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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Air pollution increases river-flows, study shows

A study published in Nature Geoscience shows that air pollution has had a significant impact on the amount of water flowing through many rivers in the northern hemisphere The paper shows how such pollution known ... - Read More

Researchers Study Vital 'On/Off Switches' That Control When Bacteria Turn Deadly

No matter how many times it’s demonstrated it’s still hard to envision bacteria as social communicating creatures But by using a signaling system called “quorum sensing ” these single celled organisms radically alter their behavior ... - Read More

Atmosphere in northern hemisphere has lower self-cleaning capacity than previously thought

Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed An international research team that includes researchers from Wageningen University established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl OH is ... - Read More

New NASA probe will study Earth's forests in 3-D

A laser based instrument being developed for the International Space Station will provide a unique 3 D view of Earth's forests helping to fill in missing information about their role in the carbon cycle Called ... - Read More

Agricultural revolution in Africa could increase global carbon emissions

Productivity boosting agricultural innovations in Africa could lead to an increase in global deforestation rates and carbon emissions a Purdue University study finds Historically improvements in agricultural technology have conserved land and decreased carbon emissions ... - Read More

Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food

The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food a new study suggests Elevated carbon dioxide levels impaired the ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans, WMO report finds

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013 propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide This is according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More

Declining levels of acidity in Sierra Nevada lakes, study concludes

California's water supply depends on a clean snow pack and healthy mountain lakes The lakes receive a large amount of runoff in the spring from the melting snowpack If the snowpack is polluted the lakes ... - Read More

To clean air and beyond: Catching greenhouse gases with advanced membranes

Researchers in Japan have engineered a membrane with advanced features capable of removing harmful greenhouse gases from the atmosphere Their findings published in the British journal Nature Communications may one day contribute to lower greenhouse ... - Read More

Clues to trapping carbon dioxide in rock: Calcium carbonate takes multiple, simultaneous roads to different minerals

One of the most important molecules on earth calcium carbonate crystallizes into chalk shells and minerals the world over In a study led by the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used a ... - Read More

Birth of a Mineral

or ACC which could be liquid or solid might also be a reservoir for sprouting minerals To find out the team created a miniature lab under a transmission electron microscope at the Molecular Foundry a ... - Read More

Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins

Some species of marine phytoplankton such as the prolific bloomer Emiliania huxleyi can grow without consuming vitamin B1 thiamine researchers have discovered The finding contradicts the common view that E huxleyi and many other eukaryotic ... - Read More

Southwest U.S. may face 'megadrought' this century

Because of global warming scientists say the chances of the southwestern United States experiencing a decade long drought is at least 50 percent and the chances of a megadrought one that lasts over 30 years ... - Read More

Gasification of oil palm biomass to produce clean producer gas for heat, power generation

This technology can simultaneously remove impurities and produce clean gas for heat and power generation from waste biomass The process of burning fossil fuels such as petroleum coal and natural gas releases huge amounts of ... - Read More

Global warming pioneer calls for carbon dioxide to be taken from atmosphere and stored underground

Wally Broeker the first person to alert the world to global warming has called for atmospheric CO2 to be captured and stored underground He says that carbon capture combined with limits on fossil fuel emissions ... - Read More

Atmospheric Mercury Review Raises Concerns of Environmental Impact

Released 28 Aug 2014 10 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Arkansas at Little Rock more news from this source Expert Available Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Energy and Emissions Control ... - Read More

Combustion mechanism to better predict warming by wildfires uncovered by scientists

Scientists have uncovered key attributes of so called brown carbon from wildfires airborne atmospheric particles that may have influenced current climate models that failed to take the material's warming effects into account The work was ... - Read More

How to power California with wind, water and sun

New Stanford research outlines the path to a possible future for California in which renewable energy creates a healthier environment generates jobs and stabilizes energy prices Imagine a smog free Los Angeles where electric cars ... - Read More

Getting a charge out of water droplets: Water jumping from a superhydrophobic surface can be harnessed to produce electricity

Last year MIT researchers discovered that when water droplets spontaneously jump away from superhydrophobic surfaces during condensation they can gain electric charge in the process Now the same team has demonstrated that this process can ... - Read More
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