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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Titania-based material holds promise as new insulator for superconductors

Research from North Carolina State University shows that a type of modified titania or titanium dioxide holds promise as an electrical insulator for superconducting magnets allowing heat to dissipate while preserving the electrical paths along ... - Read More

All-in-one energy system offers greener power for off–grid homes, farms and businesses

An innovative 'trigeneration' system fuelled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid systems both in the UK and abroad Developed by a consortium led by ... - Read More

3-D printing finds its 'sweet spot' through 'nifty shades of gray'

A 'less is more' approach has enabled UK engineers to make 3D printed parts lighter and stronger using methods that will also make 3D printing faster and more economical The technique uses a cutting edge ... - Read More

Major step toward optical computing: Non-metallic metamaterial used to 'compress' and contain light

The invention of fibre optics revolutionized the way we share information allowing us to transmit data at volumes and speeds we'd only previously dreamed of Now electrical engineering researchers at the University of Alberta are ... - Read More

Gasification of oil palm biomass to produce clean producer gas for heat, power generation

This technology can simultaneously remove impurities and produce clean gas for heat and power generation from waste biomass The process of burning fossil fuels such as petroleum coal and natural gas releases huge amounts of ... - Read More

The power of salt: Power generation from where river water and seawater meet

Where the river meets the sea there is the potential to harness a significant amount of renewable energy according to a team of mechanical engineers at MIT The researchers evaluated an emerging method of power ... - Read More

Technique simplifies creation of high-tech crystals

Highly purified crystals that split light with uncanny precision are key parts of high powered lenses specialized optics and potentially computers that manipulate light instead of electricity But producing these crystals by current techniques such ... - Read More

Solar energy gets a boost: 'Singlet fission' can increase solar cell efficiency by as much as 30 percent

A perspective article published last month by University of California Riverside chemists in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters was selected as an Editors Choice an honor only a handful of research papers receive The ... - Read More

Getting a charge out of water droplets: Water jumping from a superhydrophobic surface can be harnessed to produce electricity

Last year MIT researchers discovered that when water droplets spontaneously jump away from superhydrophobic surfaces during condensation they can gain electric charge in the process Now the same team has demonstrated that this process can ... - Read More

Squishy robots: Phase-changing material could allow even low-cost robots to switch between hard and soft states

In the movie Terminator 2 the shape shifting T 1000 robot morphs into a liquid state to squeeze through tight spaces or to repair itself when harmed Now a phase changing material built from wax ... - Read More

New materials for future green tech devices

From your hot car to your warm laptop every machine and device in your life wastes a lot of energy through the loss of heat But thermoelectric devices which convert heat to electricity and vice ... - Read More

Anti-tank missile detector joins fight against malaria

State of the art military hardware could soon fight malaria one of the most deadly diseases on the planet Researchers at Monash University and the University of Melbourne have used an anti tank Javelin missile ... - Read More

Previously unknown form of magnesium carbide synthesized

An international team of researchers from the United States and France along with the head of a state funded mega grant laboratory based at MIPT Artyom Oganov has synthesized a previously unknown form of magnesium ... - Read More

Counterintuitive phenomenon: Coexistence of superconductivity with dissipation

For his doctoral dissertation in the Goldman Superconductivity Research Group at the University of Minnesota Yu Chen now a postdoctoral researcher at UC Santa Barbara developed a novel way to fabricate superconducting nanocircuitry However the ... - Read More

Lopwood, brushwood make high-grade charcoal

When the forestry machines have finished extracting timber what is left are tops and branches waste which cannot be used However according to researchers it is possible to turn these heaps of lopwood into high ... - Read More

Princess and the Pea? Invisibility cloak prevents an object from being felt

In the past years invisibility cloaks were developed for various senses Objects can be hidden from light heat or sound However hiding of an object from being touched still remained to be accomplished KIT scientists ... - Read More

Formation of organic thin-film transistors through room-temperature printing

Japanese researchers have established a process for forming organic thin film transistors TFTs conducting the entire printing process at room temperature under ambient atmospheric conditions Printed electronics the field in which electronic devices are produced ... - Read More

Concentrating solar power: Study shows greater potential

Concentrating solar power CSP could supply a substantial amount of current energy demand according to the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change In the Mediterranean region for example the study shows that a ... - Read More

Scientists use X-rays to look at how DNA protects itself from UV light

The molecular building blocks that make up DNA absorb ultraviolet light so strongly that sunlight should deactivate them yet it does not Now scientists have made detailed observations of a relaxation response that protects these ... - Read More

No limits to human effects on clouds

Understanding how clouds affect the climate has been a difficult proposition What controls the makeup of the low clouds that cool the atmosphere or the high ones that trap heat underneath How does human activity ... - Read More
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