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News articles about "Analysis"

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

Recycling to ensure sufficient raw materials for the future

About 70 billion tons of raw materials are extracted world wide annually That is twice as much as at the end of the 1970s This trend is continuing even with finite resources One way to ... - Read More

Luminescent nanocrystal tags enable rapid detection of multiple pathogens in a single test

A research team using tunable luminescent nanocrystals as tags to advance medical and security imaging have successfully applied them to high speed scanning technology and detected multiple viruses within minutes The research led by Macquarie ... - Read More

Water from improved sources (such as piped water and bore holes) is not consistently safe

Although water from improved sources such as piped water and bore holes is less likely to contain fecal contamination than water from unimproved sources improved sources in low and middle income countries are not consistently ... - Read More

As carbon dioxide levels rise, some crop nutrients will fall, researchers find

Researchers have some bad news for future farmers and eaters As carbon dioxide levels rise this century some grains and legumes will become significantly less nutritious than they are today The new findings are reported ... - Read More

Sprites form at plasma irregularities in the lower ionosphere

Atmospheric sprites have been known for nearly a century but their origins were a mystery Now a team of researchers has evidence that sprites form at plasma irregularities and may be useful in remote sensing ... - Read More

Evolution in species may reverse predator-prey population cycles

Populations of predators and their prey usually follow predictable cycles When the number of prey increases perhaps as their food supply becomes more abundant predator populations also grow When the predator population becomes too large ... - Read More

Is FDA's Crackdown on Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing a Violation of the First Amendment?

medical treatment Some critics of this decision are arguing that the agency is disallowing advertising “commercial speech” as well as interfering with an individual’s right to receive information both of which are protected under the ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More

Decoding the chemical vocabulary of plants

Plants spend their entire lifetime rooted to one spot When faced with a bad situation such as a swarm of hungry herbivores or a viral outbreak they have no option to flee but instead must ... - Read More

Widespread hydrogen fueling infrastructure goal of new project

As hydrogen fuel cell vehicles continue to roll out in increasing numbers the infrastructure for fueling them must expand as well To this end a new project launched by the Energy Department and led by ... - Read More

Ozone levels drop 20 percent with switch from ethanol to gasoline

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo Brazil to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible fuel vehicles local ozone ... - Read More

Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

Label-free, sequence-specific, inexpensive fluorescent DNA sensors

Using principles of energy transfer more commonly applied to designing solar cells scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new highly sensitive way to detect specific sequences of ... - Read More

Scientists create circuit board modeled on the human brain

Stanford scientists have developed faster more energy efficient microchips based on the human brain 9 000 times faster and using significantly less power than a typical PC This offers greater possibilities for advances in robotics ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More

Computer program could help solve arson cases

Sifting through the chemical clues left behind by arson is delicate time consuming work but University of Alberta researchers teaming with RCMP scientists in Canada have found a way to speed the process A computer ... - Read More

Chernobyl's birds adapting to ionizing radiation

Birds in the exclusion zone around Chernobyl are adapting to and may even be benefiting from long term exposure to radiation ecologists have found The study published in the British Ecological Society's journal Functional Ecology ... - Read More

Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in U.S. Arctic

A changing climate is increasing the accessibility of U S Arctic waters to commercial activities such as shipping oil and gas development and tourism raising concern about the risk of oil spills A new report ... - Read More
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