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News articles about "Applications"

Shining a little light changes metal into semiconductor

Light, Light
By blending their expertise two materials science engineers at Washington University in St Louis changed the electronic properties of new class of materials just by exposing it to light This image shows how electrons in ... - Read More

Growing thin films of germanium

Thin films, Films
Researchers have developed a new technique to produce thin films of germanium crystals key components for next generation electronic devices such as advanced large scale integrated circuits and flexible electronics which are required for gadgets ... - Read More

Bismuth-carrying nanotubes show promise for CT scans

cells, cells
Scientists at Rice University have trapped bismuth in a nanotube cage to tag stem cells for X ray tracking Bismuth is probably best known as the active element in a popular stomach settling elixir and ... - Read More

Purple Sweet Potatoes Among 'New Naturals' for Food and Beverage Colors

exhibited potent antioxidant activities Degradation of chlorogenic acid quinic acid and caffeic acid upon heat treatment produced additional antioxidants in roasted coffees The results suggest that continuous ingestion of antioxidants by habitual coffee drinkers has ... - Read More

First Uses of New Solar Energy Technology: Killing Germs on Medical, Dental Instruments

go into a container of water Sunlight focused into the water quickly heats the nanoparticles which scientists are terming “nanoheaters ” A layer of steam forms on the nanoheaters and buoys them up to the ... - Read More

Henry Ford's Ideas May Cut the Cost and Speed Production of Medicines

Ideas that Henry Ford taught a century ago about the advantages of continuous mass production are finding their way into the manufacture of one of the few remaining products still made batch wise the billions ... - Read More

Rare earth metal essential element for methane-munching acid-volcano microbe

Acid
Nijmegen microbiologists have shown that the rare earth metal Cerium is essential for the methane oxidizing bacteria which they discovered in 2007 in an Italian hot acid volcanic mudpot It is the first time that ... - Read More

Blue-green algae a five-tool player in converting waste to fuel

In the baseball world a superstar can do five things exceptionally well hit hit for power run throw and field said Fuzhong Zhang In the parallel universe of the microbiological world there is a current ... - Read More

Wiring microbes to conduct and produce electricity faster

Electron, Electron, Electron
A team of researchers in Ireland have found evidence that altering the chemistry of an electrode surface surface engineering can help microbial communities to connect to the electrode to produce more electricity electron exchange more ... - Read More

Electronics advance moves closer to a world beyond silicon

Silicon
Researchers in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University have made a significant advance in the function of metal insulator metal or MIM diodes a technology premised on the assumption that the speed of ... - Read More

Engineers make golden breakthrough to improve electronic devices

Engineering
A Kansas State University chemical engineer has discovered that a new member of the ultrathin materials family has great potential to improve electronic and thermal devices Vikas Berry William H Honstead professor of chemical engineering ... - Read More

Size matters as nanocrystals go through phases

Phases, nanocrystals
Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications ... - Read More

Imaging: A brighter future for cell tracking

A research team in Asia has developed a method for tracking or 'tracing' cells that overcomes the limitations of existing methods The team's fluorescent organic tracers will provide researchers with a non invasive tool to ... - Read More

New sensor is almost as sensitive as a dog's nose

Light, Light
Scientists at ETH Zurich and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL in California have developed an innovative sensor for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy SERS Thanks to its unique surface properties at nanoscale the method can ... - Read More

A completely new atomic crystal dynamic of the white pigment titanium dioxide discovered

Atomic, Crystal
An international team of researchers at Vienna University of Technology in Austria and at Princeton University in the USA has confirmed theoretically predicted interactions between single oxygen molecules and crystalline titanium dioxide The results which ... - Read More

Transparent artificial muscle plays music to prove a point

materials, Materials
In a materials science laboratory at Harvard University a transparent disk connected to a laptop fills the room with music it's the Morning prelude from Peer Gynt played on an ionic speaker No ordinary speaker ... - Read More

Biomaterial, pharmacy researchers develop polymer to help oral medications reach bloodstream

All too often when a person takes a pill full of a potent and effective drug the drug passes straight through the body not reaching the organ where it is needed a waste of money ... - Read More

Oxygen 'sponge' presents path to better catalysts, energy materials

Catalysts
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new oxygen sponge that can easily absorb or shed oxygen atoms at low temperatures Materials with these novel characteristics would be useful ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

Explanation for strange magnetic behavior at semiconductor interfaces

They're not exactly the peanut butter and jelly of semiconductors but when you put them together something magical happens Alone neither lanthanum aluminate nor strontium titanate exhibit any particularly notable properties But when they are ... - Read More
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