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News articles about "enzymes"

BLAST off! Exploring the universe of biochemical reactions

Reactions, biochemical
Scientists at EMBL EBI have developed EC BLAST software that makes it easier to develop novel enzymes Published in Nature Methods the program makes it possible to quickly compare the functions of thousands of catalysts ... - Read More

Symbiotic fungi inhabiting plant roots have major impact on atmospheric carbon, scientists say

Fungi, Atmospheric
Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

New technique targets specific areas of cancer cells with different drugs

Researchers have developed a technique for creating nanoparticles that carry two different cancer killing drugs into the body and deliver those drugs to separate parts of the cancer cell where they will be most effective ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

A Powerful Technique to Further Understanding of RNA

Released 1 9 2014 10 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina School of Medicine more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Journal of the American Chemistry ... - Read More

Infrared sheds light on single protein complexes

Proteins are basic building blocks of life The chemistry and structure of proteins are essential for their biological function Indeed the structure of proteins determines their mechanical and catalytic properties e g enzymes Such functions ... - Read More

High-resolution 3-D imaging draws new picture of Golgi's whereabouts during cell division

Resolving a fundamental question in cell biology and showing off the powers of new high resolution 3 D imaging NIH scientists have discovered where the Golgi apparatus which sorts newly synthesized proteins for transport inside ... - Read More

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Hard rock life: Collecting census data on microbial denizens of hardened rocks

organisms, Earth, organisms, earth
Scientists are digging deep into Earth's surface collecting census data on the microbial denizens of the hardened rocks What they're finding is that even miles deep and halfway across the globe many of these communities ... - Read More

Nanorobot for transporting drugs in the body

A nanorobot is a popular term for molecules with a unique property that enables them to be programmed to carry out a specific task In collaboration with colleagues in Italy and the USA researchers at ... - Read More

Scientists stitch up photosynthetic megacomplex

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More

Breakthrough for biofuel production from tiny marine algae

marine, algae, Marine, algae
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have developed a method for greatly enhancing biofuel production in tiny marine algae As reported in this week's online edition of the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Early Stages of Breast Cancer Could Soon Be Diagnosed From Blood Samples

Released 11 14 2013 11 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Houston Methodist more news from this source Nov 14 2013 HOUSTON Nov 14 2013 What could someday be the first blood test for the early detection ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

Tapping fungus to unlock energy: Crafting a better enzyme cocktail to turn plants into fuel faster

Fuel
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts The new research published in October ... - Read More

'Molecular Velcro' may lead to cost-effective alternatives to natural antibodies

Antibodies
Taking inspiration from the human immune system researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab have created a new material that can be programmed to identify an endless variety ... - Read More

Rare earths in bacteria: Methane-decomposing bacteria from hot springs need the valuable metals to produce energy

Bacteria, bacteria
Rare earths are among the most precious raw materials of all These metals are used in mobile telephones display screens and computers And they are apparently indispensable for some organisms as well A team of ... - Read More
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