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News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics

High performance materials for gas storage thermal insulators or nanomachines need a thorough understanding of the behavior of the material down to the molecular level Thermodynamics which have been developed two hundred years ago to ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanorod ensembles release heat differently

Researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have revealed previously unobserved behaviors that show how details of the transfer of heat at the nanoscale causes nanoparticles to change shape in ensembles ... - Read More

Research shows benefits of silicon carbide for sensors in harsh environments

The use of silicon carbide as a semiconductor for mechanical and electrical sensor devices is showing promise for improved operations and safety in harsh working environments according to new research from Griffith University Experiments with ... - Read More

Seeing through sparklers: What happens to heat-treated diamonds

Diamonds come in all colours with price tags to match ice white blue and pink attract high prices and stones with brown hues the least But now that brown diamonds can be heat treated to ... - Read More

How iron feels the heat

As you heat up a piece of iron the arrangement of the iron atoms changes several times before melting This unusual behavior is one reason why steel in which iron plays a starring role is ... - Read More

Quest for efficiency in thermoelectric nanowires

Efficiency is big in the tiny world of thermoelectric nanowires Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories say better materials and manufacturing techniques for the nanowires could allow carmakers to harvest power from the heat wasted by ... - Read More

Understanding air pollution from biomass burners used for heating

As many places in the U S and Europe increasingly turn to biomass rather than fossil fuels for power and heat scientists are focusing on what this trend might mean for air quality and people's ... - Read More

Nanoscale solution to big problem of overheating in microelectronic devices

Anyone who has ever toasted the top of their legs with their laptop or broiled their ear on a cell phone knows that microelectronic devices can give off a lot of heat These devices contain ... - Read More

Nano-hydrogels that attack cancer cells

Hydrogels are materials that are commonly used in everyday objects such as contact lenses or diapers in order to control humidity However chemical engineers at the University of Guadalajara UdeG in Mexico developed a new ... - Read More

On quantum scales, there are many second laws of thermodynamics

New research from UCL and the Universities of Gdansk Singapore and Delft has uncovered additional second laws of thermodynamics which complement the ordinary second law of thermodynamics one of the most fundamental laws of nature ... - Read More

Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP

The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More

Bamboo bike recharges mobile devices, external batteries by peddling

Bambootec consortium from Yucatán state in the south of Mexico designed a bamboo bicycle that transforms the kinetic energy generated by pedaling into a source of electricity that has the ability to simultaneously recharge mobile ... - Read More

Hot showers, lower power bills with heat pump water heaters: How water heaters are installed impacts total home energy use

How much energy was used to heat the water for your morning shower is probably the least of your groggy uncaffeinated thoughts However some homeowners are discovering they have even less need to think about ... - Read More

Nanowire clothing could keep people warm, without heating everything else

To stay warm when temperatures drop outside we heat our indoor spaces even when no one is in them But scientists have now developed a novel nanowire coating for clothes that can both generate heat ... - Read More

A weld of difference: Higher welding speed improves the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys

Simple changes in technique can yield big improvements say A*STAR researchers investigating how welding speed and the placement of materials affect the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys They discovered that the tensile strength increases ... - Read More

Instant-start computers possible with new breakthrough

To encode data today's computer memory technology uses electric currents a major limiting factor for reliability and shrinkability and the source of significant power consumption If data could instead be encoded without current for example ... - Read More

Smart anti-icing system for rotor blades

In very cold climate zones the wind can blow with tremendous force But wind turbines have rarely been built in these regions up to now The risk of ice formation on the rotor blades is ... - Read More

Low-grade waste heat regenerates ammonia battery

An efficient method to harvest low grade waste heat as electricity may be possible using reversible ammonia batteries according to Penn State engineers The use of waste heat for power production would allow additional electricity ... - Read More

High-tech mirror beams heat away from buildings into space

Stanford engineers have invented a revolutionary coating material that can help cool buildings even on sunny days by radiating heat away from the buildings and sending it directly into space A new ultrathin multilayered material ... - Read More
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