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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Epoch-defining study pinpoints when humans came to dominate planet Earth

The human dominated geological epoch known as the Anthropocene probably began around the year 1610 with an unusual drop in atmospheric carbon dioxide and the irreversible exchange of species between the New and Old Worlds ... - Read More

New material captures carbon at half the energy cost

UC Berkeley chemists have made a major leap forward in carbon capture technology with a material that can efficiently remove carbon from the ambient air of a submarine as readily as from the polluted emissions ... - Read More

Physics of clouds: Long-held ideas about turbulence disproven

In 1941 Russian physicist Andrey Kolmogorov developed a theory of turbulence that has served as the basic foundation for our understanding of this important naturally occurring phenomenon Turbulence occurs when fluid flow is characterized by ... - Read More

New information helps predict future climate change impacts on global tropics

Researchers at the University of Montana Princeton University Stanford University and Rutgers University among others are collecting new measurements of tropical forests to gain a better understanding of how they respond to seasonal climate variations ... - Read More

Methane in Arctic lake traced to groundwater from seasonal thawing

Global warming may ramp up the flow of methane from groundwater into Arctic lakes allowing more of the potent greenhouse gas to bubble out into the atmosphere according to a new study led by researchers ... - Read More

Small eddies produce global effects on climate change

The increasing strength of winds over the Southern Ocean has extended its ability to absorb carbon dioxide effectively delaying the impacts of global warming New research published in the Journal of Physical Research found the ... - Read More

Evidence from glacier ice: Until it was banned, leaded gasoline dominated the humanmade lead emissions in South America

Leaded gasoline was a larger emission source of the toxic heavy metal lead than mining in South America even though the extraction of metals from the region's mines historically released huge quantities of lead into ... - Read More

Atmosphere above Africa: Clouds and aerosol measurements

From Saharan dust storms to icy clouds to smoke on the opposite side of the continent the first image from NASA's newest cloud and aerosol measuring instrument provides a profile of the atmosphere above Africa ... - Read More

Hidden hazards found in 'green' products

A University of Melbourne researcher has found that common consumer products including those marketed as 'green' 'all natural' 'non toxic' and 'organic' emit a range of compounds that could harm human health and air quality ... - Read More

Snffing out origins of methane: instrument identifies methane's origins in mines, deep-sea vents, and cows

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas second only to carbon dioxide in its capacity to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere for a long time The gas can originate from lakes and swamps natural gas pipelines ... - Read More

Lightning plus volcanic ash make glass

In their open access paper for Geology Kimberly Genareau and colleagues propose for the first time a mechanism for the generation of glass spherules in geologic deposits through the occurrence of volcanic lightning The existence ... - Read More

Solar cells to get growth boost, price cut

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University's OIST Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit have found that growing a type of film used to manufacture solar cells in ambient air gives ... - Read More

Metabolic path to improved biofuel production

Researchers with the Energy Biosciences Institute EBI a partnership that includes the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab and the University of California UC Berkeley have found a way to increase the production of fuels ... - Read More

Methane oxidation fuelled by algal oxygen production

Methane emissions are strongly reduced in lakes with anoxic bottom waters But here contrary to what has previously been assumed methane removal is not due to archaea or anaerobic bacteria A new study on Lake ... - Read More

Mystery solved: Why seashells' mineral forms differently in seawater

For almost a century scientists have been puzzled by a process that is crucial to much of the life in Earth's oceans Why does calcium carbonate the tough material of seashells and corals sometimes take ... - Read More

New tech could significantly cut carbon dioxide emissions

A new provisionally patented technology from a New Mexico State University researcher could revolutionize carbon dioxide capture and have a significant impact on reducing pollution worldwide With support from NMSU faculty members Abbas Ghassemi Reza ... - Read More

Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink

In a high carbon dioxide world the trees would come out ahead Except for the munching bugs A new study published in Nature Plants shows that hungry plant eating insects may limit the ability of ... - Read More

World's challenges demand science changes -- and fast, experts say

World's challenges demand science changes and fast experts say The world has little use and precious little time for detached experts A group of scientists each of them experts makes a compelling case in this ... - Read More

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Looking back into the past of oceans: Acidification trends, seasonal fluctuations

Next to global warming ocean acidification is currently considered as the second major carbon dioxide problem With the increase of carbon dioxide CO2 in the atmosphere larger quantities of the gas are getting into the ... - Read More
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