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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Keeping beverages cool in summer: I''s not just the heat, it's the humidity

Heat, Beverages
In spring a person's thoughts turn to important matters like how best to keep your drink cold on a hot day Though this quest is probably as old as civilization University of Washington climate scientists ... - Read More

Unique Chemistry Reveals Eruption of Ancient Materials Once at Earth's Surface

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” said Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in Boston ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive New research from a team including Carnegie's Erik ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

Biological activity alters the ability of sea spray to seed clouds

sea, biological
Ocean biology alters the chemical composition of sea spray in ways that influence its ability to form clouds over the ocean That's the conclusion of a team of scientists using a new approach to study ... - Read More

Rivers act as 'horizontal cooling towers' for power plants, study finds

Plants, plants
Running two computer models in tandem scientists from the University of New Hampshire have detailed for the first time how thermoelectric power plants interact with climate hydrology and aquatic ecosystems throughout the northeastern U S ... - Read More

Nitrogen has key role in estimating carbon dioxide emissions from land use change

Emissions
A new global scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies ... - Read More

Nitrogen has key role in estimating CO2 emissions from land use change

Emissions
A new global scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies ... - Read More

Scientists discover new materials to capture methane

New materials
Scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL and UC Berkeley and have discovered new materials to capture methane the second highest concentration greenhouse gas emitted into the atmosphere Share This See Also Petroleum Materials Science ... - Read More

Cutting specific pollutants would slow sea level rise, research indicates

Pollutants, sea
With coastal areas bracing for rising sea levels new research indicates that cutting emissions of certain pollutants can greatly slow down sea level rise this century Share This See Also Global Warming Climate Air Quality ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide removal can lower costs of climate protection

Protection
Directly removing CO2 from the air has the potential to alter the costs of climate change mitigation It could allow prolonging greenhouse gas emissions from sectors like transport that are difficult thus expensive to turn ... - Read More

New technique measures evaporation globally

Evaporation
Researchers at Columbia Engineering and Boston University have developed the first method to map evaporation globally using weather stations which will help scientists evaluate water resource management assess recent trends of evaporation throughout the globe ... - Read More

Reaction rates of second key atmospheric component measured

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories' Combustion Research Facility the University of Manchester Bristol University University of Southampton and Hong Kong Polytechnic have successfully measured reaction rates of a second Criegee intermediate CH3CHOO and proven that ... - Read More

Ocean nutrients a key component of future change, say scientists

Ocean, Ocean
Variations in nutrient availability in the world's oceans could be a vital component of future environmental change according to a multi author review paper involving the National Oceanography Centre Southampton NOCS Share This See Also ... - Read More

Pioneering study calculates Arctic Ocean nutrient budget

Ocean, Ocean
The first study of its kind to calculate the amount of nutrients entering and leaving the Arctic Ocean has been carried out by scientists based at the National Oceanography Centre Southampton Share This See Also ... - Read More

Urban grass might be greener, but that doesn't mean it's 'greener'

Carbon, carbon
New research from the University of Cincinnati shows how some things you do to make your lawn green might not be conducive to going green Share This See Also Nature Soil Types Extreme Survival Global ... - Read More
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