scientists hope will open the eyes of policymakers ... - Read More
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