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News articles about "Atmosphere"

Ocean's living carbon pumps: When viruses attack giant algal blooms, global carbon cycles are affected

When we talk about global carbon fixation pumping carbon out of the atmosphere and fixing it into organic molecules by photosynthesis proper measurement is key to understanding this process By some estimates almost half of ... - Read More

In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

As in Alice's journey through the looking glass to Wonderland mirrors in the real world can sometimes behave in surprising and unexpected ways including a new class of mirror that works like no other As ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

Global natural gas boom alone won't slow climate change

A new analysis of global energy use economics and the climate shows that without new climate policies expanding the current bounty of inexpensive natural gas alone would not slow the growth of global greenhouse gas ... - Read More

Solar activity impacts polar ozone

The increase in greenhouse gases explains to a large extent the rise in the average temperature of Earth According to the research study published in Nature Communications today the Sun affects middle atmosphere ozone with ... - Read More

A cost-effective and energy-efficient approach to carbon capture

Carbon capture is a process by which waste carbon dioxide CO2 released by factories and power plants is collected and stored away in order to reduce global carbon emissions There are two major ways of ... - Read More

'Superglue' for the atmosphere: How sulfuric acid increases cloud formation

It has been known for several years that sulfuric acid contributes to the formation of tiny aerosol particles which play an important role in the formation of clouds The new study by Kürten et al ... - Read More

Antarctic sea ice reaches new record maximum

Sea ice surrounding Antarctica reached a new record high extent this year covering more of the southern oceans than it has since scientists began a long term satellite record to map sea ice extent in ... - Read More

Making oxygen before life: Oxygen can form directly from carbon dioxide in upper atmosphere

About one fifth of Earth's atmosphere is oxygen pumped out by green plants as a result of photosynthesis and used by most living things on the planet to keep our metabolisms running But before the ... - Read More

More accurate model for greenhouse gases from peatlands

Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have created a new model to more accurately describe the greenhouse gases likely to be released from Arctic peatlands as they warm Their findings ... - Read More

Air pollution increases river-flows, study shows

A study published in Nature Geoscience shows that air pollution has had a significant impact on the amount of water flowing through many rivers in the northern hemisphere The paper shows how such pollution known ... - Read More

Researchers Study Vital 'On/Off Switches' That Control When Bacteria Turn Deadly

No matter how many times it’s demonstrated it’s still hard to envision bacteria as social communicating creatures But by using a signaling system called “quorum sensing ” these single celled organisms radically alter their behavior ... - Read More

Atmosphere in northern hemisphere has lower self-cleaning capacity than previously thought

Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed An international research team that includes researchers from Wageningen University established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl OH is ... - Read More

New NASA probe will study Earth's forests in 3-D

A laser based instrument being developed for the International Space Station will provide a unique 3 D view of Earth's forests helping to fill in missing information about their role in the carbon cycle Called ... - Read More

Agricultural revolution in Africa could increase global carbon emissions

Productivity boosting agricultural innovations in Africa could lead to an increase in global deforestation rates and carbon emissions a Purdue University study finds Historically improvements in agricultural technology have conserved land and decreased carbon emissions ... - Read More

Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food

The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food a new study suggests Elevated carbon dioxide levels impaired the ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans, WMO report finds

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013 propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide This is according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More

Declining levels of acidity in Sierra Nevada lakes, study concludes

California's water supply depends on a clean snow pack and healthy mountain lakes The lakes receive a large amount of runoff in the spring from the melting snowpack If the snowpack is polluted the lakes ... - Read More
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