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News articles about "RNA"

Great exaptations: Most traits emerge for no crucial reason, scientists find

Carbon, carbon
Exactly how new traits emerge is a question that has long puzzled evolutionary biologists While some adaptations develop to address a specific need others called exaptations develop as a by product of another feature with ... - Read More

Novel nanoparticle delivers powerful RNA interference drugs

Silencing genes that have malfunctioned is an important approach for treating diseases such as cancer and heart disease One effective approach is to deliver drugs made from small molecules of ribonucleic acid or RNA which ... - Read More

Protocells may have formed in a salty soup

cell, cell
The first cell may have originated in a salty soup in which large biomolecules cluster spontaneously to form a protocell chemists at Radboud University Nijmegen discovered The research is published in the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Better antibiotics: Atomic-scale structure of ribosome with molecule that controls its motion

Atomic, Ribosome
This may look like a tangle of squiggly lines but you're actually looking at a molecular machine called a ribosome Its job is to translate DNA sequences into proteins the workhorse compounds that sustain you ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean

Ocean, Ocean
A team of Spanish researchers coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council CSIC has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean They are using more than 2 000 samples of microorganisms collected ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world

Earth, earth
Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life In fact new research shows that life on Earth may have come from out of this world Lawrence Livermore scientist Nir Goldman ... - Read More

Life-producing phosphorus carried to Earth by meteorites

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Scientists may not know for certain whether life exists in outer space but new research from a team of scientists led by a University of South Florida astrobiologist now shows that one key element that ... - Read More

Scientists uncover how grapefruits provide a secret weapon in medical drug delivery

Medical, Drug delivery
Lipids right panel first three tubes derived from grapefruit GNVs can efficiently deliver a variety of therapeutic agents including DNA RNA DIR GNVs proteins and anti cancer drugs GNVs Drugs as demonstrated in this study ... - Read More

Origins of life: In early Earth, iron helped RNA catalyze electron transfer

Earth, earth
A new study shows how complex biochemical transformations may have been possible under conditions that existed when life began on the early Earth The study shows that RNA is capable of catalyzing electron transfer under ... - Read More

In Early Earth, Iron Helped RNA Catalyze Electron Transfer

Released 5 14 2013 9 50 PM EDTEmbargo expired 5 19 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology Research Communications more news from this source May 19 2013 A new study shows ... - Read More

Nanoparticles found in everyday items can inhibit fat storage: Gold nanoparticles accelerate aging

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
New research reveals that pure gold nanoparticles found in everyday items such as personal care products as well as drug delivery MRI contrast agents and solar cells can inhibit adipose fat storage and lead to ... - Read More

How life may have first emerged on Earth: Foldable proteins in a high-salt environment

Salt, Environment
A structural biologist at the Florida State University College of Medicine has made discoveries that could lead scientists a step closer to understanding how life first emerged on Earth billions of years ago Share This ... - Read More

Biological transistor enables computing within living cells

When Charles Babbage prototyped the first computing machine in the 19th century he imagined using mechanical gears and latches to control information ENIAC the first modern computer developed in the 1940s used vacuum tubes and ... - Read More

Study reveals working of motor with revolution motion in bacteria-killing virus; Advances nanotechnology

Bacteria, bacteria
Scientists have cracked a 35 year old mystery about the workings of the natural motors that are serving as models for development of a futuristic genre of synthetic nanomotors that pump therapeutic DNA RNA or ... - Read More

Enzymes allow DNA to swap information with exotic molecules

molecules
The discovery of the Rosetta Stone resolved a longstanding puzzle permitting the translation of Egyptian hieroglyphs into Ancient Greek Share This See Also Biochemistry Research Biotechnology Organic Chemistry Biochemistry RNA Protein folding Denaturation biochemistry Macromolecule ... - Read More

Cell on a chip reveals protein behavior: In the future, artifical cells may produce complex protein structures on demand

Protein, Protein, protein
For years scientists around the world have dreamed of building a complete functional artificial cell Though this vision is still a distant blur on the horizon many are making progress on various fronts Prof Roy ... - Read More

Scientists find more precise way to turn off genes, a major goal of treatments that target cancer

Scientists at UC San Francisco have found a more precise way to turn off genes a finding that will speed research discoveries and biotech advances and may eventually prove useful in reprogramming cells to regenerate ... - Read More
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