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News articles about "Atmospheric"

Naturally acidic waters of Puget Sound surround labs

For more than 100 years marine biologists at Friday Harbor Laboratories have studied the ecology of everything from tiny marine plants to giant sea stars Now as the oceans are undergoing a historic shift in ... - Read More

Epoch-defining study pinpoints when humans came to dominate planet Earth

The human dominated geological epoch known as the Anthropocene probably began around the year 1610 with an unusual drop in atmospheric carbon dioxide and the irreversible exchange of species between the New and Old Worlds ... - Read More

New material captures carbon at half the energy cost

UC Berkeley chemists have made a major leap forward in carbon capture technology with a material that can efficiently remove carbon from the ambient air of a submarine as readily as from the polluted emissions ... - Read More

Atmosphere above Africa: Clouds and aerosol measurements

From Saharan dust storms to icy clouds to smoke on the opposite side of the continent the first image from NASA's newest cloud and aerosol measuring instrument provides a profile of the atmosphere above Africa ... - Read More

Snffing out origins of methane: instrument identifies methane's origins in mines, deep-sea vents, and cows

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas second only to carbon dioxide in its capacity to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere for a long time The gas can originate from lakes and swamps natural gas pipelines ... - Read More

New models yield clearer picture of emissions' true costs

When its environmental and human health toll is factored in a gallon of gasoline costs us about $3.80 more than the pump price a new Duke University study finds The social cost of a gallon ... - Read More

Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink

In a high carbon dioxide world the trees would come out ahead Except for the munching bugs A new study published in Nature Plants shows that hungry plant eating insects may limit the ability of ... - Read More

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Lake Tahoe research provides new insights on global change

A Scripps Institution of Oceanography led study on how natural and human made sources of nitrogen are recycled through the Lake Tahoe ecosystem provides new information on how global change may affect the iconic blue ... - Read More

New catalyst to create chemical building blocks from biomass

University of Tokyo researchers have developed a novel selective catalyst that allows the creation of several basic chemicals from biomass instead of petroleum This discovery may lead to the use of plant biomass as a ... - Read More

Threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in US

Coastal communities in 15 states that depend on the $1 billion shelled mollusk industry primarily oysters and clams are at long term economic risk from the increasing threat of ocean acidification a new report concludes ... - Read More

Frequency combs in molecular fingerprint region

In an article published in Nature Communications an international collaboration of scientists around Dr Nathalie Picqué Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and Ludwig Maximilians Universität München describes a reliable new technique of producing a ... - Read More

Methane leaks from three large US natural gas fields in line with federal estimates

Tens of thousands of pounds of methane leak per hour from equipment in three major natural gas basins that span Texas Louisiana Arkansas and Pennsylvania according to airborne measurements published today But the overall leak ... - Read More

Clearing up Europe's air pollution hotspots

Current air quality legislation in Europe will lead to significant improvements in particulate matter pollution but without further emission control efforts many areas of Europe will continue to see air pollution levels above the limits ... - Read More

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

New ozone-destroying gases on the rise; not controlled by treaty

Scientists report that chemicals that are not controlled by a United Nations treaty designed to protect the Ozone Layer are contributing to ozone depletion In the new study published today in Nature Geoscience the scientists ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

Going negative with carbon

To combat climate change President Obama has called for an 80 percent reduction in carbon dioxide CO2 emissions by 2050. To help achieve this goal the President has encouraged big investments in wind solar and ... - Read More
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