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News articles about "Atmospheric"

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Ozone levels drop 20 percent with switch from ethanol to gasoline

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo Brazil to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible fuel vehicles local ozone ... - Read More

Submarine: 'Virtual periscope' sees above-surface/airborne objects from underwater view

Up periscope may become a submarine commander's outdated order thanks to a team of Technion Israel Institute of Technology researchers who have developed a new technology for viewing objects above the water's surface without a ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Today's Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida

Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st century Florida heat according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures ... - Read More

Seal teeth offer glimpse into the environmental past of Russia's Lake Baikal

March 21 marks World Water Day and a fitting time to consider one of the most unique mammals in Earth's waters The nerpa also known as the Baikal seal is the only seal that lives ... - Read More

Permafrost thaw exacerbates climate change

The climate is warming in the arctic at twice the rate of the rest of the globe creating a longer growing season and increased plant growth which captures atmospheric carbon and thawing permafrost which releases ... - Read More

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change

Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Goldilocks principle: Earth's continued habitability due to geologic cycles that act as climate control

Researchers from USC and Nanjing University in China have documented evidence suggesting that part of the reason that Earth has become neither sweltering like Venus nor frigid like Mars lies with a built in atmospheric ... - Read More

Rewrite the textbooks on water's surface tension: Air-water interface is negatively charged by the adsorption of hydroxide ions

Researchers from the University of Melbourne and University of Sydney are confident their new reaserach results will make significant differences to the calculations of surface tension of water used by the next generation of atmospheric ... - Read More

New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns

The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More

Reindeer grazing may counteract effects of climate warming on tundra carbon sink

Local reindeer grazing history is an important determinant in the response of an ecosystem's carbon sink to climate warming say researchers at the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland Their study was published in ... - Read More

Southern Ocean iron cycle gives new insight into climate change

An international team of researchers analyzed the available data taken from all previous studies of the Southern Ocean together with satellite images taken of the area to quantify the amount of iron supplied to the ... - Read More

Understanding how mountains and rivers make life possible

Favorable conditions for life on Earth are enabled in part by the natural shuttling of carbon dioxide from the planet's atmosphere to its rocky interior and back again Now Stanford scientists have devised a pair ... - Read More

Africa's air pollution underestimated in climate change models

Human activity in Africa significantly contributes to air pollution However no detailed data regarding country by country pollutant emissions in the continent was available until now To remedy this a joint French Ivory Coast team ... - Read More

More accurate data on thousands of years of climate change

Using a cutting edge research technique UCLA researchers have reconstructed the temperature history of a region that plays a major role in determining climate around the world The findings published online Feb 27 in the ... - Read More

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic

Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1000 years according to researchers at Cardiff University The study found that changes in the Sun's ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More
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