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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Tropical upper atmosphere 'fingerprint' of global warming

Global warming, Atmosphere, Global warming, Atmosphere
In the tropics at heights more than 10 miles above the surface the prevailing winds alternate between strong easterlies and strong westerlies roughly every other year This slow heartbeat in the tropical upper atmosphere referred ... - Read More

Volcanoes cause climate gas concentrations to vary

Gas
Trace gases and aerosols are major factors influencing the climate With the help of highly complex installations such as MIPAS on board of the ENVISAT satellite researchers try to better understand the processes in the ... - Read More

Climate change and wildfire

climate, climate, climate, climate, Climate, Climate, Climate, Climate, Climate, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, Climate change, climate
Concerns continue to grow about the effects of climate change on fire Wildfires are expected to increase 50 percent across the United States under a changing climate over 100 percent in areas of the West ... - Read More

Origins of life: In early Earth, iron helped RNA catalyze electron transfer

Earth, earth
A new study shows how complex biochemical transformations may have been possible under conditions that existed when life began on the early Earth The study shows that RNA is capable of catalyzing electron transfer under ... - Read More

Earth's iron core is surprisingly weak

earth, Earth
Researchers have used a diamond anvil cell to squeeze iron at pressures as high as 3 million times that felt at sea level to recreate conditions at the center of Earth The findings could refine ... - Read More

In Early Earth, Iron Helped RNA Catalyze Electron Transfer

Released 5 14 2013 9 50 PM EDTEmbargo expired 5 19 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology Research Communications more news from this source May 19 2013 A new study shows ... - Read More

Research into carbon storage in Arctic tundra reveals unexpected insight into ecosystem resiliency

Carbon, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, carbon
When UC Santa Barbara doctoral student Seeta Sistla and her adviser environmental studies professor Josh Schimel went north not long ago to study how long term warming in the Arctic affects carbon storage they had ... - Read More

Electronics comes to paper: Paper, being light and foldable, works well for electrically conducting structures

Light, Light
Paper being a light and foldable raw material is a cost efficient and simple means of generating electrically conducting structures Paper is becoming a high tech material Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids ... - Read More

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

Geologists study mystery of 'eternal flames'

Geologists
Eternal flames fueled by hydrocarbon gas could shine a light on the presence of natural gas in underground rock layers and conditions that let it seep to the surface according to research by geologists at ... - Read More

Brighter clouds, cooler climate? Organic vapors affect clouds, leading to previously unidentified climate cooling

Climate, climate
University of Manchester scientists writing in the journal Nature Geoscience have shown that natural emissions and humanmade pollutants can both have an unexpected cooling effect on Earth's climate by making clouds brighter Clouds are made ... - Read More

As climate changes, boreal forests to shift north and relinquish more carbon than expected

Carbon, Climate, climate, carbon
It's difficult to imagine how a degree or two of warming will affect a location Will it rain less What will happen to the area's vegetation New Berkeley Lab research offers a way to envision ... - Read More

Storm study reveals a sting in the tail

Weather
Meteorologists have gained a better understanding of how storms like the one that battered Britain in 1987 develop making them easier to predict Share This See Also Weather Severe Weather Storms Earth Science Atmosphere Geography ... - Read More

Lake found in Sierra Nevada with the oldest remains of atmospheric contamination in Southern Europe

Atmospheric
A team of scientists find in the Laguna de Rio Seco lagoon at an altitude of 3 020 m evidence of atmospheric pollution caused by lead and linked to metallurgical activities from 3 900 years ... - Read More

Exploring the saltiness of the ocean to study climate change

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
Details are emerging from a recent research expedition to the Sub Tropical North Atlantic The objective of the expedition was to study the salt concentration salinity of the upper ocean Scientists aboard the Spanish research ... - Read More

Scientists investigate release of bromine in polar regions

Ozone, Ozone
The chemical element bromine whose compounds contribute significantly to the depletion of ozone in the lower atmosphere is also released in polar regions to a great extent from snow on land This is the result ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Keeping beverages cool in summer: I''s not just the heat, it's the humidity

Heat, Beverages
In spring a person's thoughts turn to important matters like how best to keep your drink cold on a hot day Though this quest is probably as old as civilization University of Washington climate scientists ... - Read More

Unique Chemistry Reveals Eruption of Ancient Materials Once at Earth's Surface

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” said Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in Boston ... - Read More
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