Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More
The first step in developing a cost effective micro sensor for long term monitoring of ocean acidification has been achieved by a team of scientists and engineers The new technology that will measure pH levels ... - Read More
Professor Ragnar Lofstedt Professor of Risk Management and the Director of the King's Institute for Risk Research King's College London and Editor of the Journal of Risk Research has published a paper suggesting that the ... - Read More
In a time when society – and nature itself – are threatened by climate change it seems fair to ask Does recycling still matter Two Swedish scientists say it does Seemingly insurmountable threats like global ... - Read More
Tiny capsules of carbon are invisible to the chemical gatekeeper that flushes potentially harmful substances out of our bodies' cells according to research published in the International Journal of Computational Biology and Drug Design The ... - Read More
In research meant to highlight how the destruction of the Amazon rainforest could affect climate elsewhere Princeton University led researchers report that the total deforestation of the Amazon may significantly reduce rain and snowfall in ... - Read More
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More
Researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH in Zurich have developed a new method of using nanotubes to detect molecules at extremely low concentrations enabling trace detection ... - Read More
Function follows form might have been written to describe proteins as the M C Escher esque folds and twists of nature's workhorse biomolecules enables each to carry out its specific responsibilities Technology's workhorse for determining ... - Read More
A new way to build membrane crossing pores using Lego like DNA building blocks has been developed by scientists at UCL in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and the University of Southampton ... - Read More
Crime scene investigators may soon have a new tool to help them catch evildoers Researchers have demonstrated the proof of principle for a new forensic technique to identify individual fibers of cloth which often all ... - Read More
Whether it is diagnostic imaging analysis of unknown substances or ultrafast communication terahertz radiation sources are becoming more and more important At the Vienna University of Technology an important breakthrough has been achieved Terahertz waves ... - Read More
Rare earths are among the most precious raw materials of all These metals are used in mobile telephones display screens and computers And they are apparently indispensable for some organisms as well A team of ... - Read More
Oxygen in the atmosphere and ocean rose dramatically about 600 million years ago coinciding with the first proliferation of animal life Since then numerous short lived biotic events typically marked by significant climatic perturbations took ... - Read More
An international team of scientists led by physicists from the University of York has shed important new light on coral skeleton formation Their investigations carried out at the nanoscale provide valuable new information for scientists ... - Read More
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have developed a new spectroscopic method to support pathologists in diagnosing cancer In the Journal of Biophotonics and the Analyst they compared conventional procedures for colon cancer identification ... - Read More
Before a cancer patient embarks on a course of treatment tests can be carried out to establish whether or not the chosen cytostatic agent combination is likely to be effective But the time consuming and ... - Read More
The first dynamic regulatory system that prevents the build up of toxic metabolites in engineered microbes has been reported by a team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy ... - Read More
For 10 years Patrick Cramer and his colleagues at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich have probed the structure of RNA polymerase I a crucial cog in the machinery of all cells Now they unveil ... - Read More
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