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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Cluster spacecraft detects elusive space wind

Cluster, Space
A new study provides the first conclusive proof of the existence of a space wind first proposed theoretically over 20 years ago By analysing data from the European Space Agency's Cluster spacecraft researcher Iannis Dandouras ... - Read More

Nuke test radiation can fight poachers who kill elephants, rhinos, hippos

Radiation, Radiation, Radiation
University of Utah researchers developed a new weapon to fight poachers who kill elephants hippos rhinos and other wildlife By measuring radioactive carbon 14 deposited in tusks and teeth by open air nuclear bomb tests ... - Read More

The quantum secret to alcohol reactions in space

Chemists have discovered that an 'impossible' reaction at cold temperatures actually occurs with vigour which could change our understanding of how alcohols are formed and destroyed in space To explain the impossible the researchers propose ... - Read More

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

Ocean, Ocean
To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira They find that all existing coral ... - Read More

Underwater springs reveal how coral reefs respond to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
Ocean acidification due to rising carbon dioxide levels will reduce the density of coral skeletons making coral reefs more vulnerable to disruption and erosion according to a new study of corals growing where submarine springs ... - Read More

'Cold snap' 116 million years ago triggered marine ecosystem crisis

Ecosystem, Ecosystem, marine, Marine
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Global cooling as significant as global warming, study of marine ecosystems during Cretaceous period shows

Ecosystems
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Noble gases hitch a ride on hydrous minerals

Minerals, Minerals
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

Study of oceans' past raises worries about their future

Oceans
The ocean the Titanic sailed through just over 100 years ago was very different from the one we swim in today Global warming is increasing ocean temperatures and harming marine food webs Nitrogen run off ... - Read More

New catalyst neutralizes gases responsible for climate change

Catalyst
New technology developed by the Research Group in Carbon Materials and Environmental prevents nitrous oxide decomposing it into nontoxic products The catalytic system is active efficient and stable over time and can purify gases emitted ... - Read More

'Self-cleaning' pollution-control technology could do more harm than good, study suggests

Research by Indiana University environmental scientists shows that air pollution removal technology used in self cleaning paints and building surfaces may actually cause more problems than they solve The study finds that titanium dioxide coatings ... - Read More

Discovery of new material state counterintuitive to laws of physics

New material
When you squeeze something it gets smaller Unless you're at Argonne National Laboratory At the suburban Chicago laboratory a group of scientists has seemingly defied the laws of physics and found a way to apply ... - Read More

Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification

sea
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide absorption in Antarctic seas

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Moving Iron in Antarctica

Carbon, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Is a sleeping climate giant stirring in the Arctic?

Climate, climate
Flying low and slow above the wild pristine terrain of Alaska's North Slope in a specially instrumented NASA plane research scientist Charles Miller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif surveys the endless whiteness of ... - Read More

Wood not so green a biofuel? Logging may have greater impact on carbon emissions than previously thought

Green, Emissions
Using wood for energy is considered cleaner than fossil fuels but a Dartmouth College led study finds that logging may release large amounts of carbon stored in deep forest soils Global atmospheric studies often don't ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More
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