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News articles about "enzymes"

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Female moths use olfactory signals to choose the best egg-laying sites

Olfactory
Functional calcium imaging in the antennal lobes of a female Manduca sexta moth Different activation patterns red spots can be observed depending on whether the moths respond to Z 3 hexenyl acetate or E 2 ... - Read More

A step closer to artificial livers: Researchers identify compounds that help liver cells grow outside body

Compounds
Prometheus the mythological figure who stole fire from the gods was punished for this theft by being bound to a rock Each day an eagle swept down and fed on his liver which then grew ... - Read More

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal

tumor
Scientists at the University of California San Diego have designed tiny spherical particles to float easily through the bloodstream after injection then assemble into a durable scaffold within diseased tissue An enzyme produced by a ... - Read More

Molecular basis of strawberry aroma

Molecular basis
You know that summer is here when juicy red strawberries start to appear on the shelves In Germany this seasonal fruit has never been more popular on average 3.5 kilos per head were consumed in ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

New technique to track cell interactions in living bodies developed

Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine have developed a new technique to see how different types of cells interact in a living mouse The process uses light emitting proteins that glow when two types ... - Read More

Bizarre bone worms emit acid to feast on whale skeletons: Bone-melting substance drills opening for worms to access nutrients

Substance, Acid
Only within the past 12 years have marine biologists come to learn about the eye opening characteristics of mystifying sea worms that live and thrive on the bones of whale carcasses Share This See Also ... - Read More

Smoke signals: How burning plants tell seeds to rise from the ashes

Plants, plants
In the spring following a forest fire trees that survived the blaze explode in new growth and plants sprout in abundance from the scorched earth For centuries it was a mystery how seeds some long ... - Read More

Surprising findings on hydrogen production in green algae

New research fuels hope of efficient hydrogen production with green algae being possible in the future despite the prevailing scepticism based on previous research The study changes the view on the potential of green algae ... - Read More

New device could cut costs on household products, pharmaceuticals

Pharmaceuticals, pharmaceuticals
Sometimes cost saving comes in nanoscale packages Share This See Also Nature of Water Civil Engineering Organic Chemistry Chemistry Materials Science Engineering Soap bubble Surface tension Energy conservation Concrete A new procedure that thickens and ... - Read More

Scientists use 'the force' (atomic force microscopy) to decode secrets of our gut

Atomic, Microscopy
A new technique based on atomic force microscopy was developed at the Institute of Food Research to help 'read' information encoded in the gut lining Share This See Also Colitis Gastrointestinal Problems Biochemistry Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Enzymes From Horse Feces Could Hold Secrets to Streamlining Biofuel Production

led to the identification of literally hundreds of enzymes capable of breaking through that tough lignin in plant cell walls and the cellulose within The team now is shifting through that bounty to identify the ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More

Safety Reflector Technology From Footwear Getting New Life in Detecting Bioterror Threats

to multiplex the device and detect many pathogens at once ” They have demonstrated clinically useful sensitivity on samples containing Rickettsia conorii a bioterrorism threat that causes Mediterranean spotted fever and others are on the ... - Read More

Major Symposium on Arsenic Contamination in Food and Water Supplies

manufacturers stopped adding it to common household products ” Other speakers in the symposium focused on the ongoing problem of arsenic contamination in the 21st century Arsenic occurs naturally in elevated concentrations in the soil ... - Read More

On Yak-a-mein Soup, a.k.a., 'Old Sober' 

an effective remedy and with the scientific basis revealed only years later ” Mitchell spoke on the chemistry and physiology of the hangover at a symposium “Chemistry of the Bar ” which connects with the ... - Read More
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