The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More
Chlorinated chemicals perform a host of societally useful functions but they also have a dark side Once their use life has ended such agents often become environmental contaminants sometimes resistant to bioremediation In a series ... - Read More
The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass a sustainable carbon neutral route to American energy independence has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process New research from the University ... - Read More
A new study reports that anammox a key process in the nitrogen cycle is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound Scientists ... - Read More
There have been plenty of fad diets that captured the public's imagination over the years but Harvard scientists have identified what may be the strangest of them all sunlight and electricity Led by Peter Girguis ... - Read More
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More
that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More
Scientists may not know for certain whether life exists in outer space but new research from a team of scientists led by a University of South Florida astrobiologist now shows that one key element that ... - Read More
Researchers at the University of Arkansas are attempting to help the U S dairy industry decrease its carbon footprint as concentrations of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reach record levels In 2007 Americans consumed approximately ... - Read More
led to the identification of literally hundreds of enzymes capable of breaking through that tough lignin in plant cell walls and the cellulose within The team now is shifting through that bounty to identify the ... - Read More
manufacturers stopped adding it to common household products ” Other speakers in the symposium focused on the ongoing problem of arsenic contamination in the 21st century Arsenic occurs naturally in elevated concentrations in the soil ... - Read More
Cancer cells break down sugars and produce the metabolic acid lactate at a much higher rate than normal cells This phenomenon provides a telltale sign that cancer is present via diagnostics such as PET scans ... - Read More
Slender bacterial nanowires require certain key amino acids in order to conduct electricity according to a study to be published in mBio® the online open access journal of the American Society for Microbiology on March ... - Read More
During an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen along with their colleagues from the GEOMAR and Christian Albrechts University in Kiel discovered that organic ... - Read More
Scientists have developed a way to grow iron oxidizing bacteria using electricity instead of iron an advance that will allow them to better study the organisms and could one day be used to turn electricity ... - Read More
The appearance of free oxygen in Earth's atmosphere led to the Great Oxidation Event This was triggered by cyanobacteria producing the oxygen which developed into multicellular forms as early as 2.3 billion years ago As ... - Read More
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