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News articles about "enzymes"

High-resolution 3-D imaging draws new picture of Golgi's whereabouts during cell division

Resolving a fundamental question in cell biology and showing off the powers of new high resolution 3 D imaging NIH scientists have discovered where the Golgi apparatus which sorts newly synthesized proteins for transport inside ... - Read More

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Hard rock life: Collecting census data on microbial denizens of hardened rocks

organisms, Earth, organisms, earth
Scientists are digging deep into Earth's surface collecting census data on the microbial denizens of the hardened rocks What they're finding is that even miles deep and halfway across the globe many of these communities ... - Read More

Nanorobot for transporting drugs in the body

A nanorobot is a popular term for molecules with a unique property that enables them to be programmed to carry out a specific task In collaboration with colleagues in Italy and the USA researchers at ... - Read More

Scientists stitch up photosynthetic megacomplex

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More

Breakthrough for biofuel production from tiny marine algae

marine, algae, Marine, algae
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have developed a method for greatly enhancing biofuel production in tiny marine algae As reported in this week's online edition of the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Early Stages of Breast Cancer Could Soon Be Diagnosed From Blood Samples

Released 11 14 2013 11 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Houston Methodist more news from this source Nov 14 2013 HOUSTON Nov 14 2013 What could someday be the first blood test for the early detection ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

Tapping fungus to unlock energy: Crafting a better enzyme cocktail to turn plants into fuel faster

Fuel
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts The new research published in October ... - Read More

'Molecular Velcro' may lead to cost-effective alternatives to natural antibodies

Antibodies
Taking inspiration from the human immune system researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab have created a new material that can be programmed to identify an endless variety ... - Read More

Rare earths in bacteria: Methane-decomposing bacteria from hot springs need the valuable metals to produce energy

Bacteria, bacteria
Rare earths are among the most precious raw materials of all These metals are used in mobile telephones display screens and computers And they are apparently indispensable for some organisms as well A team of ... - Read More

A cost-effective way toward personalized cancer drugs

cancer
Before a cancer patient embarks on a course of treatment tests can be carried out to establish whether or not the chosen cytostatic agent combination is likely to be effective But the time consuming and ... - Read More

Less toxic metabolites, more chemical product

Chemical product, Chemical product
The first dynamic regulatory system that prevents the build up of toxic metabolites in engineered microbes has been reported by a team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy ... - Read More

Cold, salty and promiscuous: Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake

Gene, Gene
Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3 500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold and providing researchers ... - Read More

New metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels

sugars
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels The new pathway is intended to replace ... - Read More

Novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically-engineered microorganism

Microorganism, Gasoline
Scientists succeeded in producing 580 mg of gasoline per litre of cultured broth by converting in vivo generated fatty acid For many decades we have been relying on fossil resources to produce liquid fuels such ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?

Bacteria, bacteria
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters According to a report written by scientists from the ... - Read More
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