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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Formation of organic thin-film transistors through room-temperature printing

Japanese researchers have established a process for forming organic thin film transistors TFTs conducting the entire printing process at room temperature under ambient atmospheric conditions Printed electronics the field in which electronic devices are produced ... - Read More

Concentrating solar power: Study shows greater potential

Concentrating solar power CSP could supply a substantial amount of current energy demand according to the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change In the Mediterranean region for example the study shows that a ... - Read More

Scientists use X-rays to look at how DNA protects itself from UV light

The molecular building blocks that make up DNA absorb ultraviolet light so strongly that sunlight should deactivate them yet it does not Now scientists have made detailed observations of a relaxation response that protects these ... - Read More

No limits to human effects on clouds

Understanding how clouds affect the climate has been a difficult proposition What controls the makeup of the low clouds that cool the atmosphere or the high ones that trap heat underneath How does human activity ... - Read More

Drastic cut in electricity bill for supermarket in Norway

A Norwegian supermarket gets by with just over two thirds of the electricity used by similar stores The newly built mini supermarket in Trondheim was opened last autumn by a government minister to the sound ... - Read More

Controlling thermal conductivities can improve energy storage

Controlling the flow of heat through materials is important for many technologies While materials with high and low thermal conductivities are available materials with variable and reversible thermal conductivities are rare and other than high ... - Read More

A more earth-friendly way to make bright white cotton fabrics

With a growing number of consumers demanding more Earth friendly practices from the fashion world scientists are developing new ways to produce textiles that could help meet rising expectations They report in the ACS journal ... - Read More

Particles near absolute zero do not break the laws of physics after all

A change of models demystifies anomalous particle behaviour at very low temperatures confirming that the third law of thermodynamics has not been violated In theory the laws of physics are absolute However when it comes ... - Read More

Solar energy prospects are bright for Scotland, experts say

Installing state of the art solar panels on a quarter of a million roofs could meet one sixth of Scotland's electricity demands experts say Scientists say the strategy could ease the plight of one in ... - Read More

A new way to harness waste heat: Electrochemical approach has potential to efficiently turn low-grade heat to electricity

Vast amounts of excess heat are generated by industrial processes and by electric power plants researchers around the world have spent decades seeking ways to harness some of this wasted energy Most such efforts have ... - Read More

New method for propulsion in fluids: Researchers discover a way for temperature gradients in fluids to move objects

Researchers at MIT have discovered a new way of harnessing temperature gradients in fluids to propel objects In the natural world the mechanism may influence the motion of icebergs floating on the sea and rocks ... - Read More

Chemistry behind BBQ

It's that time of the year again when people are moving their kitchens outside in order to soak up the warm weather and smoky aromas of grilling IFT spokesperson Guy Crosby PhD CFS provides insight ... - Read More

New implanted devices may reshape medicine: Researchers create transistors that wrap around tissues

Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Tokyo have created electronic devices that become soft when implanted inside the body and can deploy to grip 3 D objects such as ... - Read More

Deformable mirror corrects errors

Very high power is needed to cut or weld using a laser beam But this creates its own problem the beam's energy deforms the mirrors that are focusing it to a point When this happens ... - Read More

Tricking the uncertainty principle: New measurement technique goes beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics

Caltech researchers have found a way to make measurements that go beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics Today we are capable of measuring the position of an object with unprecedented accuracy but quantum physics ... - Read More

Discovery offers new possibilities for clean energy research: New high-efficiency thermoelectric material

University of Houston physicists have discovered a new thermoelectric material offering high performance at temperatures ranging from room temperature up to 300 degrees Celsius or about 573 degrees Fahrenheit This new material is better than ... - Read More

Smaller microchips that keep their cool

Temperatures often over 200 degrees C occur in geothermal and oil production conventional microelectronics hit their limits there Researchers have now fabricated compact microchips that can keep their cool even at 300 degrees C An ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More

Fridges cooled by magnetism? Newly identified 'universal' property of metamagnets may lead to everyday uses

A new physics discovery made by a University of Virginia led team may lead to more efficient refrigerators heat pumps and airport scanners among many possible uses perhaps within a decade The team of physicists ... - Read More
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