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News articles about "Acid"

Mechanism of novel biological electron transfer revealed

biological
When researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by microbiologist Derek Lovley discovered that the bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens conducts electricity very effectively along metallic like microbial nanowires they found physicists quite comfortable with the ... - Read More

New cancer diagnostic technique debuts

Cancer cells break down sugars and produce the metabolic acid lactate at a much higher rate than normal cells This phenomenon provides a telltale sign that cancer is present via diagnostics such as PET scans ... - Read More

Biochemical engineering: Waste not, want not

A simple fermentation treatment can convert a by product of biofuel production into a valuable chemical feedstock for a wide range of biomedical products Share This See Also Cell Biology Agriculture and Food Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

When hungry, Gulf of Mexico algae go toxic

algae, algae
When Gulf of Mexico algae don't get enough nutrients they focus their remaining energy on becoming more and more poisonous to ensure their survival according to a new study by scientists from North Carolina State ... - Read More

Killing cancer cells with acid reflux

Acid, cancer
A University of Central Florida chemist has come up with a unique way to kill certain cancer cells give them acid reflux Share This See Also Cancer Colon Cancer Brain Tumor Optics Chemistry Biochemistry Embryonic ... - Read More

Working at the extreme edge of cosmic ice

Ice
Behind locked doors in a lab built like a bomb shelter Perry Gerakines makes something ordinary yet truly alien ice Share This See Also Nature of Water Spintronics Chemistry Carbon 14 Ice shelf Gas giant ... - Read More

New study reveals how sensitive US East Coast regions may be to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
A continental scale chemical survey in the waters of the eastern U S and Gulf of Mexico is helping researchers determine how distinct bodies of water will resist changes in acidity The study which measures ... - Read More

Volcanic aerosols, not pollutants, tamped down recent Earth warming

Pollutants
A team led by the University of Colorado Boulder looking for clues about why Earth did not warm as much as scientists expected between 2000 and 2010 now thinks the culprits are hiding in plain ... - Read More

Lipid nanoparticles are ideal for delivering genes and drugs, researchers show

At the Faculty of Pharmacy of the Basque Public University UPV EHU the Pharmacokinetics Nanotechnology and Gene Therapy research team is using nanotechnology to develop new formulations that can be applied to drugs and gene ... - Read More

Metal ions regulate terpenoid metabolism in insects

Ions, Metabolism
Max Planck scientists in Jena Germany have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in an important secondary metabolism the terpenoid pathway In the horseradish leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae a single enzyme ... - Read More

Icy cosmic start for amino acids and DNA ingredients

Acids
Using new technology at the telescope and in laboratories researchers have discovered an important pair of prebiotic molecules in interstellar space The discoveries indicate that some basic chemicals that are key steps on the way ... - Read More

Neutron scattering provides data on ion adsorption

Scattering
The adsorption of ions in microporous materials governs the operation of technologies as diverse as water desalination energy storage sensing and mechanical actuation Until now however researchers attempting to improve the performance of these technologies ... - Read More

Key component of China's pollution problem: Scale of nitrogen's effect on people and ecosystems revealed

It's no secret that China is faced with some of the world's worst pollution Until now however information on the magnitude scope and impacts of a major contributor to that pollution human caused nitrogen emissions ... - Read More

Fungal cleaning crew: Chemists determine the structure of an enzyme that breaks down dyes

Fungi serve as a kind of natural cleaning crew for the ecosystem They form enzymes that can degrade hazardous substances converting natural as well as human made toxins into harmless compounds For instance they can ... - Read More

Clues to climate cycles dug from south pole snow pit

Climate, climate
Particles from the upper atmosphere trapped in a deep pile of Antarctic snow hold clear chemical traces of global meteorological events a team from the University of California San Diego and a colleague from France ... - Read More

How the Ocean loses nitrogen: Scientists identify key factor that controls nitrogen availability in the Ocean

Ocean, Nitrogen, nitrogen, Ocean
During an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen along with their colleagues from the GEOMAR and Christian Albrechts University in Kiel discovered that organic ... - Read More

Formation of nanoparticles can now be studied molecule-by-molecule

Atmospheric aerosol particles affect our climate by slowing down the global warming After years of studying the international research group led by Academy Professor Markku Kulmala from the University of Helsinki Department of Physics Finland ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers and their big influence on bustling proteins: Scientists investigate molecular 'clothespins'

Molecular, molecular
Tiny molecular tweezers have a remarkable impact on bustling proteins Three research groups from the University of Duisburg Essen UDE the Chemical Genomics Centre of the Max Planck Society in Dortmund and the Max Planck ... - Read More

Molecules assemble in water, hint at origins of life

molecules
The base pairs that hold together two pieces of RNA the older cousin of DNA are some of the most important molecular interactions in living cells Many scientists believe that these base pairs were part ... - Read More

Engineering cells for more efficient biofuel production

In the search for renewable alternatives to gasoline heavy alcohols such as isobutanol are promising candidates Not only do they contain more energy than ethanol but they are also more compatible with existing gasoline based ... - Read More
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