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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

New ozone-destroying gases on the rise; not controlled by treaty

Scientists report that chemicals that are not controlled by a United Nations treaty designed to protect the Ozone Layer are contributing to ozone depletion In the new study published today in Nature Geoscience the scientists ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

Going negative with carbon

To combat climate change President Obama has called for an 80 percent reduction in carbon dioxide CO2 emissions by 2050. To help achieve this goal the President has encouraged big investments in wind solar and ... - Read More

Geoengineering report: Scientists urge more research on climate intervention

Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions while necessary may not happen soon enough to stave off climate catastrophe So in addition the world may need to resort to so called geoengineering approaches that aim to ... - Read More

Advent of geoengineering may help lower temperature of debate over climate change

Geoengineering an emerging technology aimed at counteracting the effects of human caused climate change also has the potential to counteract political polarization over global warming according to a new study Published Feb 9 in the ... - Read More

Carbon release from ocean helped end the Ice Age

A release of carbon dioxide CO2 from the deep ocean helped bring an end to the last Ice Age according to new collaborative research by the University of Southampton Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB the ... - Read More

Boston's leaky pipes release high levels of heat-trapping methane

Imagine if every time you filled your car with gas a few gallons didn't make it into the tank and instead spilled onto the ground That's essentially what happens every day with the aging system ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

Atmospheric rivers, cloud-creating aerosol particles, and california reservoirs

In the midst of the California rainy season scientists are embarking on a field campaign designed to improve the understanding of the natural and human caused phenomena that determine when and how the state gets ... - Read More

Peat fire emissions may shed light on climate change

Wildfires which send hot flames and smoke high into the air create black carbon emissions associated with climate change and risk to human health Carbon emissions from wildfires in the contiguous U S are expected ... - Read More

NASA mountaintop sensor finds high methane over Los Angeles

A NASA study using two years of observations from a novel mountaintop instrument finds that Los Angeles' annual emissions of methane an important greenhouse gas are 18 to 61 percent higher than widely used estimates ... - Read More

NASA satellite set to get the dirt on Earth's soil moisture

A new NASA satellite that will peer into the topmost layer of Earth's soils to measure the hidden waters that influence our weather and climate is in final preparations for a Jan 29 dawn launch ... - Read More

NASA, NOAA find 2014 warmest year in modern record

The year 2014 ranks as Earth's warmest since 1880 according to two separate analyses by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA scientists The 10 warmest years in the instrumental record with the exception ... - Read More

Sensors could give machines more accurate sense of smell than that of humans

Scientists have come up with a way of creating sensors which could allow machines to smell more accurately humans Every odour has its own specific pattern which our noses are able to identify Using a ... - Read More

Chemical analysis of ancient rocks reveals earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere: Isotopic memory of atmospheric persistence

Chemical analysis of some of the world's oldest rocks by an international team led by McGill University researchers has provided the earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere The results show that the air 4 billion ... - Read More

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

New planetary dashboard shows 'great acceleration' in human activity since 1950

Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More

Nearly half the systems crucial to stability of planet compromised

Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More
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