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News articles about "enzymes"

Optical nanoantennas set the stage for a NEMS lab-on-a-chip revolution

Newly developed tiny antennas likened to spotlights on the nanoscale offer the potential to measure food safety identify pollutants in the air and even quickly diagnose and treat cancer according to the Australian scientists who ... - Read More

Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more

Researchers at the University of California Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

More light shed on on biomass breakdown

Scientists at the University of York are part of a research team which has found that a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade resistant forms of starch Earlier research established that the enzymes lytic ... - Read More

Oils, fats innovation: Use of nanotechnology in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals

The use of oils and fats has been successfully diversified resulting in an innovation formulated through nanotechnology that is beneficial to pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries A Faculty of Science Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM lecturer Professor ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

Scientists Identify First Nutrient Sensor in Key Growth-Regulating Metabolic Pathway

interact either directly or indirectly with mTORC1. Identifying them will thus remain a focus of the lab for years to come This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health grants R01 CA103866 and ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More

A vegetarian carnivorous plant

Carnivorous plants catch and digest tiny animals in order and derive benefits for their nutrition Interestingly the trend towards vegetarianism seems to overcome carnivorous plants as well The aquatic carnivorous bladderwort which can be found ... - Read More

A 'GPS' for molecules

In everyday life the global positioning system GPS can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination Scientists from the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry of ... - Read More

Visualizing DNA double-strand break process for the first time

Scientists from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre CNIO led by Guillermo Montoya have developed a method for producing biological crystals that has allowed scientists to observe for the first time DNA double chain breaks ... - Read More

X-ray laser reveals how bacterial protein morphs in response to light

Human biology is a massive collection of chemical reactions from the intricate signaling network that powers our brain activity to the body's immune response to viruses and the way our eyes adjust to sunlight All ... - Read More

Sweet smell of success: Researchers boost methyl ketone production in e. coli

Two years ago researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute JBEI engineered Escherichia coli E coli bacteria to convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones a class of chemical compounds ... - Read More

Copper on the Brain at Rest

Released 26 Nov 2014 12 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Dec 3 2014 In recent years it has been ... - Read More

Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More

Jet-fueled electricity at room temperature: Fuel cell can run without high heat

University of Utah engineers developed the first room temperature fuel cell that uses enzymes to help jet fuel produce electricity without needing to ignite the fuel These new fuel cells can be used to power ... - Read More

Jet-Fueled Electricity at Room Temperature

Released 4 Nov 2014 11 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom University of Utah more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations ACS Catalysis Northrop Grumman Corp NSF via University of ... - Read More

Breeding soybeans that can tolerate heat, drought

Hot dry conditions can wreak havoc on a field of soybeans According to the National Center for Soybean Technology drought is the greatest threat to profitability Work underway at South Dakota State University may change ... - Read More

In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More
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