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News articles about "Atmosphere"

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Looking back into the past of oceans: Acidification trends, seasonal fluctuations

Next to global warming ocean acidification is currently considered as the second major carbon dioxide problem With the increase of carbon dioxide CO2 in the atmosphere larger quantities of the gas are getting into the ... - Read More

Recycling of nutrients may be the key to saving Earth

Leakages of nutrients necessary for food production especially nitrogen and phosphorus cause severe eutrophication to the Earth's aquatic ecosystems and promote climate change However this threat also hides an opportunity An enhancement of the nutrient ... - Read More

Methane leaks from three large US natural gas fields in line with federal estimates

Tens of thousands of pounds of methane leak per hour from equipment in three major natural gas basins that span Texas Louisiana Arkansas and Pennsylvania according to airborne measurements published today But the overall leak ... - Read More

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

New ozone-destroying gases on the rise; not controlled by treaty

Scientists report that chemicals that are not controlled by a United Nations treaty designed to protect the Ozone Layer are contributing to ozone depletion In the new study published today in Nature Geoscience the scientists ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

Going negative with carbon

To combat climate change President Obama has called for an 80 percent reduction in carbon dioxide CO2 emissions by 2050. To help achieve this goal the President has encouraged big investments in wind solar and ... - Read More

Geoengineering report: Scientists urge more research on climate intervention

Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions while necessary may not happen soon enough to stave off climate catastrophe So in addition the world may need to resort to so called geoengineering approaches that aim to ... - Read More

Advent of geoengineering may help lower temperature of debate over climate change

Geoengineering an emerging technology aimed at counteracting the effects of human caused climate change also has the potential to counteract political polarization over global warming according to a new study Published Feb 9 in the ... - Read More

Carbon release from ocean helped end the Ice Age

A release of carbon dioxide CO2 from the deep ocean helped bring an end to the last Ice Age according to new collaborative research by the University of Southampton Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB the ... - Read More

Boston's leaky pipes release high levels of heat-trapping methane

Imagine if every time you filled your car with gas a few gallons didn't make it into the tank and instead spilled onto the ground That's essentially what happens every day with the aging system ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

Atmospheric rivers, cloud-creating aerosol particles, and california reservoirs

In the midst of the California rainy season scientists are embarking on a field campaign designed to improve the understanding of the natural and human caused phenomena that determine when and how the state gets ... - Read More

Peat fire emissions may shed light on climate change

Wildfires which send hot flames and smoke high into the air create black carbon emissions associated with climate change and risk to human health Carbon emissions from wildfires in the contiguous U S are expected ... - Read More

NASA mountaintop sensor finds high methane over Los Angeles

A NASA study using two years of observations from a novel mountaintop instrument finds that Los Angeles' annual emissions of methane an important greenhouse gas are 18 to 61 percent higher than widely used estimates ... - Read More

NASA satellite set to get the dirt on Earth's soil moisture

A new NASA satellite that will peer into the topmost layer of Earth's soils to measure the hidden waters that influence our weather and climate is in final preparations for a Jan 29 dawn launch ... - Read More

NASA, NOAA find 2014 warmest year in modern record

The year 2014 ranks as Earth's warmest since 1880 according to two separate analyses by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA scientists The 10 warmest years in the instrumental record with the exception ... - Read More

Sensors could give machines more accurate sense of smell than that of humans

Scientists have come up with a way of creating sensors which could allow machines to smell more accurately humans Every odour has its own specific pattern which our noses are able to identify Using a ... - Read More
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