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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Deformable mirror corrects errors

Very high power is needed to cut or weld using a laser beam But this creates its own problem the beam's energy deforms the mirrors that are focusing it to a point When this happens ... - Read More

Control methane now, greenhouse gas expert warns

As the shale gas boom continues the atmosphere receives more methane adding to Earth’s greenhouse gas problem Robert Howarth greenhouse gas expert and ecology and environmental biology professor fears that we may not be many ... - Read More

Fate of methane following Deepwater Horizon spill examined by researchers

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More

Burning issue of hydrocarbons, impacts on human health

Highlights of Prof Hayakawa's research who is currently developing methods to identify metabolites of PAHs and NPAHs in urine and blood Other work include developing the most sensitive method for measuring PAHs and NPAHs showing ... - Read More

Airborne measurements confirm leaks from oil and gas operations

During two days of intensive airborne measurements oil and gas operations in Colorado's Front Range leaked nearly three times as much methane a greenhouse gas as predicted based on inventory estimates and seven times as ... - Read More

Super-charged tropical trees: Borneo’s productive trees vitally important for global carbon cycling

A team of scientists has found that the woody growth of forests in north Borneo is half as great again as in the most productive forests of north west Amazonia an average difference of 3.2 ... - Read More

Greenland melting due equally to global warming, natural variations

The rapid melting of Greenland glaciers is captured in the documentary Chasing Ice The retreat of the ice edge from one year to the next sends more water into the sea Now University of Washington ... - Read More

Sprites form at plasma irregularities in the lower ionosphere

Atmospheric sprites have been known for nearly a century but their origins were a mystery Now a team of researchers has evidence that sprites form at plasma irregularities and may be useful in remote sensing ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

The science of extraterrestrial Olympics, Brad Pitt's punches and Breaking Bad gore

University of Leicester students apply sophisticated scientific principles to pop culture scenarios with intriguing results How would athletes fare if the Winter Olympics were held on Saturn's moon Enceladus How realistic was the grizzly downfall ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Bacteria combat dangerous gas leaks

Bacteria could mop up naturally occurring and human made leaks of natural gases before they are released into the atmosphere and cause global warming according to new research from the University of East Anglia Findings ... - Read More

Rhode Island: Nitrogen cycle differs in bay and sound

A new study reports that anammox a key process in the nitrogen cycle is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound Scientists ... - Read More

Fridges cooled by magnetism? Newly identified 'universal' property of metamagnets may lead to everyday uses

A new physics discovery made by a University of Virginia led team may lead to more efficient refrigerators heat pumps and airport scanners among many possible uses perhaps within a decade The team of physicists ... - Read More

Submarine: 'Virtual periscope' sees above-surface/airborne objects from underwater view

Up periscope may become a submarine commander's outdated order thanks to a team of Technion Israel Institute of Technology researchers who have developed a new technology for viewing objects above the water's surface without a ... - Read More

New record operation temperature for quantum-cascade lasers

For the observation of cold matter in the interstellar medium astronomers need instruments for the detection of terahertz radiation Specific high resolution instruments are based on terahertz quantum cascade lasers but operate only at cryogenic ... - Read More
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