Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More
Much of the naturally occurring radioactivity in fracking wastewater might be removed by blending it with another wastewater from acid mine drainage according to a Duke University led study Fracking wastewater and acid mine drainage ... - Read More
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More
PET molecular imaging of the brain reveals that ketamine may act as an antidepressant by boosting serotonin activity in brain areas involved in motivation Ketamine is a potent anesthetic employed in human and veterinary medicine ... - Read More
but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More
As is well known the Earth is about 4.6 billion years old No rocks exist however that are older than about 3.8 billion years A sedimentary rock section in the Jack Hills of western Australia ... - Read More
In the midst of a winter cold snap a study from researchers in the United States and Greece reveals an overlooked side effect of economic crisis dangerous air quality caused by burning cheaper fuel for ... - Read More
Researchers at Aalto University have developed a method of selection of new surface treatment processes for orthopaedic and dental implants to reduce the risk of infection Implants are commonly made from metals such as titanium ... - Read More
It is increasingly recognized that climate change has the potential to threaten people and nature and that it is imperative to tackle the drivers of climate change namely greenhouse gases One way to slow climate ... - Read More
An international research team has decoded the molecular structure of the medically important serotonin receptor at room temperature for the first time This study reveals the dynamics of the receptor at close to its operating ... - Read More
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More
New analysis shows that policies addressing energy consumption and technology choices individually can play an important part in reducing emissions Discussions on curbing climate change tend to focus on comprehensive emissions focused measures a global ... - Read More
A warmer world is expected to have severe consequences for global agriculture and food supply reducing yields of major crops even as population and demand increases Now a new analysis combining climate agricultural and hydrological ... - Read More
Blending more ethanol into fuel to cut air pollution from vehicles carries a hidden risk that toxic or even explosive gases may find their way into buildings according to researchers at Rice University Those problems ... - Read More
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More
NASA's Curiosity rover is providing vital insight about Mars' past and current environments that will aid plans for future robotic and human missions In a little more than a year on the Red Planet the ... - Read More
Sandia National Laboratories researchers have devised a novel way to realize electrical conductivity in metal organic framework MOF materials a development that could have profound implications for the future of electronics sensors energy conversion and ... - Read More
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