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News articles about "Atmospheric"

Past climate change and continental ice melt linked to varying carbon dioxide levels

Scientists at the Universities of Southampton and Cardiff have discovered that a globally warm period in Earth's geological past featured highly variable levels of CO2. Previous studies have found that the Miocene climatic optimum a ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

A new innovative way to fertilize through leaves

A new study conducted by researchers from UPM and the UAH suggests that foliar fertilization could be used as a tool to produce plants for high quality reforestation Various nitrogen sources were tested in this ... - Read More

Solar activity impacts polar ozone

The increase in greenhouse gases explains to a large extent the rise in the average temperature of Earth According to the research study published in Nature Communications today the Sun affects middle atmosphere ozone with ... - Read More

'Superglue' for the atmosphere: How sulfuric acid increases cloud formation

It has been known for several years that sulfuric acid contributes to the formation of tiny aerosol particles which play an important role in the formation of clouds The new study by Kürten et al ... - Read More

Antarctic sea ice reaches new record maximum

Sea ice surrounding Antarctica reached a new record high extent this year covering more of the southern oceans than it has since scientists began a long term satellite record to map sea ice extent in ... - Read More

Atmospheric chemistry hinges on better physics model

New theoretical physics models could help us better grasp the atmospheric chemistry of ozone depletion Indeed understanding photoabsorption of nitrous oxide N2O a process which involves the transfer of the energy of a photon to ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from air

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More

Pollution linked to lethal sea turtle tumors

Pollution in urban and farm runoff in Hawaii is causing tumors in endangered sea turtles a new study finds The study published Tuesday in the peer reviewed open access journal PeerJ shows that nitrogen in ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

Scientists twist radio beams to send data: Transmissions reach speeds of 32 gigibits per second

Building on previous research that twisted light to send data at unheard of speeds scientists at USC have developed a similar technique with radiowaves reaching high speeds without some of the hassles that can go ... - Read More

Atmosphere in northern hemisphere has lower self-cleaning capacity than previously thought

Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed An international research team that includes researchers from Wageningen University established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl OH is ... - Read More

BP Deepwater Horizon disaster: Researchers continue working to safeguard shoreline

An NJIT research team has estimated the total mass of oil that reached the Gulf of Mexico shore in the wake of the BP Deepwater Horizon blowout It's the first time such an estimate was ... - Read More

Microbes evolve faster than ocean can disperse them

Two Northeastern University researchers and their international colleagues have created an advanced model aimed at exploring the role of neutral evolution in the biogeographic distribution of ocean microbes Their findings were published Thursday in the ... - Read More

How salt causes buildings to crumble

Salt crystals are often responsible when buildings start to show signs of ageing Researchers from the Institute for Building Materials have studied salt damage in greater depth and can now predict weathering processes more accurately ... - Read More

Environmental costs, health risks, and benefits of fracking examined

A strange thing happened on the way to dealing with climate change Advances in hydraulic fracturing put trillions of dollars' worth of previously unreachable oil and natural gas within humanity's grasp The environmental costs and ... - Read More

High-altitude balloon over Ontario, Canada: Researchers measure ozone-depleting bromine

How much does bromine affect stratospheric ozone Answering this question is the primary objective of measurements by a multi instrument gondola carried by a high altitude balloon The gondola accommodates a unique combination of remote ... - Read More

How conversion of forests to cropland affects climate

The conversion of forests into cropland worldwide has triggered an atmospheric change that while seldom considered in climate models has had a net cooling effect on global temperatures according to a new Yale study Writing ... - Read More

Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food

The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food a new study suggests Elevated carbon dioxide levels impaired the ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans, WMO report finds

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013 propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide This is according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas ... - Read More
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