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News articles about "Atmospheric"

Cost of cloud brightening for cooler planet revealed

University of Manchester scientists have identified the most energy efficient way to make clouds more reflective to the sun in a bid to combat climate change Marine Cloud Brightening is a reversible geoengineering method proposed ... - Read More

The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'

New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures Their work is the ... - Read More

No lead pollution in the oil sands region of Alberta, study says

Recent research from the University of Alberta reveals that contrary to current scientific knowledge there's no atmospheric lead pollution in the province's oil sands region William Shotyk a soil and water scientist who specializes in ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

New insights into predicting future droughts in California: Natural cycles, sea surface temperatures found to be main drivers in ongoing event

According to a new NOAA sponsored study natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought A high pressure ridge off the West Coast typical of historic droughts prevailed for three ... - Read More

Caribbean gorgonian corals are resistant to ocean acidification

A new study on tropical shallow water soft corals known as gorgonians found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations These results suggest that Caribbean gorgonian corals may ... - Read More

Fracking and pollution: Technology-dependent emissions of gas extraction in the US

Not all boreholes are the same Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT used mobile measurement equipment to analyze gaseous compounds emitted by the extraction of oil and natural gas in the USA For ... - Read More

Looking at El Niño's past to predict its future

The El Niño Southern Oscillation is Earth's main source of year to year climate variability but its response to global warming remains highly uncertain Scientists see a large amount of variability in the El Niño ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall

Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More

A glimmer of hope for corals as baby reef builders cope with acidifying oceans

While the threat of coral bleaching as a result of climate change poses a serious risk to the future of coral reefs world wide new research has found that some baby corals may be able ... - Read More

Laser sniffs out toxic gases from afar: System can ID chemicals in atmosphere from a kilometer away

Scientists have developed a way to sniff out tiny amounts of toxic gases a whiff of nerve gas for example or a hint of a chemical spill from up to one kilometer away The new ... - Read More

Buckyballs enhance carbon capture

Rice University scientists have discovered an environmentally friendly carbon capture method that could be equally adept at drawing carbon dioxide emissions from industrial flue gases and natural gas wells The Rice lab of chemist Andrew ... - Read More

Cover crops can sequester soil organic carbon

A 12 year University of Illinois study shows that although the use of cover crops does not improve crop yields the practice does increase the amount of sequestered soil organic carbon using three different soil ... - Read More

Chemists identify role of soil in pollution control

Scientists have long known that air pollution caused by cars and trucks solvent use and even plants is reduced when broken down by naturally occurring compounds that act like detergents of the atmosphere What has ... - Read More

Losing air: barrage of small impacts likely erased much of the Earth’s primordial atmosphere

Today's atmosphere likely bears little trace of its primordial self Geochemical evidence suggests that Earth's atmosphere may have been completely obliterated at least twice since its formation more than 4 billion years ago However it's ... - Read More

Logging destabilizes forest soil carbon over time

Logging doesn't immediately jettison carbon stored in a forest's mineral soils into the atmosphere but triggers a gradual release that may contribute to climate change over decades a Dartmouth College study finds The results are ... - Read More

Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions

Research has identified for the first time how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted A team of researchers from the universities of Southampton Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical ... - Read More

Meteorology meets metrology: Climate research high up in the clouds

Barely has the research aircraft HALO entered the kilometre high clouds towering above the Brazilian rainforest than the researchers find themselves in a complete haze but they can rely on the measuring instruments that are ... - Read More

Atmospheric carbon dioxide used for energy storage products

Chemists and engineers at Oregon State University have discovered a fascinating new way to take some of the atmospheric carbon dioxide that's causing the greenhouse effect and use it to make an advanced high value ... - Read More
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