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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Controlling thermal conductivities can improve energy storage

Controlling the flow of heat through materials is important for many technologies While materials with high and low thermal conductivities are available materials with variable and reversible thermal conductivities are rare and other than high ... - Read More

A more earth-friendly way to make bright white cotton fabrics

With a growing number of consumers demanding more Earth friendly practices from the fashion world scientists are developing new ways to produce textiles that could help meet rising expectations They report in the ACS journal ... - Read More

Particles near absolute zero do not break the laws of physics after all

A change of models demystifies anomalous particle behaviour at very low temperatures confirming that the third law of thermodynamics has not been violated In theory the laws of physics are absolute However when it comes ... - Read More

Solar energy prospects are bright for Scotland, experts say

Installing state of the art solar panels on a quarter of a million roofs could meet one sixth of Scotland's electricity demands experts say Scientists say the strategy could ease the plight of one in ... - Read More

A new way to harness waste heat: Electrochemical approach has potential to efficiently turn low-grade heat to electricity

Vast amounts of excess heat are generated by industrial processes and by electric power plants researchers around the world have spent decades seeking ways to harness some of this wasted energy Most such efforts have ... - Read More

New method for propulsion in fluids: Researchers discover a way for temperature gradients in fluids to move objects

Researchers at MIT have discovered a new way of harnessing temperature gradients in fluids to propel objects In the natural world the mechanism may influence the motion of icebergs floating on the sea and rocks ... - Read More

Chemistry behind BBQ

It's that time of the year again when people are moving their kitchens outside in order to soak up the warm weather and smoky aromas of grilling IFT spokesperson Guy Crosby PhD CFS provides insight ... - Read More

New implanted devices may reshape medicine: Researchers create transistors that wrap around tissues

Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Tokyo have created electronic devices that become soft when implanted inside the body and can deploy to grip 3 D objects such as ... - Read More

Deformable mirror corrects errors

Very high power is needed to cut or weld using a laser beam But this creates its own problem the beam's energy deforms the mirrors that are focusing it to a point When this happens ... - Read More

Tricking the uncertainty principle: New measurement technique goes beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics

Caltech researchers have found a way to make measurements that go beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics Today we are capable of measuring the position of an object with unprecedented accuracy but quantum physics ... - Read More

Discovery offers new possibilities for clean energy research: New high-efficiency thermoelectric material

University of Houston physicists have discovered a new thermoelectric material offering high performance at temperatures ranging from room temperature up to 300 degrees Celsius or about 573 degrees Fahrenheit This new material is better than ... - Read More

Smaller microchips that keep their cool

Temperatures often over 200 degrees C occur in geothermal and oil production conventional microelectronics hit their limits there Researchers have now fabricated compact microchips that can keep their cool even at 300 degrees C An ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More

Fridges cooled by magnetism? Newly identified 'universal' property of metamagnets may lead to everyday uses

A new physics discovery made by a University of Virginia led team may lead to more efficient refrigerators heat pumps and airport scanners among many possible uses perhaps within a decade The team of physicists ... - Read More

Surprising material could play huge role in saving energy: Tin selenide is best at converting waste heat to electricity

One strategy for addressing the world's energy crisis is to stop wasting so much energy when producing and using it which can happen in coal fired power plants or transportation Nearly two thirds of energy ... - Read More

New material coating technology mimics nature's lotus effect

Ever stop to consider why lotus plant leaves always look clean The hydrophobic water repelling characteristic of the leaf termed the Lotus effect helps the plant survive in muddy swamps repelling dirt and producing beautiful ... - Read More

Impurity size affects performance of emerging superconductive material

Research from North Carolina State University finds that impurities can hurt performance or possibly provide benefits in a key superconductive material that is expected to find use in a host of applications including future particle ... - Read More

High-performance, low-cost ultracapacitors built with graphene and carbon nanotubes

By combining the powers of two single atom thick carbon structures researchers at the George Washington University's Micro propulsion and Nanotechnology Laboratory have created a new ultracapacitor that is both high performance and low cost ... - Read More

Vacuum ultraviolet lamp of the future created

A team of researchers in Japan has developed a solid state lamp that emits high energy ultraviolet UV light at the shortest wavelengths ever recorded for such a device from 140 to 220 nanometers This ... - Read More
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