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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Small eddies produce global effects on climate change

The increasing strength of winds over the Southern Ocean has extended its ability to absorb carbon dioxide effectively delaying the impacts of global warming New research published in the Journal of Physical Research found the ... - Read More

Evidence from glacier ice: Until it was banned, leaded gasoline dominated the humanmade lead emissions in South America

Leaded gasoline was a larger emission source of the toxic heavy metal lead than mining in South America even though the extraction of metals from the region's mines historically released huge quantities of lead into ... - Read More

Atmosphere above Africa: Clouds and aerosol measurements

From Saharan dust storms to icy clouds to smoke on the opposite side of the continent the first image from NASA's newest cloud and aerosol measuring instrument provides a profile of the atmosphere above Africa ... - Read More

Hidden hazards found in 'green' products

A University of Melbourne researcher has found that common consumer products including those marketed as 'green' 'all natural' 'non toxic' and 'organic' emit a range of compounds that could harm human health and air quality ... - Read More

Snffing out origins of methane: instrument identifies methane's origins in mines, deep-sea vents, and cows

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas second only to carbon dioxide in its capacity to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere for a long time The gas can originate from lakes and swamps natural gas pipelines ... - Read More

Lightning plus volcanic ash make glass

In their open access paper for Geology Kimberly Genareau and colleagues propose for the first time a mechanism for the generation of glass spherules in geologic deposits through the occurrence of volcanic lightning The existence ... - Read More

Solar cells to get growth boost, price cut

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University's OIST Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit have found that growing a type of film used to manufacture solar cells in ambient air gives ... - Read More

Metabolic path to improved biofuel production

Researchers with the Energy Biosciences Institute EBI a partnership that includes the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab and the University of California UC Berkeley have found a way to increase the production of fuels ... - Read More

Methane oxidation fuelled by algal oxygen production

Methane emissions are strongly reduced in lakes with anoxic bottom waters But here contrary to what has previously been assumed methane removal is not due to archaea or anaerobic bacteria A new study on Lake ... - Read More

Mystery solved: Why seashells' mineral forms differently in seawater

For almost a century scientists have been puzzled by a process that is crucial to much of the life in Earth's oceans Why does calcium carbonate the tough material of seashells and corals sometimes take ... - Read More

New tech could significantly cut carbon dioxide emissions

A new provisionally patented technology from a New Mexico State University researcher could revolutionize carbon dioxide capture and have a significant impact on reducing pollution worldwide With support from NMSU faculty members Abbas Ghassemi Reza ... - Read More

Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink

In a high carbon dioxide world the trees would come out ahead Except for the munching bugs A new study published in Nature Plants shows that hungry plant eating insects may limit the ability of ... - Read More

World's challenges demand science changes -- and fast, experts say

World's challenges demand science changes and fast experts say The world has little use and precious little time for detached experts A group of scientists each of them experts makes a compelling case in this ... - Read More

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Looking back into the past of oceans: Acidification trends, seasonal fluctuations

Next to global warming ocean acidification is currently considered as the second major carbon dioxide problem With the increase of carbon dioxide CO2 in the atmosphere larger quantities of the gas are getting into the ... - Read More

Recycling of nutrients may be the key to saving Earth

Leakages of nutrients necessary for food production especially nitrogen and phosphorus cause severe eutrophication to the Earth's aquatic ecosystems and promote climate change However this threat also hides an opportunity An enhancement of the nutrient ... - Read More

Methane leaks from three large US natural gas fields in line with federal estimates

Tens of thousands of pounds of methane leak per hour from equipment in three major natural gas basins that span Texas Louisiana Arkansas and Pennsylvania according to airborne measurements published today But the overall leak ... - Read More

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

New ozone-destroying gases on the rise; not controlled by treaty

Scientists report that chemicals that are not controlled by a United Nations treaty designed to protect the Ozone Layer are contributing to ozone depletion In the new study published today in Nature Geoscience the scientists ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More
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