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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Scientists outline long-term sea-level rise in response to warming of planet

sea
A new study estimates that global sea levels will rise about 2.3 meters or more than seven feet over the next several thousand years for every degree Celsius the planet warms This international study is ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide spurs wetlands to absorb more carbon

Carbon, carbon
form molecules of three carbon atoms during photosynthesis and they tend to photosynthesize more as atmospheric CO2 rises C4 plants form molecules of four carbon atoms But for C4 plants photosynthesis is saturated with CO2 ... - Read More

Smoke from Canadian wildfires observed in Europe

System
This summer Canada is experiencing unusually extensive wildfires This week alone 341 new forest fires have consumed a total area of 616 000 hectares The smoke clouds produced by the fires in Canada have now ... - Read More

Individual atoms imaged in a living catalytic reaction

Reaction, Reaction
Groundbreaking new electron microscopy technology developed at the York JEOL Nanocentre at the University of York is allowing researchers to observe and analyse single atoms small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in situ experiments for ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

Arctic sea ice during the Pliocene era

New research by UM bioclimatology Assistant Professor Ashley Ballantyne models the influence of Arctic sea ice on Arctic temperatures during the Pliocene era His research was published in the Research Highlight section of the July ... - Read More

Trees use water more efficiently as atmospheric carbon dioxide rises

Atmospheric
Spurred by increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide forests over the last two decades have become dramatically more efficient in how they use water a Harvard study has found Studies have long predicted that plants ... - Read More

Nanomaterial to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions

University of Adelaide researchers have developed a new nanomaterial that could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal fired power stations The new nanomaterial described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society efficiently separates ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Improved interpretation of volcanic traces in ice

Ice
How severely have volcanoes contaminated the atmosphere with sulfur particles in past millennia To answer this question scientists use ice cores among others as climate archives But the results differ particularly in some major volcanic ... - Read More

Researchers warn of legacy mercury in the environment

Environment, Mercury
Environmental researchers at Harvard University have published evidence that significant reductions in mercury emissions will be necessary just to stabilize current levels of the toxic element in the environment So much mercury persists in surface ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Cluster spacecraft detects elusive space wind

Cluster, Space
A new study provides the first conclusive proof of the existence of a space wind first proposed theoretically over 20 years ago By analysing data from the European Space Agency's Cluster spacecraft researcher Iannis Dandouras ... - Read More

Nuke test radiation can fight poachers who kill elephants, rhinos, hippos

Radiation, Radiation, Radiation
University of Utah researchers developed a new weapon to fight poachers who kill elephants hippos rhinos and other wildlife By measuring radioactive carbon 14 deposited in tusks and teeth by open air nuclear bomb tests ... - Read More

The quantum secret to alcohol reactions in space

Chemists have discovered that an 'impossible' reaction at cold temperatures actually occurs with vigour which could change our understanding of how alcohols are formed and destroyed in space To explain the impossible the researchers propose ... - Read More

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

Ocean, Ocean
To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira They find that all existing coral ... - Read More

Underwater springs reveal how coral reefs respond to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
Ocean acidification due to rising carbon dioxide levels will reduce the density of coral skeletons making coral reefs more vulnerable to disruption and erosion according to a new study of corals growing where submarine springs ... - Read More

'Cold snap' 116 million years ago triggered marine ecosystem crisis

Ecosystem, Ecosystem, marine, Marine
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Global cooling as significant as global warming, study of marine ecosystems during Cretaceous period shows

Ecosystems
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Noble gases hitch a ride on hydrous minerals

Minerals, Minerals
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More
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