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News articles about "enzymes"

Some genes 'foreign' in origin and not from our ancestors

Many animals including humans acquired essential 'foreign' genes from microorganisms co habiting their environment in ancient times according to research published in the open access journal Genome Biology The study challenges conventional views that animal ... - Read More

Microbial soil cleanup at Fukushima

Proteins from salt loving halophilic microbes could be the key to cleaning up leaked radioactive strontium and caesium ions from the Fukushima Dai ichi Nuclear Power Plant incident in Japan The publication of the X ... - Read More

Democratizing synthetic biology

Deep in the heart of synthetic biology are the proteins that make it tick Protein engineering is the crucial pulse of the booming relatively new scientific discipline Scientists grow harvest and reprogram proteins to become ... - Read More

Metabolic path to improved biofuel production

Researchers with the Energy Biosciences Institute EBI a partnership that includes the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab and the University of California UC Berkeley have found a way to increase the production of fuels ... - Read More

Medical nanoparticles: local treatment of lung cancer

Nanoparticles can function as carriers for medicines to combat lung cancer Working in a joint project at the NIM Nanosystems Initiative Munich Excellence Cluster scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum München HMGU and the Ludwig Maximilians ... - Read More

Step change for screening could boost biofuels

Researchers at the Institute of Food Research have developed a new way of rapidly screening yeasts that could help produce more sustainable biofuels The new technique could also be a boon in the search for ... - Read More

Pens filled with high-tech inks for do-it-yourself sensors

A new simple tool developed by nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego is opening the door to an era when anyone will be able to build sensors anywhere including physicians in the clinic ... - Read More

Optical nanoantennas set the stage for a NEMS lab-on-a-chip revolution

Newly developed tiny antennas likened to spotlights on the nanoscale offer the potential to measure food safety identify pollutants in the air and even quickly diagnose and treat cancer according to the Australian scientists who ... - Read More

Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more

Researchers at the University of California Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

More light shed on on biomass breakdown

Scientists at the University of York are part of a research team which has found that a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade resistant forms of starch Earlier research established that the enzymes lytic ... - Read More

Oils, fats innovation: Use of nanotechnology in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals

The use of oils and fats has been successfully diversified resulting in an innovation formulated through nanotechnology that is beneficial to pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries A Faculty of Science Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM lecturer Professor ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

Scientists Identify First Nutrient Sensor in Key Growth-Regulating Metabolic Pathway

interact either directly or indirectly with mTORC1. Identifying them will thus remain a focus of the lab for years to come This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health grants R01 CA103866 and ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More

A vegetarian carnivorous plant

Carnivorous plants catch and digest tiny animals in order and derive benefits for their nutrition Interestingly the trend towards vegetarianism seems to overcome carnivorous plants as well The aquatic carnivorous bladderwort which can be found ... - Read More

A 'GPS' for molecules

In everyday life the global positioning system GPS can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination Scientists from the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry of ... - Read More

Visualizing DNA double-strand break process for the first time

Scientists from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre CNIO led by Guillermo Montoya have developed a method for producing biological crystals that has allowed scientists to observe for the first time DNA double chain breaks ... - Read More

X-ray laser reveals how bacterial protein morphs in response to light

Human biology is a massive collection of chemical reactions from the intricate signaling network that powers our brain activity to the body's immune response to viruses and the way our eyes adjust to sunlight All ... - Read More
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