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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Laser-assisted fabrication process enables of heat-resistant, crack-free materials

A fabrication technique that uses lasers to deposit superalloys with fewer cracks and excellent mechanical properties has been developed by A*STAR researchers Alloys are mixtures of two or more metallic elements The composition of an ... - Read More

Fusion researchers make breakthrough: Control intense heat bursts in fusion experiments

Researchers from General Atomics and the U S Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory PPPL have made a major breakthrough in understanding how potentially damaging heat bursts inside a fusion reactor can be controlled ... - Read More

Graphene meets heat waves

In the race to miniaturize electronic components researchers are challenged with a major problem the smaller or the faster your device the more challenging it is to cool it down One solution to improve the ... - Read More

Researchers discover new material to produce clean energy

Researchers at the University of Houston have created a new thermoelectric material intended to generate electric power from waste heat from a vehicle tailpipe for example or an industrial smokestack with greater efficiency and higher ... - Read More

Lightning plus volcanic ash make glass

In their open access paper for Geology Kimberly Genareau and colleagues propose for the first time a mechanism for the generation of glass spherules in geologic deposits through the occurrence of volcanic lightning The existence ... - Read More

Solar cells to get growth boost, price cut

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University's OIST Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit have found that growing a type of film used to manufacture solar cells in ambient air gives ... - Read More

Flower-like magnetic nanoparticles target difficult tumors

Thanks to the work of an interdisciplinary team of researchers at the Dartmouth Center of Nanotechnology Excellence funded by the National Institutes of Health the next generation magnetic nanoparticles MNPs may soon be treating deep ... - Read More

Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics

High performance materials for gas storage thermal insulators or nanomachines need a thorough understanding of the behavior of the material down to the molecular level Thermodynamics which have been developed two hundred years ago to ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanorod ensembles release heat differently

Researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have revealed previously unobserved behaviors that show how details of the transfer of heat at the nanoscale causes nanoparticles to change shape in ensembles ... - Read More

Research shows benefits of silicon carbide for sensors in harsh environments

The use of silicon carbide as a semiconductor for mechanical and electrical sensor devices is showing promise for improved operations and safety in harsh working environments according to new research from Griffith University Experiments with ... - Read More

Seeing through sparklers: What happens to heat-treated diamonds

Diamonds come in all colours with price tags to match ice white blue and pink attract high prices and stones with brown hues the least But now that brown diamonds can be heat treated to ... - Read More

How iron feels the heat

As you heat up a piece of iron the arrangement of the iron atoms changes several times before melting This unusual behavior is one reason why steel in which iron plays a starring role is ... - Read More

Quest for efficiency in thermoelectric nanowires

Efficiency is big in the tiny world of thermoelectric nanowires Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories say better materials and manufacturing techniques for the nanowires could allow carmakers to harvest power from the heat wasted by ... - Read More

Understanding air pollution from biomass burners used for heating

As many places in the U S and Europe increasingly turn to biomass rather than fossil fuels for power and heat scientists are focusing on what this trend might mean for air quality and people's ... - Read More

Nanoscale solution to big problem of overheating in microelectronic devices

Anyone who has ever toasted the top of their legs with their laptop or broiled their ear on a cell phone knows that microelectronic devices can give off a lot of heat These devices contain ... - Read More

Nano-hydrogels that attack cancer cells

Hydrogels are materials that are commonly used in everyday objects such as contact lenses or diapers in order to control humidity However chemical engineers at the University of Guadalajara UdeG in Mexico developed a new ... - Read More

On quantum scales, there are many second laws of thermodynamics

New research from UCL and the Universities of Gdansk Singapore and Delft has uncovered additional second laws of thermodynamics which complement the ordinary second law of thermodynamics one of the most fundamental laws of nature ... - Read More

Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP

The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More

Bamboo bike recharges mobile devices, external batteries by peddling

Bambootec consortium from Yucatán state in the south of Mexico designed a bamboo bicycle that transforms the kinetic energy generated by pedaling into a source of electricity that has the ability to simultaneously recharge mobile ... - Read More
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