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News articles about "Argon"

Ultrasound cuts costs in producing aluminium alloys

Scientists at Brunel University London have confirmed that treating molten metal with ultrasound is a cleaner greener and more efficient route to produce high quality castings Molten aluminium alloys at 700 °C naturally contain a ... - Read More

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Method for detecting extremely rare inert gas isotopes for water dating

In the earth and environmental sciences radioactive isotopes atom variants that decay over time play a major role in age determination A radioactive isotope of the inert gas argon 39Ar for example is used to ... - Read More

Unique catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells synthesized in ordinary kitchen microwave oven

Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano alloy composed of palladium nano islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction the most important reaction in ... - Read More

Researchers part water: 'electric prism' separates water's nuclear spin states

Using an electric prism scientists have found a new way of separating water molecules that differ only in their nuclear spin states and under normal conditions do not part ways Since water is such a ... - Read More

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 mya

A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More

Tiny transistors for extreme environs: Engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation

University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor Such transistors someday might enable smartphones that take and collect medical X ... - Read More

Big step for next-generation fuel cells and electrolyzers

A big step in the development of next generation fuel cells and water alkali electrolyzers has been achieved with the discovery of a new class of bimetallic nanocatalysts that are an order of magnitude higher ... - Read More

Noble gas molecule discovered in space

Gas, Space
A molecule containing a noble gas has been discovered in space by a team including astronomers from Cardiff University The find was made using a Cardiff led instrument aboard Europe's Herschel Space Observatory The molecule ... - Read More

NASA Curiosity: First Mars age measurement and human exploration help

Mars, NASA
NASA's Curiosity rover is providing vital insight about Mars' past and current environments that will aid plans for future robotic and human missions In a little more than a year on the Red Planet the ... - Read More

Highly insulating windows are very energy efficient, though expensive

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Highly insulating triple pane windows keep a house snug and cozy but it takes two decades or more for the windows to pay off financially based on utility bill savings according to a report by ... - Read More

Putting a new spin on tokamak disruptions

Plasma
In the quest for fusion energy on earth researchers use magnetic fields to insulate hot plasma from the walls of the chamber to maintain the reaction and prevent damage to interior surfaces In the tokamak ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

A noble yet simple way to synthesize new metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Reduction, Synthesize, Oxygen
A Korean research team from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST S Korea developed a high performance and stable metal free electrocatalyst for ORR and the research work was published in a science ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More

Race for new temperature definition: Most accurate measurement yet of Boltzmann constant

Temperature, temperature
Scientists at the UK's National Physical Laboratory NPL have performed the most accurate measurement yet of the Boltzmann constant While the impact of such an achievement is not immediately obvious the measurement could revolutionise the ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Ancient trapped water explains Earth's first ice age

Ice
Tiny bubbles of water found in quartz grains in Australia may hold the key to understanding what caused Earth's first ice age say scientists The Anglo French study published in the journal Nature analysed the ... - Read More

Ancient trapped water explains Earth’s first ice age

Ice
Tiny bubbles of water found in quartz grains in Australia may hold the key to understanding what caused Earth's first ice age say scientists The Anglo French study published in the journal Nature analysed the ... - Read More
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