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News articles about "Atmospheric"

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion

Coral reefs persist in a balance between reef construction and reef breakdown As corals grow they construct the complex calcium carbonate framework that provides habitat for fish and other reef organisms Simultaneously bioeroders such as ... - Read More

Robotic ocean gliders aid study of melting polar ice

The rapidly melting ice sheets on the coast of West Antarctica are a potential major contributor to rising ocean levels worldwide Although warm water near the coast is thought to be the main factor causing ... - Read More

Groundwater patches play important role in forest health, water quality

Even during summer dry spells some isolated patches of soil in forested watersheds remain waterlogged These patches act as hot spots of microbial activity that remove nitrogen from groundwater and return it to the atmosphere ... - Read More

Restoring wetlands can lessen soil sinkage, greenhouse gas emissions, study finds

Restoring wetlands can help reduce or reverse soil subsidence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions according to research in California's Sacramento San Joaquin River Delta by Dartmouth College researchers and their colleagues The study which is ... - Read More

Deepwater Horizon spill: Much of the oil at bottom of the sea

Due to the environmental disaster's unprecedented scope assessing the damage caused by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico has been a challenge One unsolved puzzle is the location of 2 million ... - Read More

Ammonium source in open ocean tracked by researchers

To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth's atmosphere and oceans it's important to distinguish human made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally A recent study co authored by a Brown University ... - Read More

Plump turtles swim better: First models of swimming animals

Bigger is better if you're a leatherback sea turtle For the first time researchers at the University of Wisconsin Madison Florida Atlantic University FAU and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA have measured the ... - Read More

Boosting biogasoline production in microbes

In the on going effort to develop advanced biofuels as a clean green and sustainable source of liquid transportation fuels researchers at the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy Institute JBEI have ... - Read More

Clean smell doesn't always mean clean air

Some of the same chemical reactions that occur in the atmosphere as a result of smog and ozone are actually taking place in your house while you are cleaning A researcher in Drexel's College of ... - Read More

Combing the atmosphere to measure greenhouse gases

By remotely combing the atmosphere with a custom laser based instrument researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST in collaboration with researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA have developed ... - Read More

Karakoram glacier anomaly resolved, a cold case of climate science

Researchers from Princeton University and other institutions may have hit upon an answer to a climate change puzzle that has eluded scientists for years and that could help understand the future availability of water for ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Past climate change and continental ice melt linked to varying carbon dioxide levels

Scientists at the Universities of Southampton and Cardiff have discovered that a globally warm period in Earth's geological past featured highly variable levels of CO2. Previous studies have found that the Miocene climatic optimum a ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

A new innovative way to fertilize through leaves

A new study conducted by researchers from UPM and the UAH suggests that foliar fertilization could be used as a tool to produce plants for high quality reforestation Various nitrogen sources were tested in this ... - Read More

Solar activity impacts polar ozone

The increase in greenhouse gases explains to a large extent the rise in the average temperature of Earth According to the research study published in Nature Communications today the Sun affects middle atmosphere ozone with ... - Read More

'Superglue' for the atmosphere: How sulfuric acid increases cloud formation

It has been known for several years that sulfuric acid contributes to the formation of tiny aerosol particles which play an important role in the formation of clouds The new study by Kürten et al ... - Read More

Antarctic sea ice reaches new record maximum

Sea ice surrounding Antarctica reached a new record high extent this year covering more of the southern oceans than it has since scientists began a long term satellite record to map sea ice extent in ... - Read More

Atmospheric chemistry hinges on better physics model

New theoretical physics models could help us better grasp the atmospheric chemistry of ozone depletion Indeed understanding photoabsorption of nitrous oxide N2O a process which involves the transfer of the energy of a photon to ... - Read More
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