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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Tricking the uncertainty principle: New measurement technique goes beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics

Caltech researchers have found a way to make measurements that go beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics Today we are capable of measuring the position of an object with unprecedented accuracy but quantum physics ... - Read More

Discovery offers new possibilities for clean energy research: New high-efficiency thermoelectric material

University of Houston physicists have discovered a new thermoelectric material offering high performance at temperatures ranging from room temperature up to 300 degrees Celsius or about 573 degrees Fahrenheit This new material is better than ... - Read More

Smaller microchips that keep their cool

Temperatures often over 200 degrees C occur in geothermal and oil production conventional microelectronics hit their limits there Researchers have now fabricated compact microchips that can keep their cool even at 300 degrees C An ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More

Fridges cooled by magnetism? Newly identified 'universal' property of metamagnets may lead to everyday uses

A new physics discovery made by a University of Virginia led team may lead to more efficient refrigerators heat pumps and airport scanners among many possible uses perhaps within a decade The team of physicists ... - Read More

Surprising material could play huge role in saving energy: Tin selenide is best at converting waste heat to electricity

One strategy for addressing the world's energy crisis is to stop wasting so much energy when producing and using it which can happen in coal fired power plants or transportation Nearly two thirds of energy ... - Read More

New material coating technology mimics nature's lotus effect

Ever stop to consider why lotus plant leaves always look clean The hydrophobic water repelling characteristic of the leaf termed the Lotus effect helps the plant survive in muddy swamps repelling dirt and producing beautiful ... - Read More

Impurity size affects performance of emerging superconductive material

Research from North Carolina State University finds that impurities can hurt performance or possibly provide benefits in a key superconductive material that is expected to find use in a host of applications including future particle ... - Read More

High-performance, low-cost ultracapacitors built with graphene and carbon nanotubes

By combining the powers of two single atom thick carbon structures researchers at the George Washington University's Micro propulsion and Nanotechnology Laboratory have created a new ultracapacitor that is both high performance and low cost ... - Read More

Vacuum ultraviolet lamp of the future created

A team of researchers in Japan has developed a solid state lamp that emits high energy ultraviolet UV light at the shortest wavelengths ever recorded for such a device from 140 to 220 nanometers This ... - Read More

Nanoparticle-based coating for aircraft engines may triple service life and reduce fuel consumption

Researchers at University West in Sweden have started using nanoparticles in the heat insulating surface layer that protects aircraft engines from heat In tests this increased the service life of the coating by 300% This ... - Read More

Magnetic behavior discovery could advance nuclear fusion

Inspired by the space physics behind solar flares and the aurora a team of researchers from the University of Michigan and Princeton has uncovered a new kind of magnetic behavior that could help make nuclear ... - Read More

Thermal vision: Graphene light detector first to span infrared spectrum

The first room temperature light detector that can sense the full infrared spectrum has the potential to put heat vision technology into a contact lens Unlike comparable mid and far infrared detectors currently on the ... - Read More

Novel membrane reveals water molecules will bounce off a liquid surface

Consider the nearest water surface a half full glass on your desk a puddle outside your window or a lake across town All of these surfaces represent liquid vapor interfaces where liquid meets air Molecules ... - Read More

Shale could be long-term home for problematic nuclear waste

Shale the source of the United States' current natural gas boom could help solve another energy problem what to do with radioactive waste from nuclear power plants The unique properties of the sedimentary rock and ... - Read More

Heat-based technique offers new way to measure microscopic particles

Researchers have developed a new heat based technique for counting and measuring the size of microscopic particles The technique is less expensive than light based techniques and can be used on a wider array of ... - Read More

Effective thermal camouflage and invisibility device for soldiers created

Engineers and scientists have been trying to discover the ultimate cloaking device not just as a hat trick to make things invisible but for its applications in defense technology Now a team from the NUS ... - Read More

First thin films of spin ice reveal cold secrets

Thin films of spin ice have been shown to demonstrate surprising properties which could help in the development of applications of magnetricity the magnetic equivalent of electricity Published today in Nature Communications a team of ... - Read More

Promising results with local hyperthermia of tumors

A combination of iron oxide nanoparticles and an alternating magnetic field which together generate heat have activated an immune system response to tumors in mice according to an accepted manuscript by Dartmouth Hitchcock Norris Cotton ... - Read More
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