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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Improving the reliability of electronic devices by mitigating corrosive effects

A study of the thermodynamic properties of copper connections uncovers a route to improving the reliability of electronic devices One in five electronic device failures is a result of corrosion Bonds the metal connections that ... - Read More

Energy storage in miniaturized capacitors may boost green energy technology

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More

What makes superalloys super? Hierarchical microstructure of a superalloy

Superalloys
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More

New study: US power plant emissions down

Emissions
Power plants that use natural gas and a new technology to squeeze more energy from the fuel release far less of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide than coal fired power plants do according to a ... - Read More

The entropy of nations: Global energy inequality lessens, but for how long?

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More

Producing electricity on the Moon at night

Heat
Scientists from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and other international collaborators have proposed a system of mirrors processed lunar soil and a heat engine to provide energy to vehicles and crew during the lunar night ... - Read More

New optimized coatings for implants reduce risk of infection

Researchers at Aalto University have developed a method of selection of new surface treatment processes for orthopaedic and dental implants to reduce the risk of infection Implants are commonly made from metals such as titanium ... - Read More

Low-power tunneling transistor for high-performance devices at low voltage

Applications
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More

Can we turn unwanted carbon dioxide into electricity?

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Researchers are developing a new kind of geothermal power plant that will lock away unwanted carbon dioxide CO2 underground and use it as a tool to boost electric power generation by at least 10 times ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More

Ultrathin 'diagnostic skin' allows continuous patient monitoring

Temperature, temperature
It is likely that at your next visit to the doctor a medical practitioner will start by taking your temperature This has been part of medical practice for so long that we may see it ... - Read More

Highly insulating windows are very energy efficient, though expensive

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Highly insulating triple pane windows keep a house snug and cozy but it takes two decades or more for the windows to pay off financially based on utility bill savings according to a report by ... - Read More

Data centers can be cooled down in environmentally friendly, energy efficient ways

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Data centers housing thousands of computers have enabled the proliferation of new cloud based services One problem associated with data centers however is their aggregate electricity consumption The servers in the data centers use electricity ... - Read More

New thermoelectronic generator: Heat energy efficiently converted to electricity

Heat
Through a process known as thermionic conversion heat energy such as light from the sun or heat from burned fossil fuels can be converted into electricity with very high efficiency Because of its promise researchers ... - Read More

Companies could make the switch to wood power

Heat, Fuel
Some companies could economically convert their operations to wood boilers for heat and power according to a team of forestry researchers The conversion to wood powered burners would make the most sense for larger commercial ... - Read More

Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

How losing information can benefit quantum computing

Quantum, Quantum
Suggesting that quantum computers might benefit from losing some data physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have entangled linked the quantum properties of two ions by leaking judiciously chosen information to ... - Read More

Gentle pasteurization of milk – with microwaves

Microwaves, Milk
In the EU funded project MicroMilk European SMEs together with the University of Hohenheim and the Fraunhofer IGB have developed a novel method for pasteurization of milk with microwaves The system preserves the valuable components ... - Read More
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