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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

Geologists study mystery of 'eternal flames'

Geologists
Eternal flames fueled by hydrocarbon gas could shine a light on the presence of natural gas in underground rock layers and conditions that let it seep to the surface according to research by geologists at ... - Read More

Brighter clouds, cooler climate? Organic vapors affect clouds, leading to previously unidentified climate cooling

Climate, climate
University of Manchester scientists writing in the journal Nature Geoscience have shown that natural emissions and humanmade pollutants can both have an unexpected cooling effect on Earth's climate by making clouds brighter Clouds are made ... - Read More

As climate changes, boreal forests to shift north and relinquish more carbon than expected

Carbon, Climate, climate, carbon
It's difficult to imagine how a degree or two of warming will affect a location Will it rain less What will happen to the area's vegetation New Berkeley Lab research offers a way to envision ... - Read More

Storm study reveals a sting in the tail

Weather
Meteorologists have gained a better understanding of how storms like the one that battered Britain in 1987 develop making them easier to predict Share This See Also Weather Severe Weather Storms Earth Science Atmosphere Geography ... - Read More

Lake found in Sierra Nevada with the oldest remains of atmospheric contamination in Southern Europe

Atmospheric
A team of scientists find in the Laguna de Rio Seco lagoon at an altitude of 3 020 m evidence of atmospheric pollution caused by lead and linked to metallurgical activities from 3 900 years ... - Read More

Exploring the saltiness of the ocean to study climate change

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
Details are emerging from a recent research expedition to the Sub Tropical North Atlantic The objective of the expedition was to study the salt concentration salinity of the upper ocean Scientists aboard the Spanish research ... - Read More

Scientists investigate release of bromine in polar regions

Ozone, Ozone
The chemical element bromine whose compounds contribute significantly to the depletion of ozone in the lower atmosphere is also released in polar regions to a great extent from snow on land This is the result ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Keeping beverages cool in summer: I''s not just the heat, it's the humidity

Heat, Beverages
In spring a person's thoughts turn to important matters like how best to keep your drink cold on a hot day Though this quest is probably as old as civilization University of Washington climate scientists ... - Read More

Unique Chemistry Reveals Eruption of Ancient Materials Once at Earth's Surface

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” said Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in Boston ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive New research from a team including Carnegie's Erik ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

Biological activity alters the ability of sea spray to seed clouds

sea, biological
Ocean biology alters the chemical composition of sea spray in ways that influence its ability to form clouds over the ocean That's the conclusion of a team of scientists using a new approach to study ... - Read More

Rivers act as 'horizontal cooling towers' for power plants, study finds

Plants, plants
Running two computer models in tandem scientists from the University of New Hampshire have detailed for the first time how thermoelectric power plants interact with climate hydrology and aquatic ecosystems throughout the northeastern U S ... - Read More

Nitrogen has key role in estimating carbon dioxide emissions from land use change

Emissions
A new global scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies ... - Read More
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