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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Outsmarting thermodynamics in self-assembly of nanostructures

If you can uniformly break the symmetry of nanorod pairs in a colloidal solution you're a step ahead of the game toward achieving new and exciting metamaterial properties But traditional thermodynamic driven colloidal assembly of ... - Read More

More energy efficient propellors for large ships

A Norwegian invention is reducing by a third the energy that foundries need to manufacture ship propeller blades Some of the propeller blades manufactured by Oshaug Metall AS in Molde are so big that if ... - Read More

Tracking heat-driven decay in leading electric vehicle batteries

Rechargeable electric vehicles are one of the greatest tools against rising pollution and carbon emissions and their widespread adoption hinges on battery performance Scientists specializing in nanotechnology continue to hunt for the perfect molecular recipe ... - Read More

Lithium injections show promise for optimizing the performance of fusion plasmas

Experiments on the DIII D tokamak that General Atomics operates for the U S Department of Energy DOE have demonstrated the ability of lithium injections to transiently double the temperature and pressure at the edge ... - Read More

New solar power material converts 90 percent of captured light into heat

A multidisciplinary engineering team at the University of California San Diego developed a new nanoparticle based material for concentrating solar power plants designed to absorb and convert to heat more than 90 percent of the ... - Read More

Using radio waves to control the density in a fusion plasma

Recent fusion experiments on the DIII D tokamak at General Atomics San Diego and the Alcator C Mod tokamak at MIT Cambridge Massachusetts show that beaming microwaves into the center of the plasma can be ... - Read More

Plump turtles swim better: First models of swimming animals

Bigger is better if you're a leatherback sea turtle For the first time researchers at the University of Wisconsin Madison Florida Atlantic University FAU and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA have measured the ... - Read More

Electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package

Using 3 D printing and novel semiconductors researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a power inverter that could make electric vehicles lighter more powerful and more efficient At the ... - Read More

Engineering new, efficient vehicle powertrains

Car engines whether driven by gasoline diesel or electricity waste an abundance of energy Researchers are working on ways to stem this wastefulness Ultramodern test facilities are helping them to optimize the entire development process ... - Read More

More efficient transformer materials

Almost every electronic device contains a transformer An important material used in their construction is electrical steel Researchers have found a way to improve the performance of electrical steel and manufacture it more efficiently using ... - Read More

Fusion reactor concept could be cheaper than coal

Fusion energy almost sounds too good to be true zero greenhouse gas emissions no long lived radioactive waste a nearly unlimited fuel supply Perhaps the biggest roadblock to adopting fusion energy is that the economics ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from air

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Properties in nanocomposite oxide ceramics for reactor fuel

Nanocomposite oxide ceramics have potential uses as ferroelectrics fast ion conductors and nuclear fuels and for storing nuclear waste generating a great deal of scientific interest on the structure properties and applications of these blended ... - Read More

'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health

A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois ... - Read More

Skin pigment renders sun's UV radiation harmless using projectiles

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays The skin pigment converts the UV ... - Read More

Harvesting energy from walking around: Shoe insole charges AAA and watch batteries

A shoe fits a device that saves the energy the person makes by walking and successfully uses it in watch batteries At the Center for Research in Advanced Materials CIMAV scientists decided to capture the ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More

Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero

Heat drives classical phase transitions think solid liquid and gas but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable where quantum mechanics reigns subtle fluctuations ... - Read More
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