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News articles about "Atmospheric"

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Lake Tahoe research provides new insights on global change

A Scripps Institution of Oceanography led study on how natural and human made sources of nitrogen are recycled through the Lake Tahoe ecosystem provides new information on how global change may affect the iconic blue ... - Read More

New catalyst to create chemical building blocks from biomass

University of Tokyo researchers have developed a novel selective catalyst that allows the creation of several basic chemicals from biomass instead of petroleum This discovery may lead to the use of plant biomass as a ... - Read More

Threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in US

Coastal communities in 15 states that depend on the $1 billion shelled mollusk industry primarily oysters and clams are at long term economic risk from the increasing threat of ocean acidification a new report concludes ... - Read More

Frequency combs in molecular fingerprint region

In an article published in Nature Communications an international collaboration of scientists around Dr Nathalie Picqué Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and Ludwig Maximilians Universität München describes a reliable new technique of producing a ... - Read More

Methane leaks from three large US natural gas fields in line with federal estimates

Tens of thousands of pounds of methane leak per hour from equipment in three major natural gas basins that span Texas Louisiana Arkansas and Pennsylvania according to airborne measurements published today But the overall leak ... - Read More

Clearing up Europe's air pollution hotspots

Current air quality legislation in Europe will lead to significant improvements in particulate matter pollution but without further emission control efforts many areas of Europe will continue to see air pollution levels above the limits ... - Read More

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

New ozone-destroying gases on the rise; not controlled by treaty

Scientists report that chemicals that are not controlled by a United Nations treaty designed to protect the Ozone Layer are contributing to ozone depletion In the new study published today in Nature Geoscience the scientists ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

Going negative with carbon

To combat climate change President Obama has called for an 80 percent reduction in carbon dioxide CO2 emissions by 2050. To help achieve this goal the President has encouraged big investments in wind solar and ... - Read More

Can cattle grazing management technique help capture and store carbon in soil?

Can beef production help restore ecosystems A team of scientists advisors and communications specialists are banding together to explore whether ranching management can create robust soils watersheds and wildlife habitat while sequestering atmospheric carbon dioxide ... - Read More

Geoengineering report: Scientists urge more research on climate intervention

Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions while necessary may not happen soon enough to stave off climate catastrophe So in addition the world may need to resort to so called geoengineering approaches that aim to ... - Read More

Carbon release from ocean helped end the Ice Age

A release of carbon dioxide CO2 from the deep ocean helped bring an end to the last Ice Age according to new collaborative research by the University of Southampton Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB the ... - Read More

Global rainfall satellites require massive overhaul

Circling hundreds of miles above Earth weather satellites are working round the clock to provide rainfall data that are key to a complex system of global flood prediction A new Cornell University study warns that ... - Read More

Smothered oceans: Extreme oxygen loss in oceans accompanied past global climate change

Seafloor sediment cores reveal abrupt extensive loss of oxygen in the ocean when ice sheets melted roughly 10 000 17 000 years ago according to a study from the University of California Davis The findings ... - Read More

Ocean could hold key to predicting recurring extreme winters

Research at the National Oceanography Centre NOC may help to predict extreme winters across Europe by identifying the set of environmental conditions that are associated with pairs of severe winters across consecutive years Pairs of ... - Read More

Boston's leaky pipes release high levels of heat-trapping methane

Imagine if every time you filled your car with gas a few gallons didn't make it into the tank and instead spilled onto the ground That's essentially what happens every day with the aging system ... - Read More
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