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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Rattling ions limit heat flow in materials used to reduce carbon emissions

A new study published today in the journal Nature Materials has found a way to suppress the thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate so that it can be used to harvest waste energy Led by scientists ... - Read More

Growth of disorder of electrons measured in dual temperature system

Researchers at Aalto University Finland and the University of Tokyo have succeeded for the first time in experimentally measuring a probability distribution for entropy production of electrons Entropy production means an increase in disorder when ... - Read More

Making a mini Mona Lisa: Nanotechnique creates image on surface less than a third the hair's width

Chemical, Chemical, Heat, chemical, chemical
The world's most famous painting has now been created on the world's smallest canvas Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have painted the Mona Lisa on a substrate surface approximately 30 microns in width ... - Read More

Pass the salt: Common condiment could enable new high-tech industry -- silicon nanostructures

Salt, Nanostructures, Silicon
Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to ... - Read More

Bio-inspired design may lead to more energy efficient windows

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
University of Toronto Engineering professor Ben Hatton MSE is turning to nature to find a way to make windows more energy efficient In a recent article in Solar Energy Materials & amp Solar Cells Hatton ... - Read More

Cracking how life arose on Earth may help clarify where else it might exist

Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Cement converted into an electrical conductor

Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a cementitious material incorporating carbon nanofibers in its composition turning cement into an excellent conductor of electricity capable of performing functions beyond its usual structural function This ... - Read More

Lifelike cooling for sunbaked windows: Adaptable microfluidic circulatory system could cut air-conditioning costs

System
Sun drenched rooms make for happy residents but large glass windows also bring higher air conditioning bills Now a bioinspired microfluidic circulatory system for windows developed by researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired ... - Read More

Deciphering the air-sea communication: Ocean significantly affects long-term climate fluctuations

Fluctuations, Communication, sea
Why does hurricane activity vary from decade to decade Or rainfall in the Sahel region And why are the trans Atlantic changes frequently in sync A German Russian research team has investigated the role of ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

New thermocell could harvest 'waste heat' from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes

Heat
Harvesting waste heat from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes could soon provide a valuable supply of electricity A small team of Monash University researchers working under the Australian Research Council ARC Centre of ... - Read More

Finding the keys to boiling heat transfer

A team of MIT researchers has succeeded in carrying out the first systematic investigation of the factors that control boiling heat transfer from a surface to a liquid This process is crucial to the efficiency ... - Read More

Levitation: Droplets surfing on sound waves

Sound, Sound waves
ETH researchers are able to make objects such as particles and liquid droplets fly in mid air by letting them ride on acoustic waves For the first time they have been able to also control ... - Read More

Physicists offer novel insight into experimental cancer treatment

Cancer treatment, cancer, treatment
Physicists from the University of York have carried out new research into how the heating effect of an experimental cancer treatment works Magnetic hyperthermia is viewed as an attractive approach for the treatment of certain ... - Read More

Graphene provides efficient electronics cooling

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
A layer of graphene can reduce the working temperature in hotspots inside a processor by up to 25 percent which can significantly extend the working life of computers and other electronics An international group of ... - Read More

Smart anticancer 'nanofiber mesh'

Anticancer drugs
A MANA research team has developed a new nanofiber mesh which is capable of simultaneously realizing thermotherapy hyperthermia and chemotherapy treatment with anticancer drugs of tumors They succeeded in efficiently inducing natural death apoptosis of ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers allow precision control of enzymes

enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, enzymes
Tweezers are a handy instrument when it comes to removing a splinter or plucking an eyebrow In new research Hao Yan and his colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute describe a pair of tweezers ... - Read More

Stop hyperventilating, say energy efficiency researchers

A single advanced building control now in development could slash 18 percent tens of thousands of dollars off the overall annual energy bill of the average large office building with no loss of comfort according ... - Read More

Quantum engines must break down

Our present understanding of thermodynamics is fundamentally incorrect if applied to small systems and needs to be modified according to new research from University College London UCL and the University of Gdańsk The work establishes ... - Read More
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