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News articles about "enzymes"

Sweet success: Catalyzing more sugars from biomass

sugars
Catalysis may initiate almost all modern industrial manufacturing processes but catalytic activity on solid surfaces is poorly understood This is especially true for the cellulase enzymes used to release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass for ... - Read More

Origin of life: Power behind primordial soup discovered

Earth, earth
Researchers at the University of Leeds may have solved a key puzzle about how objects from space could have kindled life on Earth Share This See Also Geochemistry Near Earth Object Impacts Origin of Life ... - Read More

Breakthrough in hydrogen fuel production could revolutionize alternative energy market

Alternative, Fuel
A team of Virginia Tech researchers has discovered a way to extract large quantities of hydrogen from any plant a breakthrough that has the potential to bring a low cost environmentally friendly fuel source to ... - Read More

Fighting listeria and other food-borne illnesses with nanobiotechnology

Nanobiotechnology
Engineering researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new method to kill deadly pathogenic bacteria including listeria in food handling and packaging This innovation represents an alternative to the use of antibiotics or chemical ... - Read More

Researchers engineer plant cell walls to boost sugar yields for biofuels

sugar
When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it's generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material on Earth For thousands of years it ... - Read More

Biological transistor enables computing within living cells

When Charles Babbage prototyped the first computing machine in the 19th century he imagined using mechanical gears and latches to control information ENIAC the first modern computer developed in the 1940s used vacuum tubes and ... - Read More

How microbes survive at bare minimum: Archaea eat protein

Protein, Protein, protein
Beneath the ocean floor is a desolate place with no oxygen and sunlight Yet microbes have thrived in this environment for millions of years Share This See Also Global Warming Geochemistry Microorganism Prokaryote Humus Eukaryote ... - Read More

Catalyst in a teacup: New approach to chemical reduction

Reduction, Catalyst, Chemical reduction
Taking their inspiration from nature scientists at the University of New South Wales have developed a new method for carrying out chemical reduction an industrial process used to produce fuels and chemicals that are vital ... - Read More

Enzymes allow DNA to swap information with exotic molecules

molecules
The discovery of the Rosetta Stone resolved a longstanding puzzle permitting the translation of Egyptian hieroglyphs into Ancient Greek Share This See Also Biochemistry Research Biotechnology Organic Chemistry Biochemistry RNA Protein folding Denaturation biochemistry Macromolecule ... - Read More

DNA catalysts do the work of protein enzymes

Illinois chemists have used DNA to do a protein's job creating opportunities for DNA to find work in more areas of biology chemistry and medicine than ever before Share This See Also Human Biology Genes ... - Read More

Oxygen-poor 'boring' ocean challenged evolution of early life

Ocean, Ocean
A research team led by biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has filled in a billion year gap in our understanding of conditions in the early ocean during a critical time in the history ... - Read More

New cancer diagnostic technique debuts

Cancer cells break down sugars and produce the metabolic acid lactate at a much higher rate than normal cells This phenomenon provides a telltale sign that cancer is present via diagnostics such as PET scans ... - Read More

Biobatteries catch breath

Oxygen
An air breathing bio battery has been constructed by researchers from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw The core element providing the new power source with relatively high ... - Read More

Biomass analysis tool is faster, more precise

Analysis
A screening tool from the U S Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL eases and greatly quickens one of the thorniest tasks in the biofuels industry determining cell wall chemistry to find plants ... - Read More

New evidence that comets could have seeded life on Earth

Earth, earth
t's among the most ancient of questions What are the origins of life on Earth Share This See Also Asteroids Comets and Meteors Astronomy Earth Science Near Earth Object Impacts Origin of Life Charles Darwin ... - Read More

Metal ions regulate terpenoid metabolism in insects

Ions, Metabolism
Max Planck scientists in Jena Germany have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in an important secondary metabolism the terpenoid pathway In the horseradish leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae a single enzyme ... - Read More

Is nanosilver toxic?

According to Finnish Estonian joint research with data obtained on two crustacean species there is apparently no reason to consider silver nanoparticles more dangerous for aquatic ecosystems than silver ions The results were reported in ... - Read More

Fungal cleaning crew: Chemists determine the structure of an enzyme that breaks down dyes

Fungi serve as a kind of natural cleaning crew for the ecosystem They form enzymes that can degrade hazardous substances converting natural as well as human made toxins into harmless compounds For instance they can ... - Read More

Cure for common hangover? 'Pill' mimics action of human liver in fighting alcohol intoxication

Enzyme, Enzyme, Engineering, Enzyme, enzyme
In a discovery that could promise a quick fix to the common hangover a team of researchers led by UCLA engineers has identified a method for speeding up the body's reaction to the consumption of ... - Read More

New therapeutics could accelerate wound healing

cells, cells
In before and after photos from advertisements for wound healing ointments bandages and antibiotic creams we see an injury transformed from an inflamed red gash to smooth and flawless skin Share This See Also Wounds ... - Read More
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