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News articles about "enzymes"

Artificial organelles transform free radicals into water and oxygen

Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully developed artificial organelles that are able to support the reduction of toxic oxygen compounds This opens up new ways in the development of novel drugs that can ... - Read More

Biochemists uphold law of physics

Biochemists
Experiments by biochemists at the University of California Davis show for the first time that a law of physics the ergodic theorem can be demonstrated by a collection of individual protein molecules specifically a protein ... - Read More

New concept for biofuel cells: Tree fungus lets current flow

Sabine Sané doctoral candidate in the research training group Micro Energy Harvesting at the Department of Microsystems Engineering IMTEK of the University of Freiburg has found a way to make a species of tree fungus ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers allow precision control of enzymes

enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, enzymes
Tweezers are a handy instrument when it comes to removing a splinter or plucking an eyebrow In new research Hao Yan and his colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute describe a pair of tweezers ... - Read More

Protocells may have formed in a salty soup

cell, cell
The first cell may have originated in a salty soup in which large biomolecules cluster spontaneously to form a protocell chemists at Radboud University Nijmegen discovered The research is published in the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Scientists view 'protein origami' to help understand, prevent certain diseases

Scientists using sophisticated imaging techniques have observed a molecular protein folding process that may help medical researchers understand and treat diseases such as Alzheimer's Lou Gehrig's and cancer The study reported this month in the ... - Read More

Computational chemistry draws for first time 'interactive cartographic map' of enzymes during chemical reactions

Knowing how enzymes work is key to control the chemical processes involving these biological macromolecules that have countless applications in the fields of medicine and industry Computational chemistry has enabled to draw for the first ... - Read More

Bioenergy potential unearthed in leaf-cutter ant communities

Bacteria, bacteria
As spring warms up Wisconsin humans aren't the only ones tending their gardens At the University of Wisconsin Madison Department of Bacteriology colonies of leaf cutter ants cultivate thriving communities of fungi and bacteria using ... - Read More

Memory-Boosting Chemical Is Identified in Mice

trigger different enzymes to act downstream to switch off eIF2 alpha “Among other things the inactivation of eIF2 alpha is a brake on memory consolidation ” Walter said perhaps an evolutionary consequence of a cell ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Female moths use olfactory signals to choose the best egg-laying sites

Olfactory
Functional calcium imaging in the antennal lobes of a female Manduca sexta moth Different activation patterns red spots can be observed depending on whether the moths respond to Z 3 hexenyl acetate or E 2 ... - Read More

A step closer to artificial livers: Researchers identify compounds that help liver cells grow outside body

Compounds
Prometheus the mythological figure who stole fire from the gods was punished for this theft by being bound to a rock Each day an eagle swept down and fed on his liver which then grew ... - Read More

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal

tumor
Scientists at the University of California San Diego have designed tiny spherical particles to float easily through the bloodstream after injection then assemble into a durable scaffold within diseased tissue An enzyme produced by a ... - Read More

Molecular basis of strawberry aroma

Molecular basis
You know that summer is here when juicy red strawberries start to appear on the shelves In Germany this seasonal fruit has never been more popular on average 3.5 kilos per head were consumed in ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

New technique to track cell interactions in living bodies developed

Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine have developed a new technique to see how different types of cells interact in a living mouse The process uses light emitting proteins that glow when two types ... - Read More
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