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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Nanoscale solution to big problem of overheating in microelectronic devices

Anyone who has ever toasted the top of their legs with their laptop or broiled their ear on a cell phone knows that microelectronic devices can give off a lot of heat These devices contain ... - Read More

Nano-hydrogels that attack cancer cells

Hydrogels are materials that are commonly used in everyday objects such as contact lenses or diapers in order to control humidity However chemical engineers at the University of Guadalajara UdeG in Mexico developed a new ... - Read More

On quantum scales, there are many second laws of thermodynamics

New research from UCL and the Universities of Gdansk Singapore and Delft has uncovered additional second laws of thermodynamics which complement the ordinary second law of thermodynamics one of the most fundamental laws of nature ... - Read More

Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP

The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More

Bamboo bike recharges mobile devices, external batteries by peddling

Bambootec consortium from Yucatán state in the south of Mexico designed a bamboo bicycle that transforms the kinetic energy generated by pedaling into a source of electricity that has the ability to simultaneously recharge mobile ... - Read More

Hot showers, lower power bills with heat pump water heaters: How water heaters are installed impacts total home energy use

How much energy was used to heat the water for your morning shower is probably the least of your groggy uncaffeinated thoughts However some homeowners are discovering they have even less need to think about ... - Read More

Nanowire clothing could keep people warm, without heating everything else

To stay warm when temperatures drop outside we heat our indoor spaces even when no one is in them But scientists have now developed a novel nanowire coating for clothes that can both generate heat ... - Read More

A weld of difference: Higher welding speed improves the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys

Simple changes in technique can yield big improvements say A*STAR researchers investigating how welding speed and the placement of materials affect the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys They discovered that the tensile strength increases ... - Read More

Instant-start computers possible with new breakthrough

To encode data today's computer memory technology uses electric currents a major limiting factor for reliability and shrinkability and the source of significant power consumption If data could instead be encoded without current for example ... - Read More

Smart anti-icing system for rotor blades

In very cold climate zones the wind can blow with tremendous force But wind turbines have rarely been built in these regions up to now The risk of ice formation on the rotor blades is ... - Read More

Low-grade waste heat regenerates ammonia battery

An efficient method to harvest low grade waste heat as electricity may be possible using reversible ammonia batteries according to Penn State engineers The use of waste heat for power production would allow additional electricity ... - Read More

High-tech mirror beams heat away from buildings into space

Stanford engineers have invented a revolutionary coating material that can help cool buildings even on sunny days by radiating heat away from the buildings and sending it directly into space A new ultrathin multilayered material ... - Read More

New material makes water and oil roll off

Car finish to which no dirt particles adhere house fronts from which graffiti paints roll off and shoes that remain clean on muddy paths the material fluoropore might make all this possible Both water and ... - Read More

Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions

Research has identified for the first time how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted A team of researchers from the universities of Southampton Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical ... - Read More

Saving energy with nanotechnology insulation

Mufit Akinc who has a series of patent plaques hanging high on his office wall knows all about the challenges of moving inventions out of the lab But he's determined to see one of his ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Robotic ocean gliders aid study of melting polar ice

The rapidly melting ice sheets on the coast of West Antarctica are a potential major contributor to rising ocean levels worldwide Although warm water near the coast is thought to be the main factor causing ... - Read More

NASA’s Orion spacecraft arrives at launch pad, hoisted onto rocket ahead of its first spaceflight

NASA's new Orion spacecraft now is at its launch pad after completing its penultimate journey in the early hours Wednesday It arrived at Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida ... - Read More

A coating that protects against heat and oxidation

Researchers have developed a coating technique that they plan to use to protect turbine engine and waste incinerator components against heat and oxidation A topcoat from micro scaled hollow aluminium oxide spheres provides heat insulation ... - Read More

Outsmarting thermodynamics in self-assembly of nanostructures

If you can uniformly break the symmetry of nanorod pairs in a colloidal solution you're a step ahead of the game toward achieving new and exciting metamaterial properties But traditional thermodynamic driven colloidal assembly of ... - Read More
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