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News articles about "enzymes"

Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble

Gel
A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt The self ... - Read More

Purple Sweet Potatoes Among 'New Naturals' for Food and Beverage Colors

exhibited potent antioxidant activities Degradation of chlorogenic acid quinic acid and caffeic acid upon heat treatment produced additional antioxidants in roasted coffees The results suggest that continuous ingestion of antioxidants by habitual coffee drinkers has ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

Nitric Oxide Can Regulate Gene Expression

heritable alterations in gene expression caused by mechanisms other than changes in DNA sequence One such example Thomas said are modifications of specialized proteins called histones which are responsible for packaging DNA in the cell ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Breakthrough in Detecting DNA Mutations Could Help Treat Tuberculosis, Cancer

Released 7 25 2013 1 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 7 28 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Washington more news from this source Jul 30 2013 The slightest variation in a sequence of ... - Read More

Quantum of sonics: Bonded, not stirred

Researchers at McGill University have discovered a new way to join materials together using ultrasound Ultrasound sound so high it cannot be heard is normally used to smash particles apart in water In a recent ... - Read More

Protons hop from one water molecule to another given suitable energy conditions

Molecule, molecule
Protons as positively charged hydrogen ions move very rapidly in water from one water molecule to the next which is why the conductivity of water is relatively high The principle of proton conduction in water ... - Read More

A new method for clicking molecules together

Thiols are sulfur containing molecules found in most proteins of the human body Characterized by their 'garlicky' smell they also give coffee sweat and the spray of skunks their unique odor Because they are so ... - Read More

Widely used pesticide toxic to honeybees

Forthcoming research in the journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry analyzes the physiological effects of three separate pesticides on honey bees Apis mellifera An international research team Drs Stephan Caravalho Luc Belzunces and colleagues from Universidade ... - Read More

Computing toxic chemicals

A new computational method for working out in advance whether a chemical will be toxic will be reporting in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics There is increasing pressure ... - Read More

BPA and chlorine means bad news: Modified forms of bisphenol A found to alter hormone signaling in new, disturbing ways

Hormone, bisphenol A, BPA
The ubiquity of the endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A led researchers to ask what it might be doing in publicly supplied chlorinated drinking water The answer Chlorinated BPA has different but no less profound effects ... - Read More

Injectable 'smart sponge' holds promise for controlled drug delivery

Drug delivery
Researchers have developed a drug delivery technique for diabetes treatment in which a sponge like material surrounds an insulin core The sponge expands and contracts in response to blood sugar levels to release insulin as ... - Read More

Artificial organelles transform free radicals into water and oxygen

Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully developed artificial organelles that are able to support the reduction of toxic oxygen compounds This opens up new ways in the development of novel drugs that can ... - Read More

Biochemists uphold law of physics

Biochemists
Experiments by biochemists at the University of California Davis show for the first time that a law of physics the ergodic theorem can be demonstrated by a collection of individual protein molecules specifically a protein ... - Read More

New concept for biofuel cells: Tree fungus lets current flow

Sabine Sané doctoral candidate in the research training group Micro Energy Harvesting at the Department of Microsystems Engineering IMTEK of the University of Freiburg has found a way to make a species of tree fungus ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers allow precision control of enzymes

enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, enzymes
Tweezers are a handy instrument when it comes to removing a splinter or plucking an eyebrow In new research Hao Yan and his colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute describe a pair of tweezers ... - Read More

Protocells may have formed in a salty soup

cell, cell
The first cell may have originated in a salty soup in which large biomolecules cluster spontaneously to form a protocell chemists at Radboud University Nijmegen discovered The research is published in the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Scientists view 'protein origami' to help understand, prevent certain diseases

Scientists using sophisticated imaging techniques have observed a molecular protein folding process that may help medical researchers understand and treat diseases such as Alzheimer's Lou Gehrig's and cancer The study reported this month in the ... - Read More
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