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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Surprising material could play huge role in saving energy: Tin selenide is best at converting waste heat to electricity

One strategy for addressing the world's energy crisis is to stop wasting so much energy when producing and using it which can happen in coal fired power plants or transportation Nearly two thirds of energy ... - Read More

New material coating technology mimics nature's lotus effect

Ever stop to consider why lotus plant leaves always look clean The hydrophobic water repelling characteristic of the leaf termed the Lotus effect helps the plant survive in muddy swamps repelling dirt and producing beautiful ... - Read More

Impurity size affects performance of emerging superconductive material

Research from North Carolina State University finds that impurities can hurt performance or possibly provide benefits in a key superconductive material that is expected to find use in a host of applications including future particle ... - Read More

High-performance, low-cost ultracapacitors built with graphene and carbon nanotubes

By combining the powers of two single atom thick carbon structures researchers at the George Washington University's Micro propulsion and Nanotechnology Laboratory have created a new ultracapacitor that is both high performance and low cost ... - Read More

Vacuum ultraviolet lamp of the future created

A team of researchers in Japan has developed a solid state lamp that emits high energy ultraviolet UV light at the shortest wavelengths ever recorded for such a device from 140 to 220 nanometers This ... - Read More

Nanoparticle-based coating for aircraft engines may triple service life and reduce fuel consumption

Researchers at University West in Sweden have started using nanoparticles in the heat insulating surface layer that protects aircraft engines from heat In tests this increased the service life of the coating by 300% This ... - Read More

Magnetic behavior discovery could advance nuclear fusion

Inspired by the space physics behind solar flares and the aurora a team of researchers from the University of Michigan and Princeton has uncovered a new kind of magnetic behavior that could help make nuclear ... - Read More

Thermal vision: Graphene light detector first to span infrared spectrum

The first room temperature light detector that can sense the full infrared spectrum has the potential to put heat vision technology into a contact lens Unlike comparable mid and far infrared detectors currently on the ... - Read More

Novel membrane reveals water molecules will bounce off a liquid surface

Consider the nearest water surface a half full glass on your desk a puddle outside your window or a lake across town All of these surfaces represent liquid vapor interfaces where liquid meets air Molecules ... - Read More

Shale could be long-term home for problematic nuclear waste

Shale the source of the United States' current natural gas boom could help solve another energy problem what to do with radioactive waste from nuclear power plants The unique properties of the sedimentary rock and ... - Read More

Heat-based technique offers new way to measure microscopic particles

Researchers have developed a new heat based technique for counting and measuring the size of microscopic particles The technique is less expensive than light based techniques and can be used on a wider array of ... - Read More

Effective thermal camouflage and invisibility device for soldiers created

Engineers and scientists have been trying to discover the ultimate cloaking device not just as a hat trick to make things invisible but for its applications in defense technology Now a team from the NUS ... - Read More

First thin films of spin ice reveal cold secrets

Thin films of spin ice have been shown to demonstrate surprising properties which could help in the development of applications of magnetricity the magnetic equivalent of electricity Published today in Nature Communications a team of ... - Read More

Promising results with local hyperthermia of tumors

A combination of iron oxide nanoparticles and an alternating magnetic field which together generate heat have activated an immune system response to tumors in mice according to an accepted manuscript by Dartmouth Hitchcock Norris Cotton ... - Read More

Research tests which nano system works best in killing cancer cells

In current research related to improving cancer treatments one promising area of research is the effort to find ways to selectively pinpoint and target cancer cells while minimizing effects on healthy cells In that effort ... - Read More

A new renewable energy source? Device captures energy from Earth's infrared emissions to outer space

When the sun sets on a remote desert outpost and solar panels shut down what energy source will provide power through the night A battery perhaps or an old diesel generator Perhaps something strange and ... - Read More

Engineering team increases power efficiency for future computer processors

Have you ever wondered why your laptop or smartphone feels warm when you're using it That heat is a byproduct of the microprocessors in your device using electric current to power computer processing functions and ... - Read More

Staying cool in the nanoelectric universe by getting hot

Hot, Hot
As smartphones tablets and other gadgets become smaller and more sophisticated the heat they generate while in use increases This is a growing problem because it can cause the electronics inside the gadgets to fail ... - Read More

Understanding the functioning of a new type of solar cell

Photovoltaic energy conversion offers one of the best means for the future of renewable energy in the world The efficiency of solar cells depends heavily upon the light absorbing materials they use Photovoltaic systems based ... - Read More

Ultra-thin tool heating for injection molding

In future thin film heating will allow plastic parts to be produced with greatly improved surface quality Researchers have also found a way to make the whole process more energy efficient If you have ever ... - Read More
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