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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Technique simplifies creation of high-tech crystals

Highly purified crystals that split light with uncanny precision are key parts of high powered lenses specialized optics and potentially computers that manipulate light instead of electricity But producing these crystals by current techniques such ... - Read More

Solar energy gets a boost: 'Singlet fission' can increase solar cell efficiency by as much as 30 percent

A perspective article published last month by University of California Riverside chemists in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters was selected as an Editors Choice an honor only a handful of research papers receive The ... - Read More

Getting a charge out of water droplets: Water jumping from a superhydrophobic surface can be harnessed to produce electricity

Last year MIT researchers discovered that when water droplets spontaneously jump away from superhydrophobic surfaces during condensation they can gain electric charge in the process Now the same team has demonstrated that this process can ... - Read More

Squishy robots: Phase-changing material could allow even low-cost robots to switch between hard and soft states

In the movie Terminator 2 the shape shifting T 1000 robot morphs into a liquid state to squeeze through tight spaces or to repair itself when harmed Now a phase changing material built from wax ... - Read More

New materials for future green tech devices

From your hot car to your warm laptop every machine and device in your life wastes a lot of energy through the loss of heat But thermoelectric devices which convert heat to electricity and vice ... - Read More

Anti-tank missile detector joins fight against malaria

State of the art military hardware could soon fight malaria one of the most deadly diseases on the planet Researchers at Monash University and the University of Melbourne have used an anti tank Javelin missile ... - Read More

Previously unknown form of magnesium carbide synthesized

An international team of researchers from the United States and France along with the head of a state funded mega grant laboratory based at MIPT Artyom Oganov has synthesized a previously unknown form of magnesium ... - Read More

Counterintuitive phenomenon: Coexistence of superconductivity with dissipation

For his doctoral dissertation in the Goldman Superconductivity Research Group at the University of Minnesota Yu Chen now a postdoctoral researcher at UC Santa Barbara developed a novel way to fabricate superconducting nanocircuitry However the ... - Read More

Lopwood, brushwood make high-grade charcoal

When the forestry machines have finished extracting timber what is left are tops and branches waste which cannot be used However according to researchers it is possible to turn these heaps of lopwood into high ... - Read More

Princess and the Pea? Invisibility cloak prevents an object from being felt

In the past years invisibility cloaks were developed for various senses Objects can be hidden from light heat or sound However hiding of an object from being touched still remained to be accomplished KIT scientists ... - Read More

Formation of organic thin-film transistors through room-temperature printing

Japanese researchers have established a process for forming organic thin film transistors TFTs conducting the entire printing process at room temperature under ambient atmospheric conditions Printed electronics the field in which electronic devices are produced ... - Read More

Concentrating solar power: Study shows greater potential

Concentrating solar power CSP could supply a substantial amount of current energy demand according to the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change In the Mediterranean region for example the study shows that a ... - Read More

Scientists use X-rays to look at how DNA protects itself from UV light

The molecular building blocks that make up DNA absorb ultraviolet light so strongly that sunlight should deactivate them yet it does not Now scientists have made detailed observations of a relaxation response that protects these ... - Read More

No limits to human effects on clouds

Understanding how clouds affect the climate has been a difficult proposition What controls the makeup of the low clouds that cool the atmosphere or the high ones that trap heat underneath How does human activity ... - Read More

Drastic cut in electricity bill for supermarket in Norway

A Norwegian supermarket gets by with just over two thirds of the electricity used by similar stores The newly built mini supermarket in Trondheim was opened last autumn by a government minister to the sound ... - Read More

Controlling thermal conductivities can improve energy storage

Controlling the flow of heat through materials is important for many technologies While materials with high and low thermal conductivities are available materials with variable and reversible thermal conductivities are rare and other than high ... - Read More

A more earth-friendly way to make bright white cotton fabrics

With a growing number of consumers demanding more Earth friendly practices from the fashion world scientists are developing new ways to produce textiles that could help meet rising expectations They report in the ACS journal ... - Read More

Particles near absolute zero do not break the laws of physics after all

A change of models demystifies anomalous particle behaviour at very low temperatures confirming that the third law of thermodynamics has not been violated In theory the laws of physics are absolute However when it comes ... - Read More

Solar energy prospects are bright for Scotland, experts say

Installing state of the art solar panels on a quarter of a million roofs could meet one sixth of Scotland's electricity demands experts say Scientists say the strategy could ease the plight of one in ... - Read More

A new way to harness waste heat: Electrochemical approach has potential to efficiently turn low-grade heat to electricity

Vast amounts of excess heat are generated by industrial processes and by electric power plants researchers around the world have spent decades seeking ways to harness some of this wasted energy Most such efforts have ... - Read More
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