All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Thermodynamics"

Phonons, arise! Small electric voltage alters conductivity in key materials

Modern research has found no simple inexpensive way to alter a material's thermal conductivity at room temperature That lack of control has made it hard to create new classes of devices that use phonons the ... - Read More

Four-dimensional printing unfolding as technology that takes 3D printing to an entirely new level

The fourth dimension is time shape shifting in fact and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science ACES at the University of Wollongong UOW is helping to set the pace in the next revolution ... - Read More

From tobacco to cyberwood

Humans have been inspired by nature since the beginning of time We mimic nature to develop new technologies with examples ranging from machinery to pharmaceuticals to new materials Planes are modelled on birds and many ... - Read More

Scientists convert microbubbles to nanoparticles

Biomedical researchers led by Dr Gang Zheng at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have successfully converted microbubble technology already used in diagnostic imaging into nanoparticles that stay trapped in tumours to potentially deliver targeted therapeutic payloads ... - Read More

Virtual vehicle testing: Modeling tires realistically

Manufacturers conduct virtual tests on vehicle designs long before the first car rolls off the assembly line Simulation of the tires has remained a challenge however The software tool CDTire 3D from Fraunhofer researchers now ... - Read More

Magnets can control heat and sound: Experiment reveals new mysterious properties of sound waves

Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field In the March 23 issue of the journal Nature Materials they describe how a magnetic field roughly the size ... - Read More

Squeeze to remove heat: Elastocaloric materials enable more efficient, 'green' cooling

Move over vapor compression cooling technology Emerging elastocaloric refrigeration is potentially much more efficient and unlike vapor compression relies on environmentally friendly refrigerants In elastocaloric materials a change in mechanical stress can create a change ... - Read More

Magnets can control heat and sound

Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field In the March 23 issue of the journal Nature Materials they describe how a magnetic field roughly the size ... - Read More

Hidden benefits of electric vehicles revealed

Electric vehicles are cool research shows Literally A study in this week's Scientific Reports by researchers at Michigan State University MSU and in China add more fuel to the already hot debate about whether electric ... - Read More

Laser-assisted fabrication process enables of heat-resistant, crack-free materials

A fabrication technique that uses lasers to deposit superalloys with fewer cracks and excellent mechanical properties has been developed by A*STAR researchers Alloys are mixtures of two or more metallic elements The composition of an ... - Read More

Fusion researchers make breakthrough: Control intense heat bursts in fusion experiments

Researchers from General Atomics and the U S Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory PPPL have made a major breakthrough in understanding how potentially damaging heat bursts inside a fusion reactor can be controlled ... - Read More

Graphene meets heat waves

In the race to miniaturize electronic components researchers are challenged with a major problem the smaller or the faster your device the more challenging it is to cool it down One solution to improve the ... - Read More

Researchers discover new material to produce clean energy

Researchers at the University of Houston have created a new thermoelectric material intended to generate electric power from waste heat from a vehicle tailpipe for example or an industrial smokestack with greater efficiency and higher ... - Read More

Lightning plus volcanic ash make glass

In their open access paper for Geology Kimberly Genareau and colleagues propose for the first time a mechanism for the generation of glass spherules in geologic deposits through the occurrence of volcanic lightning The existence ... - Read More

Solar cells to get growth boost, price cut

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University's OIST Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit have found that growing a type of film used to manufacture solar cells in ambient air gives ... - Read More

Flower-like magnetic nanoparticles target difficult tumors

Thanks to the work of an interdisciplinary team of researchers at the Dartmouth Center of Nanotechnology Excellence funded by the National Institutes of Health the next generation magnetic nanoparticles MNPs may soon be treating deep ... - Read More

Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics

High performance materials for gas storage thermal insulators or nanomachines need a thorough understanding of the behavior of the material down to the molecular level Thermodynamics which have been developed two hundred years ago to ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanorod ensembles release heat differently

Researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have revealed previously unobserved behaviors that show how details of the transfer of heat at the nanoscale causes nanoparticles to change shape in ensembles ... - Read More

Research shows benefits of silicon carbide for sensors in harsh environments

The use of silicon carbide as a semiconductor for mechanical and electrical sensor devices is showing promise for improved operations and safety in harsh working environments according to new research from Griffith University Experiments with ... - Read More
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