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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

New model should expedite development of temperature-stable nano-alloys

Alloys, Nano
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new theoretical model that will speed the development of new nanomaterial alloys that retain their advantageous properties at elevated temperatures Nanoscale materials are made up of ... - Read More

Harnessing the sun's energy with tiny particles

Sun
Engineers at Sandia National Laboratories along with partner institutions Georgia Tech Bucknell University King Saud University and the German Aerospace Center DLR are using a falling particle receiver to more efficiently convert the sun's energy ... - Read More

Creating electricity with caged atoms

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
A lot of energy is wasted when machines turn hot unnecessarily heating up their environment Some of this thermal energy could be harvested using thermoelectric materials they create electric current when they are used to ... - Read More

New steering tech for heavy equipment saves fuel, ups efficiency

Fuel
Researchers at Purdue University have shown how to reduce fuel consumption while improving the efficiency of hydraulic steering systems in heavy construction equipment The new approach incorporates several innovations It eliminates valves now needed to ... - Read More

Super efficient combustion engine emits half the carbon dioxide

Combustion, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Combustion, carbon
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed an internal combustion engine that emits less than half the CO2 compared to a regular engine without compromising performance This corresponds to fuel consumption of less than 2.4l per ... - Read More

Accidental nanoparticle discovery could hail revolution in manufacturing

A nanoparticle shaped like a spiky ball with magnetic properties has been uncovered in a new method of synthesising carbon nanotubes by physicists at Queen Mary University of London and the University of Kent Carbon ... - Read More

New connection between stacked solar cells can handle energy of 70,000 suns

cells, cells
North Carolina State University researchers have come up with a new technique for improving the connections between stacked solar cells which should improve the overall efficiency of solar energy devices and reduce the cost of ... - Read More

Size matters as nanocrystals go through phases

Phases, nanocrystals
Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

Rattling ions limit heat flow in materials used to reduce carbon emissions

A new study published today in the journal Nature Materials has found a way to suppress the thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate so that it can be used to harvest waste energy Led by scientists ... - Read More

Growth of disorder of electrons measured in dual temperature system

Researchers at Aalto University Finland and the University of Tokyo have succeeded for the first time in experimentally measuring a probability distribution for entropy production of electrons Entropy production means an increase in disorder when ... - Read More

Making a mini Mona Lisa: Nanotechnique creates image on surface less than a third the hair's width

Chemical, Chemical, Heat, chemical, chemical
The world's most famous painting has now been created on the world's smallest canvas Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have painted the Mona Lisa on a substrate surface approximately 30 microns in width ... - Read More

Pass the salt: Common condiment could enable new high-tech industry -- silicon nanostructures

Salt, Nanostructures, Silicon
Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to ... - Read More

Bio-inspired design may lead to more energy efficient windows

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
University of Toronto Engineering professor Ben Hatton MSE is turning to nature to find a way to make windows more energy efficient In a recent article in Solar Energy Materials & amp Solar Cells Hatton ... - Read More

Cracking how life arose on Earth may help clarify where else it might exist

Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Cement converted into an electrical conductor

Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a cementitious material incorporating carbon nanofibers in its composition turning cement into an excellent conductor of electricity capable of performing functions beyond its usual structural function This ... - Read More

Lifelike cooling for sunbaked windows: Adaptable microfluidic circulatory system could cut air-conditioning costs

System
Sun drenched rooms make for happy residents but large glass windows also bring higher air conditioning bills Now a bioinspired microfluidic circulatory system for windows developed by researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired ... - Read More

Deciphering the air-sea communication: Ocean significantly affects long-term climate fluctuations

Fluctuations, Communication, sea
Why does hurricane activity vary from decade to decade Or rainfall in the Sahel region And why are the trans Atlantic changes frequently in sync A German Russian research team has investigated the role of ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More
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