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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall

Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More

Laser sniffs out toxic gases from afar: System can ID chemicals in atmosphere from a kilometer away

Scientists have developed a way to sniff out tiny amounts of toxic gases a whiff of nerve gas for example or a hint of a chemical spill from up to one kilometer away The new ... - Read More

Traces of Martian biological activity could be locked inside a meteorite

Did Mars ever have life Does it still A meteorite from Mars has reignited the old debate An international team that includes scientists from EPFL has published a paper in the scientific journal Meteoritics and ... - Read More

Chemists identify role of soil in pollution control

Scientists have long known that air pollution caused by cars and trucks solvent use and even plants is reduced when broken down by naturally occurring compounds that act like detergents of the atmosphere What has ... - Read More

Losing air: barrage of small impacts likely erased much of the Earth’s primordial atmosphere

Today's atmosphere likely bears little trace of its primordial self Geochemical evidence suggests that Earth's atmosphere may have been completely obliterated at least twice since its formation more than 4 billion years ago However it's ... - Read More

Logging destabilizes forest soil carbon over time

Logging doesn't immediately jettison carbon stored in a forest's mineral soils into the atmosphere but triggers a gradual release that may contribute to climate change over decades a Dartmouth College study finds The results are ... - Read More

High-tech mirror beams heat away from buildings into space

Stanford engineers have invented a revolutionary coating material that can help cool buildings even on sunny days by radiating heat away from the buildings and sending it directly into space A new ultrathin multilayered material ... - Read More

Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions

Research has identified for the first time how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted A team of researchers from the universities of Southampton Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical ... - Read More

Protons fuel graphene prospects

Published in the journal Nature the discovery could revolutionise fuel cells and other hydrogen based technologies as they require a barrier that only allow protons hydrogen atoms stripped off their electrons to pass through In ... - Read More

Meteorology meets metrology: Climate research high up in the clouds

Barely has the research aircraft HALO entered the kilometre high clouds towering above the Brazilian rainforest than the researchers find themselves in a complete haze but they can rely on the measuring instruments that are ... - Read More

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

Deep-Earth carbon offers clues on origin of life: New organic carbon species linked to formation of diamonds -- and life itself

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet ... - Read More

Robotic ocean gliders aid study of melting polar ice

The rapidly melting ice sheets on the coast of West Antarctica are a potential major contributor to rising ocean levels worldwide Although warm water near the coast is thought to be the main factor causing ... - Read More

NASA’s Orion spacecraft arrives at launch pad, hoisted onto rocket ahead of its first spaceflight

NASA's new Orion spacecraft now is at its launch pad after completing its penultimate journey in the early hours Wednesday It arrived at Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida ... - Read More

Groundwater patches play important role in forest health, water quality

Even during summer dry spells some isolated patches of soil in forested watersheds remain waterlogged These patches act as hot spots of microbial activity that remove nitrogen from groundwater and return it to the atmosphere ... - Read More

Scientists prove possibility of 'impossible' dust transition in turbulent flow

Researchers from MIPT and the Weizmann Institute of Science Israel have predicted the possibility of negative turbophoresis a phenomenon where impurity particles inside a turbulent flow move in an impossible direction The study by Sergei ... - Read More

Massive geographic change may have triggered explosion of animal life

A new analysis of geologic history may help solve the riddle of the Cambrian explosion the rapid diversification of animal life in the fossil record 530 million years ago that has puzzled scientists since the ... - Read More

Ammonium source in open ocean tracked by researchers

To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth's atmosphere and oceans it's important to distinguish human made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally A recent study co authored by a Brown University ... - Read More

Clean smell doesn't always mean clean air

Some of the same chemical reactions that occur in the atmosphere as a result of smog and ozone are actually taking place in your house while you are cleaning A researcher in Drexel's College of ... - Read More

Combing the atmosphere to measure greenhouse gases

By remotely combing the atmosphere with a custom laser based instrument researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST in collaboration with researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA have developed ... - Read More
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