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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Airborne campaign preparing to probe pollution-climate link

Probe
The floor of a NASA hangar and an adjacent laboratory in Southern California's high desert have been in constant motion this month as scientists prepare their instruments for installation on two of the agency's specialized ... - Read More

Water clears path for nanoribbon development

New research at Rice University shows how water makes it practical to form long graphene nanoribbons less than 10 nanometers wide And it's unlikely that many of the other labs currently trying to harness the ... - Read More

Rocks can restore our climate ... after 300,000 years

A study of a global warming event that happened 93 million years ago suggests that the Earth can recover from high carbon dioxide emissions faster than thought but that this process takes around 300 000 ... - Read More

Deciphering the air-sea communication: Ocean significantly affects long-term climate fluctuations

Fluctuations, Communication, sea
Why does hurricane activity vary from decade to decade Or rainfall in the Sahel region And why are the trans Atlantic changes frequently in sync A German Russian research team has investigated the role of ... - Read More

Quantum of sonics: Bonded, not stirred

Researchers at McGill University have discovered a new way to join materials together using ultrasound Ultrasound sound so high it cannot be heard is normally used to smash particles apart in water In a recent ... - Read More

Direct nitrogen fixation for low cost energy conversion

Nitrogen, nitrogen
A simple low cost and eco friendly method of creating nitrogen doped graphene nanoplatelets NGnPs which could be used in dye sensitized solar cells and fuel cells is published in Scientific Reports today The work ... - Read More

First atlas on oceanic plankton

Ocean, organisms, Ocean, organisms
In an international collaborative project scientists have recorded the times places and concentrations of oceanic plankton occurrences worldwide Their data has been collected in a global atlas that covers organisms from bacteria to krill Oceans ... - Read More

Scientists discover new variability in iron supply to the oceans with climate implications

Oceans
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed with implications for future climate prediction Iron is key to the removal of ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

In the zone: How scientists search for habitable planets

Planets
There is only one planet we know of so far that is drenched with life That planet is Earth as you may have guessed and it has all the right conditions for critters to thrive ... - Read More

Scientists outline long-term sea-level rise in response to warming of planet

sea
A new study estimates that global sea levels will rise about 2.3 meters or more than seven feet over the next several thousand years for every degree Celsius the planet warms This international study is ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide spurs wetlands to absorb more carbon

Carbon, carbon
form molecules of three carbon atoms during photosynthesis and they tend to photosynthesize more as atmospheric CO2 rises C4 plants form molecules of four carbon atoms But for C4 plants photosynthesis is saturated with CO2 ... - Read More

Smoke from Canadian wildfires observed in Europe

System
This summer Canada is experiencing unusually extensive wildfires This week alone 341 new forest fires have consumed a total area of 616 000 hectares The smoke clouds produced by the fires in Canada have now ... - Read More

Individual atoms imaged in a living catalytic reaction

Reaction, Reaction
Groundbreaking new electron microscopy technology developed at the York JEOL Nanocentre at the University of York is allowing researchers to observe and analyse single atoms small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in situ experiments for ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

Arctic sea ice during the Pliocene era

New research by UM bioclimatology Assistant Professor Ashley Ballantyne models the influence of Arctic sea ice on Arctic temperatures during the Pliocene era His research was published in the Research Highlight section of the July ... - Read More

Trees use water more efficiently as atmospheric carbon dioxide rises

Atmospheric
Spurred by increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide forests over the last two decades have become dramatically more efficient in how they use water a Harvard study has found Studies have long predicted that plants ... - Read More

Nanomaterial to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions

University of Adelaide researchers have developed a new nanomaterial that could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal fired power stations The new nanomaterial described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society efficiently separates ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Improved interpretation of volcanic traces in ice

Ice
How severely have volcanoes contaminated the atmosphere with sulfur particles in past millennia To answer this question scientists use ice cores among others as climate archives But the results differ particularly in some major volcanic ... - Read More
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