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News articles about "Applications"

Solar energy gets a boost: 'Singlet fission' can increase solar cell efficiency by as much as 30 percent

A perspective article published last month by University of California Riverside chemists in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters was selected as an Editors Choice an honor only a handful of research papers receive The ... - Read More

Getting a charge out of water droplets: Water jumping from a superhydrophobic surface can be harnessed to produce electricity

Last year MIT researchers discovered that when water droplets spontaneously jump away from superhydrophobic surfaces during condensation they can gain electric charge in the process Now the same team has demonstrated that this process can ... - Read More

Squishy robots: Phase-changing material could allow even low-cost robots to switch between hard and soft states

In the movie Terminator 2 the shape shifting T 1000 robot morphs into a liquid state to squeeze through tight spaces or to repair itself when harmed Now a phase changing material built from wax ... - Read More

3-D nanostructure could benefit nanoelectronics, gas storage: functional advantages of 3-D boron nitride predicted

A three dimensional porous nanostructure would have a balance of strength toughness and ability to transfer heat that could benefit nanoelectronics gas storage and composite materials that perform multiple functions according to engineers at Rice ... - Read More

Scientists Find Protein-Building Enzymes Have Undergone Metamorphosis and Evolved Diverse New Functions

work toward their next discoveries The institute's graduate program which awards PhD degrees in biology and chemistry ranks among the top ten of its kind in the nation For more information see www scripps edu ... - Read More

Flashes of light on a superconductor

A study just published in Nature Communications and carried out by a collaboration of several Italian and international centres including SISSA used a technique based on applying short flashes of light to observe and analyse ... - Read More

Technology produces clean-burning hydrogen fuel cheaply using carbon nanotubes

Rutgers researchers have developed a technology that could overcome a major cost barrier to make clean burning hydrogen fuel a fuel that could replace expensive and environmentally harmful fossil fuels A new technology based on ... - Read More

Fuel cells for powering homes

One of the applications that fuel cells may have is the supplying of homes with electrical power When considering applications of this type that call for greater power a research group in the UPV EHU's ... - Read More

Uncertainty gives scientists new confidence in search for novel materials

Scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a way to estimate uncertainties in computer calculations that are widely used to speed the search for new materials for ... - Read More

Ultra-cold atom transport made simple

Techniques for controlling ultra cold atoms travelling in ring traps currently represent an important research area in physics A new study gives a proof of principle confirmed by numerical simulations of the applicability to ultra ... - Read More

Efficient thermal cooling and heating

Thermal systems use heat to produce cold and vice versa To do so a material is needed that can dissipate water vapor particularly well and quickly A new method simply applies this property as a ... - Read More

Hollow-fiber membranes could cut separation costs, energy use

Researchers have developed a microfluidic technique for fabricating a new class of metal organic framework MOF membranes inside hollow polymer fibers that are just a few hundred microns in diameter The new fabrication process believed ... - Read More

Safer, cheaper building blocks for future anti-HIV and cancer drugs

A team of researchers from KU Leuven in Belgium has developed an economical reliable and heavy metal free chemical reaction that yields fully functional 1 2 3 triazoles Triazoles are chemical compounds that can be ... - Read More

Inspired by nature, researchers create tougher metal materials

Drawing inspiration from the structure of bones and bamboo researchers have found that by gradually changing the internal structure of metals they can make stronger tougher materials that can be customized for a wide variety ... - Read More

One of world's thinnest piezoelectric materials identified

There are a handful of naturally occurring materials known as piezoelectric materials that generate electricity if you bend stretch or apply another mechanical force to them and vice versa if you apply a voltage across ... - Read More

Squid sucker ring teeth material could aid reconstructive surgery, serve as eco-packaging

Squid tentacles are loaded with hundreds of suction cups or suckers and each sucker has a ring of razor sharp teeth that help these mighty predators latch onto and take down prey In a study ... - Read More

Hollow optical fibers for UV light

If you want to send light on a trip through optical fibres with as little loss as possible you should opt for infrared light as is the case for example in the telecommunication networks worldwide ... - Read More

Interlayer distance in graphite oxide gradually changes when water is added

Physicists from Umeå University and Humboldt University in Berlin have solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for half a century They show with the help of powerful microscopes that the distance between graphite oxide ... - Read More

Smashing new look at nanoribbons: Researchers unzip nanotubes by shooting them at 15,000 mph

Carbon nanotubes unzipped into graphene nanoribbons by a chemical process invented at Rice University are finding use in all kinds of projects but Rice scientists have now found a chemical free way to unzip them ... - Read More

'Microbe sniffer' could point way to next-generation bio-refining

A new biosensor invented at the University of British Columbia could help optimize bio refining processes that produce fuels fine chemicals and advanced materials It works by sniffing out naturally occurring bacterial networks that are ... - Read More
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