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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Fusion reactor concept could be cheaper than coal

Fusion energy almost sounds too good to be true zero greenhouse gas emissions no long lived radioactive waste a nearly unlimited fuel supply Perhaps the biggest roadblock to adopting fusion energy is that the economics ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from air

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Properties in nanocomposite oxide ceramics for reactor fuel

Nanocomposite oxide ceramics have potential uses as ferroelectrics fast ion conductors and nuclear fuels and for storing nuclear waste generating a great deal of scientific interest on the structure properties and applications of these blended ... - Read More

'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health

A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois ... - Read More

Skin pigment renders sun's UV radiation harmless using projectiles

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays The skin pigment converts the UV ... - Read More

Harvesting energy from walking around: Shoe insole charges AAA and watch batteries

A shoe fits a device that saves the energy the person makes by walking and successfully uses it in watch batteries At the Center for Research in Advanced Materials CIMAV scientists decided to capture the ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More

Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero

Heat drives classical phase transitions think solid liquid and gas but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable where quantum mechanics reigns subtle fluctuations ... - Read More

Titania-based material holds promise as new insulator for superconductors

Research from North Carolina State University shows that a type of modified titania or titanium dioxide holds promise as an electrical insulator for superconducting magnets allowing heat to dissipate while preserving the electrical paths along ... - Read More

All-in-one energy system offers greener power for off–grid homes, farms and businesses

An innovative 'trigeneration' system fuelled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid systems both in the UK and abroad Developed by a consortium led by ... - Read More

3-D printing finds its 'sweet spot' through 'nifty shades of gray'

A 'less is more' approach has enabled UK engineers to make 3D printed parts lighter and stronger using methods that will also make 3D printing faster and more economical The technique uses a cutting edge ... - Read More

Major step toward optical computing: Non-metallic metamaterial used to 'compress' and contain light

The invention of fibre optics revolutionized the way we share information allowing us to transmit data at volumes and speeds we'd only previously dreamed of Now electrical engineering researchers at the University of Alberta are ... - Read More

Gasification of oil palm biomass to produce clean producer gas for heat, power generation

This technology can simultaneously remove impurities and produce clean gas for heat and power generation from waste biomass The process of burning fossil fuels such as petroleum coal and natural gas releases huge amounts of ... - Read More

The power of salt: Power generation from where river water and seawater meet

Where the river meets the sea there is the potential to harness a significant amount of renewable energy according to a team of mechanical engineers at MIT The researchers evaluated an emerging method of power ... - Read More

Technique simplifies creation of high-tech crystals

Highly purified crystals that split light with uncanny precision are key parts of high powered lenses specialized optics and potentially computers that manipulate light instead of electricity But producing these crystals by current techniques such ... - Read More

Solar energy gets a boost: 'Singlet fission' can increase solar cell efficiency by as much as 30 percent

A perspective article published last month by University of California Riverside chemists in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters was selected as an Editors Choice an honor only a handful of research papers receive The ... - Read More

Getting a charge out of water droplets: Water jumping from a superhydrophobic surface can be harnessed to produce electricity

Last year MIT researchers discovered that when water droplets spontaneously jump away from superhydrophobic surfaces during condensation they can gain electric charge in the process Now the same team has demonstrated that this process can ... - Read More

Squishy robots: Phase-changing material could allow even low-cost robots to switch between hard and soft states

In the movie Terminator 2 the shape shifting T 1000 robot morphs into a liquid state to squeeze through tight spaces or to repair itself when harmed Now a phase changing material built from wax ... - Read More
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