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News articles about "Atmosphere"

New record operation temperature for quantum-cascade lasers

For the observation of cold matter in the interstellar medium astronomers need instruments for the detection of terahertz radiation Specific high resolution instruments are based on terahertz quantum cascade lasers but operate only at cryogenic ... - Read More

Carbon loss from soil accelerating climate change

Research published in Science today found that increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere cause soil microbes to produce more carbon dioxide accelerating climate change Two Northern Arizona University researchers led the study which ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Today's Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida

Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st century Florida heat according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures ... - Read More

Refrigerant in car air conditioners: Refreshingly cool, potentially toxic?

The refrigerant R1234yf is being considered for use in air conditioning systems in cars Chemists at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich now show that in the event of a fire it releases the highly ... - Read More

Permafrost thaw exacerbates climate change

The climate is warming in the arctic at twice the rate of the rest of the globe creating a longer growing season and increased plant growth which captures atmospheric carbon and thawing permafrost which releases ... - Read More

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change

Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Fierce 2012 magnetic storm just missed us: Earth dodged huge magnetic bullet from the sun

Earth dodged a huge magnetic bullet from the sun on July 23 2012. According to University of California Berkeley and Chinese researchers a rapid succession of coronal mass ejections the most intense eruptions on the ... - Read More

Amazon inhales more carbon than it emits, NASA finds

A new NASA led study seven years in the making has confirmed that natural forests in the Amazon remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than they emit therefore reducing global warming This finding resolves ... - Read More

New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns

The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More

Bright future for protein nanoprobes

The term a brighter future might be a cliché but in the case of ultra small probes for lighting up individual proteins it is now most appropriate Researchers at the U S Department of Energy ... - Read More

Reindeer grazing may counteract effects of climate warming on tundra carbon sink

Local reindeer grazing history is an important determinant in the response of an ecosystem's carbon sink to climate warming say researchers at the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland Their study was published in ... - Read More

Novel membrane reveals water molecules will bounce off a liquid surface

Consider the nearest water surface a half full glass on your desk a puddle outside your window or a lake across town All of these surfaces represent liquid vapor interfaces where liquid meets air Molecules ... - Read More

Understanding how mountains and rivers make life possible

Favorable conditions for life on Earth are enabled in part by the natural shuttling of carbon dioxide from the planet's atmosphere to its rocky interior and back again Now Stanford scientists have devised a pair ... - Read More

More accurate data on thousands of years of climate change

Using a cutting edge research technique UCLA researchers have reconstructed the temperature history of a region that plays a major role in determining climate around the world The findings published online Feb 27 in the ... - Read More

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic

Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1000 years according to researchers at Cardiff University The study found that changes in the Sun's ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More

Four new human-made ozone depleting gases found in the atmosphere

Scientists at the University of East Anglia have identified four new human made gases in the atmosphere all of which are contributing to the destruction of the ozone layer New research published today in the ... - Read More
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